Government EOC Part 2 (31-60)--murray

30 Questions

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Government Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    • A. 

      To increase the political rights of all citizens

    • B. 

      To create laws that focus on criminal rights

    • C. 

      The right to "ban" all evidence not obtained with a warrant

    • D. 

      The right to be treated fairly by government, law enforcement, and the courts

  • 2. 
    • A. 

      Being represented in court by an attorney

    • B. 

      Basic rights to life, liberty, and property

    • C. 

      Those rights outlined in the Fourteenth Amendment

    • D. 

      Those rights outlined in the First Amendment

  • 3. 
    Identify the best definition of substantive due process.
    • A. 

      The content of all laws must be fair and reasonable

    • B. 

      State and federal government must respect all laws

    • C. 

      All First Amendment laws must be specific

    • D. 

      The principles of the First Amendment require laws must be reasonable

  • 4. 
    • A. 

      It allowed state laws to discriminate against blacks

    • B. 

      It required state law to legally have separate laws for all minorities

    • C. 

      It required states to have separate facilities for blacks

    • D. 

      It required states to have separate facilities for black and females

  • 5. 
    • A. 

      A proposed law that has been submitted to either the House or Senate

    • B. 

      Proposed legislation that is supported by both houses of Congress

    • C. 

      Proposed legislation that is supported by all members of the House and Senate

    • D. 

      A proposed law submitted by citizens or a member of Congress

  • 6. 
    "Administration of a government chiefly through bureaus or departments staffed with nonelected officials." Identify the term which best describes the American Heritage definition.
    • A. 

      Executive branch

    • B. 

      Legislative branch

    • C. 

      Federalism

    • D. 

      Bureaucracy

  • 7. 
    In Article II, Section 2, of the US Constitution, "The President shall be Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, and of the Militia of the several States, when called into the actual Service of the United States."  As commander in chief, the president has the authority to place US military forces on alert and to authorize military force." What phrase best describes the power of the president as commander in chief?
    • A. 

      The president's control over the military is limited to the militia

    • B. 

      The president must have authority from congress to use military force

    • C. 

      The president is the highest-ranking person of all military forces

    • D. 

      Authorization of military force by the president must be approved by the Joint Chief of Staff

  • 8. 
    • A. 

      The passage of No Child Left Behind

    • B. 

      Missouri requiring helmets to ride a motorcycle through the state

    • C. 

      The federal government forcing states to set a standard speed limit on the interstate

    • D. 

      Revenue sharing of federal tax dollars

  • 9. 
    • A. 

      Specific powers that apply to each state

    • B. 

      Powers which are granted only to the Senate

    • C. 

      Powers which are granted only to the president and the Senate

    • D. 

      Powers not expressly stated but are inferred from stated powers

  • 10. 
    • A. 

      The power or authority to hear cases and make decisions

    • B. 

      Courts may choose if they want to hear a federal or state case

    • C. 

      They type of case a court will hear is based on where the court is located

    • D. 

      Federal courts will always have original jurisdiction over state law

  • 11. 
    Identify the best description of lobbying.
    • A. 

      A group or individual attempting to impact legislation by influencing legislators

    • B. 

      A group of individuals hired by a legislator to research a bill

    • C. 

      A group or individual hired by an organization to promote the common good

    • D. 

      Individuals, located in the halls of congress, who are hired to help congressmen

  • 12. 
    • A. 

      The first court to hear a case from a lower court

    • B. 

      The individual or group who first submits a case for litigation

    • C. 

      The authority of a court to initially hear a case

    • D. 

      The authority of a court to hold a trial

  • 13. 
    "The indirect veto of a bill received by the President within 10 days of the adjournment of Congress, effected by retaining the bill unsigned until Congress adjourns." Identify the term, which best fits, the above definition.
    • A. 

      Veto

    • B. 

      Pocket pardon

    • C. 

      Pocket veto

    • D. 

      Executive veto

  • 14. 
    • A. 

      Any form of segregation mandated by law

    • B. 

      Groups of individuals who choose to be separate from society

    • C. 

      Any form of segregation not mandated by law

    • D. 

      Groups of individuals who are separate from society because of local law

  • 15. 
    • A. 

      Political and social law that economically discriminate

    • B. 

      Nonviolent refusal to obey Federal laws that are believed to be unjust

    • C. 

      Nonviolent refusal to obey laws that are believed to be unjust

    • D. 

      Nonviolent refusal to obey laws ruled unconstitutional by the courts

  • 16. 
    • A. 

      The power of the state or federal government to take private land without the owner's consent

    • B. 

      The power of the federal government to take private land without the owner's consent

    • C. 

      The power of the state government to take private land without the owner's consent

    • D. 

      The taking of private land for public and nonfinancial use

  • 17. 
    • A. 

      An individual moving from one country to another

    • B. 

      An individual from one country applying for citizenship in another country

    • C. 

      The government from one nation asking a citizen to move to their country

    • D. 

      The movement of a citizen from one state to another

  • 18. 
    • A. 

      Sam Smith entered America and completed the naturalization exam

    • B. 

      Sam Smith immigrated to America, lived in France for two years, returned and passed the naturalization exam

    • C. 

      Sam Smith immigrated to America, completed residency, and passed the naturalization test

    • D. 

      Sam Smith immigrated to America, completed residency, passed the language and naturalization test

  • 19. 
    Identify a possible positive effect of the United Nations.
    • A. 

      Countries have a location to resolve disputes rather than going to war

    • B. 

      All member countries must resolve their disputes with the Security Council

    • C. 

      All member countries must follow the decision of the security council, thus preventing war

    • D. 

      Since its beginning in 1945, member nations have not had a military conflict

  • 20. 
    • A. 

      It prevents people who do not pay property and school tax from voting

    • B. 

      It ensures that the voting process will be efficient and quick

    • C. 

      It prevents a citizen from voting multiple times

    • D. 

      It guarantees only resident US citizens can vote

  • 21. 
    Irving Washington believes every citizen is entitled to change unjust laws and policies.  What term best describes his philosophy?
    • A. 

      Dissent

    • B. 

      Classical republicanism

    • C. 

      Social action

    • D. 

      Right violent dissent

  • 22. 
    • A. 

      A unicameral legislature based upon each state's population

    • B. 

      A bicameral legislature having veto power

    • C. 

      A bicameral legislature with each state having equal representation

    • D. 

      A unicameral legislature having judicial review

  • 23. 
    "This law created the Judicial Branch of the federal government.  Among the things provided for in the Act were: the number of members of the Supreme Court, number of district courts, the Supreme Court may settle disputes between states, and the decisions of the Supreme Court  were final." What term best matches the above definition?
    • A. 

      Article III, US Constitution

    • B. 

      Supremacy clause

    • C. 

      The Judiciary Act of 1789

    • D. 

      The Tenth Amendment, US Constitution

  • 24. 
    Identify the best definition of "ratify."
    • A. 

      To receive a 75 percent approval from congress

    • B. 

      To approve a presidential nomination

    • C. 

      To require senate approval before nominating an individual to the Supreme Court

    • D. 

      To confirm or approve

  • 25. 
    Identify the importance of Marbury vs. Madison.
    • A. 

      It established the Supreme Court's power of judicial review

    • B. 

      It established the Supreme Court's authority over state law

    • C. 

      It incorporated the rights of the Amendments into state law

    • D. 

      It forced state law to comply with federal law

  • 26. 
    "RIghts to personal liberty established by the 13th and 14th Amendments to the US Constitution and certain Congressional acts, especially as applied to an individual or a minority group." Read and analyze the above definition from dictionary.com.  Which term best summarizes this statement?
    • A. 

      Political Rights

    • B. 

      Civil Rights

    • C. 

      De facto social rights

    • D. 

      De facto social and political rights

  • 27. 
    " A process in which an individual may give up their citizenship or a naturalized citizen may have his/her citizenship taken away." Read and analyze the above definition.  What is the best term that fits the selection above?
    • A. 

      Denaturalization

    • B. 

      Naturalization

    • C. 

      Deportation

    • D. 

      Deportation of a native born citizen

  • 28. 
    • A. 

      The drive to take part in formal and informal activities within the community, state, and federal arenas

    • B. 

      To donate all of your land to the community, state, or federal government if it will benefit society

    • C. 

      Voting for a member of your political party even if you disagree with his/her position

    • D. 

      Voting party lines to ensure that the other party never wins

  • 29. 
    • A. 

      The rights included within the market system

    • B. 

      The process of being a better citizen by serving one's own interests

    • C. 

      All of the rights that allow you to make a living without government interference

    • D. 

      Most rights within the first ten Amendments which allow a citizen to earn a living, acquire property, buy and sell goods and services

  • 30. 
    • A. 

      Religious, political, economic

    • B. 

      Personal, political, economic

    • C. 

      Religious, personal, economic,

    • D. 

      Constitutional, political, economic