Unit 4 Fk Final Exam

57 Questions | Total Attempts: 16

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Unit 4 Fk Final Exam - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Check off all the upper motor neuron syndromes 
    • A. 

      Loss of skilled movement

    • B. 

      Fasiculations

    • C. 

      Slowness

    • D. 

      Atrophy 

    • E. 

      Spasticitiy 

    • F. 

      Reduced or loss reflexes 

    • G. 

      Hyperflexia

    • H. 

      Weakness

    • I. 

      Babinski Reflex

    • J. 

      Clonus

    • K. 

      Reduced muscle tone

  • 2. 
    Check off all the lower motor neuron syndromes 
    • A. 

      Loss of skilled movement

    • B. 

      Fasiculations

    • C. 

      Slowness

    • D. 

      Atrophy 

    • E. 

      Spasticitiy 

    • F. 

      Reduced or loss reflexes 

    • G. 

      Hyperflexia

    • H. 

      Weakness

    • I. 

      Babinski Reflex

    • J. 

      Clonus

    • K. 

      Reduced muscle tone

  • 3. 
    Intrinsic Laryngeal Muscles control adduction, abduction, and tension/relaxation of the vocal folds 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    Extrinsic Laryngeal muscles have origin and insertion on laryngeal cartilages 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    Which cranial nerve innervates the muscles involved in adduction and abduction of the vocal folds
    • A. 

      Vagus

    • B. 

      Facial

    • C. 

      Trigeminal 

    • D. 

      Occipital 

  • 6. 
    What layers of the vocal folds make up the lamina propria?
    • A. 

      Epithelium

    • B. 

      Superficial 

    • C. 

      Intermediate

    • D. 

      Deep

    • E. 

      Muscle 

  • 7. 
    The epithelium and superficial layers of the vocal folds make up the transition 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    The body of the vocal fold is made up by 
    • A. 

      Epithelium layer

    • B. 

      Superficial Layer

    • C. 

      Intermediate Layer

    • D. 

      Deep Layer

    • E. 

      Vocalis Muscle 

  • 9. 
    Organic disorders are disorders from causes outside of the larynx, including psychiatric causes. These include muscle tension dysphonia (the MTDs) and psychiatric disorders like puberphonia. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    Inorganic voice disorders include muscle tension dysphonia (the MTDs) and psychiatric disorders like puberphonia. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    Choose all the anatomical characteristics of muscle tension dysphonia include 
    • A. 

      High-held larynx and tightly held base of tongue musculature

    • B. 

      Increased cricothyroid motion

    • C. 

      Low-held larynx with tightly held sternocleidomastoid muscles

    • D. 

      Loosely-held thyrohyoid membrane

  • 12. 
    • Deviant body posture and misuse of neck and shoulder muscles
    • High stress levels
    • Excessive voice use
    • Persistently loud voice use
    • Coughing/throat clearing
    • Laryngopharyngeal reflux disease
    The following factors contribute to 
  • 13. 
    Vocal Fold Nodules are localized, fluid-filled sac on the vocal fold, typically unilateral
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    What is a secondary stuttering behaviour ?
    • A. 

      Repetitions

    • B. 

      Eye blinking 

    • C. 

      Blocks

    • D. 

      Prolongations

  • 15. 
    Hypernasality and Nasal Air Emission are characteristics of 
    • A. 

      Hyperkinetic Dysarthria

    • B. 

      Spastic Dysarthria

    • C. 

      Ataxic Dysarthria 

    • D. 

      Apraxia of Speech

    • E. 

      Flaccid Dysarthria

    • F. 

      Hypokinetic Dysarthria

  • 16. 
    Jerky, irregular respiratory, Harsh Voice, and Low Pitch are all characteristics of
    • A. 

      Hyperkinetic Dysarthria

    • B. 

      Spastic Dysarthria

    • C. 

      Ataxic Dysarthria 

    • D. 

      Apraxia of Speech

    • E. 

      Flaccid Dysarthria

    • F. 

      Hypokinetic Dysarthria

  • 17. 
    Irregular Articulatory Breakdowns and Prolonged Phonemes are characteristics of
    • A. 

      Hyperkinetic Dysarthria

    • B. 

      Spastic Dysarthria

    • C. 

      Ataxic Dysarthria 

    • D. 

      Apraxia of Speech

    • E. 

      Flaccid Dysarthria

    • F. 

      Hypokinetic Dysarthria

  • 18. 
    Monopitch, mono loudness, and inappropriate silences are characteristics of
    • A. 

      Hyperkinetic Dysarthria

    • B. 

      Spastic Dysarthria

    • C. 

      Ataxic Dysarthria 

    • D. 

      Apraxia of Speech

    • E. 

      Flaccid Dysarthria

    • F. 

      Hypokinetic Dysarthria

  • 19. 
    Chorea, essential tremor, dystonia, and spasmodic dysphonia are characteristics of
    • A. 

      Hyperkinetic Dysarthria

    • B. 

      Spastic Dysarthria

    • C. 

      Ataxic Dysarthria 

    • D. 

      Apraxia of Speech

    • E. 

      Flaccid Dysarthria

    • F. 

      Hypokinetic Dysarthria

  • 20. 
    Effortful groping for correct articulatory postures is a characteristic of
    • A. 

      Hyperkinetic Dysarthria

    • B. 

      Spastic Dysarthria

    • C. 

      Ataxic Dysarthria 

    • D. 

      Apraxia of Speech

    • E. 

      Flaccid Dysarthria

    • F. 

      Hypokinetic Dysarthria

  • 21. 
    Select the Mechanisms of Airway Protection include 
    • A. 

      Vocal fold opening

    • B. 

      Epiglottic deflection

    • C. 

      Depression of aryepiglottic folds

    • D. 

      Anterior hyolaryngeal excursion

  • 22. 
    Deviant body posture, miscue of neck and shoulder muscles, high stress levels, excessive loud voice use, throat clearing, and reflux disease are all factors contributing to Muscle Tension Dysphonia 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    Vocal paralysis is a voice disorder associated with weakness
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    Chorea, Dystonia, Spasmodic Dysphonia, and Essential Tremor are lower motor neuron disorders 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    Advanced stuttering is defined as an ingrained pattern of core and secondary behaviours 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

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