Foundations Exam #2

30 Questions | Total Attempts: 56

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Fundamentals Of Nursing Quizzes & Trivia

ARCC-Cambridge Spring 11' Foundations of Nursing's Class Exam #2


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The elimination of urinary wastes affects all systems except...
    • A. 

      Cardiovascular

    • B. 

      Respiratory

    • C. 

      Digestive

    • D. 

      None, it affects them all

  • 2. 
    Patients with chronic kidneys disease are prone to _______ because the kidneys produce erythropoietin.
    • A. 

      UTI's

    • B. 

      Anemia

    • C. 

      Trichmoniasis

    • D. 

      DVT's in the abdominal area due to RBC blockage

  • 3. 
    The kidneys are responsible for producing a substance that converts vitamin D to it's active form. When a patient has chronic kidney disease, what are they prone to?
    • A. 

      Renal bone disease

    • B. 

      Inhibited calcium and phosphate regulation

    • C. 

      Mineralization deficiency

    • D. 

      Bone pain

  • 4. 
    Kidneys produce hormones that affect BP, how so? (Choose all that are true and apply)
    • A. 

      Kidneys produce Renin

    • B. 

      Renin converts into Angiotensin I

    • C. 

      Angiotensin I converts into Angiotensin II

    • D. 

      Angiotensin II converts into Aldosterone

    • E. 

      Where goes Aldosterone, so goes H2O

  • 5. 
    Symptoms of increased nitrogenous in the blood, fluid and electrolyte imbalances, N/V, head ache, coma, and convulsions are all seen in...
    • A. 

      Chronic Kidney diseases

    • B. 

      End Stage Renal Disease

    • C. 

      Uremic Syndrome

    • D. 

      Renal replacement therapies

  • 6. 
    There are many factors that influence the volume and quality of urine and the clients ability to urinate. Some of them are...
    • A. 

      Dehydration

    • B. 

      Prerenal

    • C. 

      Renal

    • D. 

      Postrenal

  • 7. 
    Conditions resulting in decreased blood flow to and through the kidney are considered...
    • A. 

      Postrenal

    • B. 

      Renal

    • C. 

      Prerenal

    • D. 

      Extremely dangerous

  • 8. 
    Obstruction in the ureters, bladder, or the urethra are considered...
    • A. 

      Renal

    • B. 

      Postrenal

    • C. 

      Prerenal

    • D. 

      Cutaneous

  • 9. 
    Conditions of the kidney's tissue are considered...
    • A. 

      Renal

    • B. 

      Postrenal

    • C. 

      Intrarenal

    • D. 

      Prerenal

  • 10. 
    Patients with Chronic Kidney Diseases eventually need aggressive therapy or renal replacement therapies such as dialysis and organ transplants.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    What are some things we as nurses have to be aware of when dealing with patients with kidneys disease? (choose all that apply)
    • A. 

      Organ rejection

    • B. 

      Electrolyte imbalances

    • C. 

      Nausea

    • D. 

      Vomiting

  • 12. 
    What are the types of renal replacement therapies called? (choose all that apply)
    • A. 

      Peritoneal dialysis

    • B. 

      Blood dialysis

    • C. 

      Hemodialysis

    • D. 

      Kidney dialysis

  • 13. 
    Mechanical dialysis is also called...
    • A. 

      Peritoneal dialysis

    • B. 

      Membrane dialysis

    • C. 

      Mechanical dialysis

    • D. 

      Hemodialysis

  • 14. 
    Patients on dialysis are at risk for...
    • A. 

      Infections

    • B. 

      Electrolyte imbalances

    • C. 

      Syncope

    • D. 

      Anemia

  • 15. 
    How does stress alter H2O absorption in the body? (choose all that apply)
    • A. 

      The response is to release ADH, increasing H2O reabsorption.

    • B. 

      The response is to release ADH, decreasing H2O reabosorption

    • C. 

      Causes aldosterone level to decrease leading to retention of NA and H2O.

    • D. 

      Causes aldosterone level to increase leading to retention of NA and H2O.

  • 16. 
    Anesthetics...
    • A. 

      Reduce urine output.

    • B. 

      Increase urine output.

    • C. 

      Have no effect on urine output

    • D. 

      Who cares about urine output!

  • 17. 
    Spinal anesthetics increase the risk of urinary retention by increasing the sensation to urge.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    A nephrotoxic drug like chemotherapy drugs are....
    • A. 

      Toxic to the nephrons of the brain.

    • B. 

      Completely safe and effective.

    • C. 

      Damaging to the kidneys.

    • D. 

      A drug that is considered Schedule 1 and extremely addictive.

  • 19. 
    Check all that are true
    • A. 

      Pyridium causes urine to be orange or rust colored

    • B. 

      Anticholinergics causes urine to be purple.

    • C. 

      Amitriptyline causes urine to be green or blue

    • D. 

      Levadopa turns urine brown or black

  • 20. 
    Anticholinergics or antihistamines can cause urinary retention.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    When a patient has urine retention, how do we get an estimate of the amount of urine in the bladder?
    • A. 

      Palpation

    • B. 

      Auscultation

    • C. 

      Percussion

    • D. 

      Bladder Scan

  • 22. 
    The most common HAI (health acquired infection) in the U.S. is...
    • A. 

      Bacterial

    • B. 

      UTI

    • C. 

      Viral

    • D. 

      From incisions during surgery.

  • 23. 
    Urinary incontinence that involves the urge to void that causes loss of urine before reaching appropriate receptacle that may include environmental barriers and sensory, cognitive, and mobility issues is called...
    • A. 

      Stress

    • B. 

      Functional

    • C. 

      Urge

    • D. 

      Reflex

    • E. 

      Mixed

  • 24. 
    Urinary incontinence that involves loss of urine with increased intraabdominal pressure in the absence of bladder muscle contraction is...
    • A. 

      Stress

    • B. 

      Urge

    • C. 

      Reflex

    • D. 

      Functional

    • E. 

      Mixed

  • 25. 
    Urinary incontinence that involves urinary urgency, often with frequency, bladder spasm or contraction is...
    • A. 

      Stress

    • B. 

      Functional

    • C. 

      Mixed

    • D. 

      Urge

    • E. 

      Reflex