Definition Of Lung Abscess

222 Questions | Total Attempts: 560

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Definition Of Lung Abscess

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    1.       During the early stages of a lung abscess, the pathological process is the same as that of:
    • A. 

      Pulmonary edema

    • B. 

      Bronchopulmonary dysplasia

    • C. 

      Pneumonia

    • D. 

      Pulmonary fibrosis

  • 2. 
    1.       If a patient with a lung abscess develops a cavity, this structure may also be called a/an:
    • A. 

      Calcification

    • B. 

      Abscissa

    • C. 

      Alveolar membrane

    • D. 

      Pyrogenic membrane

  • 3. 
    In response to the patient having a lung infection, how does the body respond?
    • A. 

      Polymorphonuclear leukocytes go to the area.

    • B. 

      Erythrocytes go to the area

    • C. 

      Surface goblet cells increase mucus production

    • D. 

      Metabolism is decreased

  • 4. 
      In severe cases of tissue necrosis related to an abscess, what can occur? 1.       Fluid ruptures in the bronchus 2.      Broncholithiasis occurs 3.       Bronchospasm will close off the affected bronchi                                                            4. Fluid ruptures into the intrapleural space.
    • A. 

      1.2

    • B. 

      1.4

    • C. 

      3.4

    • D. 

      1.2.3

  • 5. 
    Your patient has aspirated.  This can result in all of the following EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Fungal Pneumonia

    • B. 

      Anaerobic Pneumonia

    • C. 

      Chemical Pneumonitis

    • D. 

      Both B and C

  • 6. 
    Predisposing factors that frequently lead to the aspiration of gastrointestinal fluids (and anaerobes) are caused by: 1.       General anesthesia 2.       Head trauma 3.       Seizure disorder 4.       Alcoholic abuse
    • A. 

      1.2

    • B. 

      2.3.4

    • C. 

      1.2.3

    • D. 

      1.2.3.4

  • 7. 
      A patient who had a stroke is lying supine in bed when he vomits and aspirates.  He is most likely to develop a Lung abscess where? 1.       Posterior segments of the upper lobes 2.       Lingular segments 3.       Superior segments of the lower lobes 4.       All segments of both lower lobes
    • A. 

      4

    • B. 

      1.3

    • C. 

      2.3

    • D. 

      1.2.4

  • 8. 
    A patient with an abscess had coughed out a large volume of brown-colored, putrid sputum. What is the most likely cause?
    • A. 

      Fungi

    • B. 

      Viruses

    • C. 

      Aerobic bacteria

    • D. 

      Anaerobic bacteria

  • 9. 
    When  a lung abscess is seen on a chest radiograph, a distinguishing factor is the:
    • A. 

      Solid Mass

    • B. 

      Air Bronchograms

    • C. 

      Consolidation of the affected segment or lobe

    • D. 

      Air filled level in the cavity

  • 10. 
    Chest radiographic findings in a patient with a lung abscess include: 1.       Pleural effusion 2.       Fibrosis and calcification 3.       Hyperinflation 4.       Enlarged heart
    • A. 

      1.2

    • B. 

      2.3

    • C. 

      3.4

    • D. 

      1.2.3

  • 11. 
      Your patient has been found to have tuberculosis (TB) in several organs of the body. What term is used.
    • A. 

      Primary TB

    • B. 

      Postprimary TB

    • C. 

      Disseminated TB

    • D. 

      Multiorgan TB

  • 12. 
      Your patient has post primary TB. What are the major pathologic or structural changes associated with it? 1.       Cavity formation 2.       Laryngeal edema 3.       Dilated and distorted bronchi 4.       Fibrosis of lung parenchyma
    • A. 

      2.3

    • B. 

      3.4

    • C. 

      1.2.3

    • D. 

      1.3.4

  • 13. 
     A patient who has uncontrolled tuberculosis infection will show all of the following signs EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Weight loss

    • B. 

      High fever

    • C. 

      Bloody sputum

    • D. 

      Night sweats

  • 14. 
     A negative tuberculin test would be demonstrated by an induration (wheal) of what size?
    • A. 

      4mm or less

    • B. 

      6mm or less

    • C. 

      8mm or less

    • D. 

      10mm or less

  • 15. 
    The preferred stain that is used to identify the TB organism is called:
    • A. 

      Gram Stain

    • B. 

      Fluorescent acid fast stain

    • C. 

      Ziehl-Neelsen

    • D. 

      Gentian Violet

  • 16. 
    When a person has TB spead throughout the body, it is found in all of the following EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Upper lobes

    • B. 

      Kidneys

    • C. 

      Brain

    • D. 

      Lower lobes

  • 17. 
    What medication is used to treat a person who has converted to a positive TB skin test but does not have an active TB:
    • A. 

      Virazole

    • B. 

      Isoniazid

    • C. 

      Rifampin

    • D. 

      Tetracycline

  • 18. 
      Risk factors predisposing a person to TB include all of the following EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Having HIV/AIDS

    • B. 

      Being immunosuppressed

    • C. 

      African American or Hispanic heritage

    • D. 

      Malnutrition

  • 19. 
    Which of the following clinical manifestations that are associated with TB 1.       Dull percussion note 2.       Bronchospasm 3.       Hyperresonant percussion note  4. Crackles              
    • A. 

      1.4

    • B. 

      2.3

    • C. 

      1.2

    • D. 

      2.3.4

  • 20. 
      A patient with an advanced case of TB may have the following radiologic findings: 1.       Bronchial tumors 2.       Hyperlucent lung fields 3.       Retraction of lung segments 4.       Right sided heart failure
    • A. 

      2

    • B. 

      2.3

    • C. 

      3.4

    • D. 

      1.3.4

  • 21. 
    When a Patient has pneumonia, what would be found alveolar effusion fluids? 1.       Mucus 2.       Serous fluid 3.       Saliva 4.       Red blood cells
    • A. 

      1.3

    • B. 

      2.4

    • C. 

      2.3

    • D. 

      1.2.3.4

  • 22. 
    Your patient has bacterial pneumonia what kills the invading bacteria?
    • A. 

      Macrophage

    • B. 

      Red blood cells

    • C. 

      Polymorphonuclear leukocytes

    • D. 

      Serum fluid

  • 23. 
      Which of the following can cause pneumonia? 1.       Bacteria 2.       Viruses 3.       Prions 4.       Fungi
    • A. 

      1.2

    • B. 

      2.3

    • C. 

      1.2.4

    • D. 

      1.2.3.4

  • 24. 
    If a patient has pneumonia which  of the following can increase the risk of life threatening illness or death? 1.       Weakened immune system 2.       COPD 3.       Marlans syndrome 4.       Heart disease
    • A. 

      1.2

    • B. 

      2.4

    • C. 

      1.2.3

    • D. 

      1.2.4

  • 25. 
    Overall most cases of pneumonia are caused by:
    • A. 

      Viruses

    • B. 

      Gram-negative organism

    • C. 

      Protozoa

    • D. 

      Fungi

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