Froiland's Rocks And Minerals

57 Questions

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Rock And Mineral Quizzes & Trivia

This is a 8th grade test of rocks and minerals, scientific skills, archeology.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Sedimentary rocks that form from the remains of plants and/or animals are called __________.
    • A. 

  • 2. 
    What do we call the land part of our planet?
    • A. 

      Atmosphere

    • B. 

      Biosphere

    • C. 

      Hydrosphere

    • D. 

      Lithosphere

  • 3. 
    What do we call the gases that surround earth?
    • A. 

      Atmosphere

    • B. 

      Biosphere

    • C. 

      Hydrosphere

    • D. 

      Lithosphere

  • 4. 
    What do we call the water and ice of earth?
    • A. 

      Atmosphere

    • B. 

      Biosphere

    • C. 

      Hydrosphere

    • D. 

      Lithosphere

  • 5. 
    What do we call the living parts of Earth?
    • A. 

      Atmosphere

    • B. 

      Biosphere

    • C. 

      Hydrosphere

    • D. 

      Lithosphere

  • 6. 
    What is the center most part of earth called?
    • A. 

      Core

    • B. 

      Crust

    • C. 

      Mantle

  • 7. 
    What is the middle, molten layer of earth called?
    • A. 

      Core

    • B. 

      Crust

    • C. 

      Mantle

  • 8. 
    What is the outermost layer of the earth (part we live on)?
    • A. 

      Core

    • B. 

      Crust

    • C. 

      Mantle

  • 9. 
    What is a set of learned values, beliefs and behaviors of a society?
    • A. 

      Artifact

    • B. 

      Chronology

    • C. 

      Context

    • D. 

      Culture

    • E. 

      Evidence

  • 10. 
    Any object made or used by a human, is called a(n) ________________.
    • A. 

      Artifact

    • B. 

      Chronology

    • C. 

      Context

    • D. 

      Culture

    • E. 

      Evidence

  • 11. 
    Data which scientists use to prove a point, is ________________.
    • A. 

      Artifact

    • B. 

      Chronology

    • C. 

      Context

    • D. 

      Culture

    • E. 

      Evidence

  • 12. 
    ___________________ is the arrangement of events in the order they occurred.
    • A. 

      Artifact

    • B. 

      Chronology

    • C. 

      Context

    • D. 

      Culture

    • E. 

      Evidence

  • 13. 
    _______________ is the relationship artifacts have to one another and the situation in which they're found.
    • A. 

      Artifact

    • B. 

      Chronology

    • C. 

      Context

    • D. 

      Culture

    • E. 

      Evidence

  • 14. 
    An ancient garbage mound is a ______________.
    • A. 

      Flake

    • B. 

      Midden

    • C. 

      Sherd

    • D. 

      Subsistence

  • 15. 
    Tasks people perform to obtain food to live is known as _________________.
    • A. 

      Flake

    • B. 

      Midden

    • C. 

      Sherd

    • D. 

      Subsistence

  • 16. 
    ________________ is a broken piece of pottery.
    • A. 

      Flake

    • B. 

      Midden

    • C. 

      Sherd

    • D. 

      Subsistence

  • 17. 
    ______________ is a broken piece of an ancient rock tool.
    • A. 

      Flake

    • B. 

      Midden

    • C. 

      Sherd

    • D. 

      Subsistence

  • 18. 
    Property observed when looking at the color of a mineral.
    • A. 

      Cleavage

    • B. 

      Color

    • C. 

      Fracture

    • D. 

      Luster

    • E. 

      Streak

  • 19. 
    The color of the powder of a mineral.
    • A. 

      Cleavage

    • B. 

      Color

    • C. 

      Fracture

    • D. 

      Luster

    • E. 

      Streak

  • 20. 
    The way light reflects off a mineral.
    • A. 

      Cleavage

    • B. 

      Color

    • C. 

      Fracture

    • D. 

      Luster

    • E. 

      Streak

  • 21. 
    Minerals that have flat planes of breakage are said to have this property.
    • A. 

      Cleavage

    • B. 

      Color

    • C. 

      Fracture

    • D. 

      Luster

    • E. 

      Streak

  • 22. 
    Minerals that have curved or jagged surfaces of breakage are said to have this property.
    • A. 

      Cleavage

    • B. 

      Color

    • C. 

      Fracture

    • D. 

      Luster

    • E. 

      Streak

  • 23. 
    ___________ rocks are formed by the cooling of magma.
    • A. 

      Igneous

    • B. 

      Metamorphic

    • C. 

      Sedimentary

  • 24. 
    _____________ rocks are formed by the layering of sediment over time.
    • A. 

      Igneous

    • B. 

      Metamorphic

    • C. 

      Sedimentary

  • 25. 
    _____________ rocks are formed by changing already formed rocks with extreme heat and/or pressure.
    • A. 

      Igneous

    • B. 

      Metamorphic

    • C. 

      Sedimentary

  • 26. 
    ________________ is molten material inside the earth.
  • 27. 
    ______________ is the process rocks go through to be formed, destroyed, and remade.
  • 28. 
    Igneous rocks that cool on the earth's surface are called _________________.
  • 29. 
    Igneous rocks that cool inside the earth are called ________________.
  • 30. 
    Which of the following objects are not useful in finding a mineral's hardness?
    • A. 

      Fingernail

    • B. 

      Penny

    • C. 

      Steel nail

    • D. 

      Glass

    • E. 

      Unglazed tile

  • 31. 
    The softest mineral is ____________.
  • 32. 
    The hardest mineral is _____________.
  • 33. 
    Look at rock sample A. What type of rock is it?
    • A. 

      Igneous

    • B. 

      Metamorphic

    • C. 

      Sedimentary

  • 34. 
    Look at Rock Sample B.  What color is its streak?
  • 35. 
    Look at Rock Sample B.  How would you describe its texture?
  • 36. 
    Look at Rock Sample B.  Did this rock cool quickly or slowly?
    • A. 

      Quickly

    • B. 

      Slowly

  • 37. 
    Look at Rock Sample B.  What is this rock's luster?
    • A. 

      Dull

    • B. 

      Glassy

    • C. 

      Metallic

  • 38. 
    Which rock's density is most similar to popcorn?
    • A. 

      Limestone

    • B. 

      Pumice

    • C. 

      Rhyolite

    • D. 

      Talc

  • 39. 
    What type of texture results from, lava cooling rapidly?
    • A. 

      Fine-grained

    • B. 

      Coarse-grained

    • C. 

      Porphyritic

  • 40. 
    What type of texture results in magma cooling in two stages?
    • A. 

      Fine-grained

    • B. 

      Coarse-grained

    • C. 

      Porphyritic

  • 41. 
    What type of texture results in magma cooling slowly?
    • A. 

      Fine-grained

    • B. 

      Coarse-grained

    • C. 

      Porphyritic

  • 42. 
    Process in which dissolved minerals glue sediment together.
    • A. 

      Cementation

    • B. 

      Compaction

    • C. 

      Deposition

    • D. 

      Erosion

  • 43. 
    Process in which sediments are pressed together in layers.
    • A. 

      Cementation

    • B. 

      Compaction

    • C. 

      Deposition

    • D. 

      Erosion

  • 44. 
    Process in which water or wind loosen and carry away rock fragments.
    • A. 

      Cementation

    • B. 

      Compaction

    • C. 

      Deposition

    • D. 

      Erosion

  • 45. 
    Process in which sediments settle out of water or wind.
    • A. 

      Cementation

    • B. 

      Compaction

    • C. 

      Deposition

    • D. 

      Erosion

  • 46. 
    Name the sedimentary rock formed by the layering of dead, swampy plant material. _________
  • 47. 
    What type of sedimentary rocks are limestone and coal?
  • 48. 
    In what type of rocks do we find fossils? __________________
  • 49. 
    Look at The Rock Cycle Diagram, what does letter A represent?
  • 50. 
    Look at the Rock Cycle Diagram, what does letter B represent?
  • 51. 
    Look at the Rock Cycle Diagram, what does letter C represent?  
  • 52. 
    Another word for foliated would be ________________.
    • A. 

      Fine-grained

    • B. 

      Eroded

    • C. 

      Banded

    • D. 

      Compacted

  • 53. 
    Sedimentary rocks that form by compaction are called ____________________.
    • A. 

      Chemical

    • B. 

      Clastic

    • C. 

      Organic

  • 54. 
    Look at Diagram B.  Which rock layer is the oldest?
  • 55. 
    Look at Diagram B. What rock layer is the youngest?
  • 56. 
    Look at Diagram B.  What type of rock(igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic) is rock layer B?
  • 57. 
    What type of currents are responsible for the "stirring" of minerals in the magma of earth?
    • A. 

      Conduction

    • B. 

      Convection

    • C. 

      Radiation