Earth Science Test Geol. #1

76 Questions

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Earth Science Quizzes & Trivia

The earth is made up of many particles that make it up, as we know it. We have covered this particles and how they ensure that the earth is still in existence. Take the test below and see how well you understand the earth’s surface and its composition. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Solar wind is associated with?
    • A. 

      The aurora borealis

    • B. 

      The tail of the comet

    • C. 

      Satellite Interference

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 2. 
    In the case of, PV=nRT, if volume stays constant and temperature rises, what happens?
    • A. 

      Pressure Decreases

    • B. 

      Volume Increases

    • C. 

      Pressure Increases

  • 3. 
    Does density and mass determine gravity?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    Heating water causes?
    • A. 

      Freezing

    • B. 

      Evaporation

    • C. 

      Sublimation

  • 5. 
    The Ideal Gas Law is PV = nRT?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    Seasonal difference on the Earth are caused by
    • A. 

      The Sun and Rotation

    • B. 

      Rotation

    • C. 

      Curved Surface

    • D. 

      Tilt and Curved Surface

  • 7. 
    What creates clouds?
    • A. 

      Weather

    • B. 

      Temperature

    • C. 

      Condensation

    • D. 

      Wind

  • 8. 
    What is the difference between Jovian and terrestrial planets?
    • A. 

      Big vs. Small

    • B. 

      Gas giants vs. Small rocky

    • C. 

      Rings vs. No rings

  • 9. 
    Rotation deals with orbitting around the sun?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    Revolution deals with the spin on an axis?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    There are three types of planets which is NOT one?
    • A. 

      Stars

    • B. 

      Dwarfs

    • C. 

      Jovian

    • D. 

      Terrestrial

  • 12. 
    The Earth's rotation takes _____?
    • A. 

      365 Days

    • B. 

      10 Hours

    • C. 

      7 Days

    • D. 

      24 Hours

  • 13. 
    The planet that is closest to the Sun is?
    • A. 

      Jupiter

    • B. 

      Mars

    • C. 

      Earth

    • D. 

      Mercury

  • 14. 
    _______ is Earth's twin.
    • A. 

      Mars

    • B. 

      Venus

    • C. 

      Saturn

    • D. 

      Pluto

  • 15. 
    There are three spheres in Earth, the atomsphere, solid earth, and hydrosphre, which is alos considered a sphere?
    • A. 

      Lythosphere

    • B. 

      Geopshere

    • C. 

      Biosphere

    • D. 

      Both Geosphere and Biosphere

  • 16. 
    Which sphere deals with trees?
    • A. 

      Solid Earth

    • B. 

      Biosphere

    • C. 

      Atmosphere

  • 17. 
    The Scientfic Method process is?
    • A. 

      Question => Observation => Speculation

    • B. 

      Speculation => Observation => Question

    • C. 

      Observation => Question => Speculation

  • 18. 
    What is the difference between theory vs. hypothesis
  • 19. 
    Three fourths of our planet is covered by water?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    What is the cycle of the spheres?
  • 21. 
    Can a theory prove anything?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    Scientists must work to reduce/eliminate subjectivity?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    Which of the following are disciplines of Earth Science?
    • A. 

      Astronomy

    • B. 

      Oceanography

    • C. 

      Meteorology

    • D. 

      Geology

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 24. 
    Matter is ___________________________________________________________.
  • 25. 
    The three atomic structures are?
  • 26. 
    The atomic number is found by?
  • 27. 
    The mass number is found by?
  • 28. 
    Which of the follwing is found in the nucleus, contributes to the mass and has a positive charge?
    • A. 

      Protons

    • B. 

      Neutrons

    • C. 

      Electrons

  • 29. 
    Which the following orbits the nucelus, negative charge, very little mass, may change orbits and atoms.
    • A. 

      Protons

    • B. 

      Neutrons

    • C. 

      Electrons

  • 30. 
    Which of the following is found in the nucleus, contribute to mass and has no charge.
    • A. 

      Protons

    • B. 

      Neutrons

    • C. 

      Electrons

  • 31. 
    The atomic number identifies element
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 32. 
    Can electrons csn orbit more than one atom and can leave one atom
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 33. 
    What are the two types of energy?
  • 34. 
    Which energy is releaseed when body is set in motion.
    • A. 

      Potential and Kinetic

    • B. 

      Kinetic

    • C. 

      Neither

  • 35. 
    Which Law deals with all things ten towards disorder
    • A. 

      1st Law of Thermodynamics

    • B. 

      2nd Law of Thermodynamics

    • C. 

      Neither

  • 36. 
    Which shift "squishes" waves?
    • A. 

      Blue

    • B. 

      Red

    • C. 

      Purple

  • 37. 
    Which shift is approaching and is at a higher frequency?
    • A. 

      Blue

    • B. 

      Red

    • C. 

      Purple

  • 38. 
    In the case of a bomb dropping from the sky what shift best descirbes what happens?
    • A. 

      Blue

    • B. 

      Red

    • C. 

      Purple

  • 39. 
    Red Shift is when a object is receding and "stretches out" waves?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 40. 
    Which is the measurement of distance (where two lines of sight meet)?
    • A. 

      AU

    • B. 

      Triangulation

    • C. 

      Fusion

  • 41. 
    Sunspot's are darken, hotter spots on Sun's surface with strong magnetic fields?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 42. 
    Objects that are moving away in space are moving at ______ the speed of light.
    • A. 

      1/10th

    • B. 

      1/8th

    • C. 

      1/4th

    • D. 

      1/15th

  • 43. 
    The process of a star is Nebulae => collapse => shrinks and rotates => main sequence star => fuel gone => enormous red giant => white dwarf or black hole
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 44. 
    Which bond is when an electron is donated to the other?
    • A. 

      Covalent

    • B. 

      Ionic

    • C. 

      Strong

  • 45. 
    Which bond is when an electron obrtis more then one nucleus?
    • A. 

      Ionic

    • B. 

      Covalent

    • C. 

      Strong

  • 46. 
    Weather has to deal with long term atmosphere.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 47. 
    Which one of the following deals with short term atmosphere?
    • A. 

      Weather

    • B. 

      Climate

    • C. 

      Seasons

  • 48. 
    How are mass and energy related?
  • 49. 
    What is Electron Radiation?
    • A. 

      How electricity transfers

    • B. 

      Spectrum of energy associated with particles of light, electric and magnetic fields

    • C. 

      How to magnets stick together

  • 50. 
    Which of the following is how photons act separately?
    • A. 

      Wave Nature

    • B. 

      Particle Nature

    • C. 

      Parallax

  • 51. 
    Solar flares are eruptions of gas in the corona?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 52. 
    Which planet is the 3rd rock, liquid water and oxygen gas?
    • A. 

      Mars

    • B. 

      Venus

    • C. 

      Earth

  • 53. 
    Which planet is the 1st gas giant, largest planet and fastest rotation?
    • A. 

      Mercury

    • B. 

      Saturn

    • C. 

      Jupiter

  • 54. 
    Which planet has ice caps of dry ice?
    • A. 

      Mars

    • B. 

      Pluto

    • C. 

      Saturn

  • 55. 
    Mercury's core is magnetic
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 56. 
    Which planet has the most moons?
    • A. 

      Saturn

    • B. 

      Jupiter

    • C. 

      Venus

  • 57. 
    Which planet is tipped sideways?
    • A. 

      Saturn

    • B. 

      Uranus

    • C. 

      Neptune

  • 58. 
    Which planet has a moon that moves in the opposite direction?
    • A. 

      Jupiter

    • B. 

      Saturn

    • C. 

      Neptune

  • 59. 
    Which of the following is ice and rock, leave trail of gases.
    • A. 

      Comets

    • B. 

      Asteroids

    • C. 

      Meteoroids

    • D. 

      Meteors

  • 60. 
    Whcih of the following is rocky or metallic debris, may not be from belt and small?
    • A. 

      Comets

    • B. 

      Asteroids

    • C. 

      Meteoroids

    • D. 

      Meteors

  • 61. 
    Which of the following pulls into Earth's atmosphere as streak or shooting stars?
    • A. 

      Comets

    • B. 

      Meteors

    • C. 

      Meteorite

  • 62. 
    Which of the following is rocks that occur in the belt that orbits between Mars and Jupiter these can also hit Earth?
    • A. 

      Comets

    • B. 

      Meteors

    • C. 

      Asteroids

  • 63. 
    Which of the following is a meteor that strikes Earth's surface  or burns up completely?
    • A. 

      Meteors

    • B. 

      Meteoroids

    • C. 

      Meteorite

  • 64. 
    Which phase is the moon in, if the it is inbetween the Earth and the sun?
    • A. 

      Full

    • B. 

      New

    • C. 

      Half

  • 65. 
    What phase of the moon is when the Earth is between the Sun and moon?
    • A. 

      Full

    • B. 

      New

    • C. 

      Half

  • 66. 
    What phase of the moon  is when it is getting smaller and heading towards new.
    • A. 

      Waning

    • B. 

      Waxing

    • C. 

      Luner

  • 67. 
    When ice turns into water vapor it is called?
    • A. 

      Condensation

    • B. 

      Evaporation

    • C. 

      Sublimation

  • 68. 
    The transfer through direct contact is called?
    • A. 

      Radiation

    • B. 

      Conduction

    • C. 

      Convection

  • 69. 
    The transfer through circulation of gas, liquid, etc.
    • A. 

      Radiation

    • B. 

      Conduction

    • C. 

      Convection

  • 70. 
    Radiation travels in all directions, even in vacuum.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 71. 
    Which tropic is the summer sostice?
    • A. 

      Cancer

    • B. 

      Capricorn

    • C. 

      Neither

  • 72. 
    Maritime is________?
    • A. 

      Moist and mild

    • B. 

      Dry and hot

    • C. 

      Cold and humid

  • 73. 
    Continental is ________?
    • A. 

      Dry and mild

    • B. 

      Dry and hot

    • C. 

      Dry and cold

  • 74. 
    Which temperature zone is cold, noctilucent clouds and meteors?
    • A. 

      Stratosphere

    • B. 

      Mesosphere

    • C. 

      Thermosphere

  • 75. 
    Which zone is warming and inosphere?
    • A. 

      Stratosphere

    • B. 

      Trososphere

    • C. 

      Thermosphere

  • 76. 
    The temperature zone that is the zone of weather is troposhere?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False