Final Exam Practice Quiz

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 35

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Biology Quizzes & Trivia

For the following questions choose the best answer based on what you have learned in biology lab this semester and your knowledge of biology.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The building blocks of DNA are known as________
    • A. 

      Enzymes

    • B. 

      Monomers

    • C. 

      Nucleotides

    • D. 

      Amino acids

  • 2. 
    Which of the following cut within DNA molecules at specific sequences causing an original and complementary strand of DNA?
    • A. 

      Restriction enzymes

    • B. 

      Ribosenucleic acid (RNA)

    • C. 

      Restriction substrates

    • D. 

      Ligase

  • 3. 
    What is an enzyme and what makes it so essential to the chemical processes carried out in an organism?
    • A. 

      A carbohydrate, glucose contained in them are essential to energy extraction for the organism.

    • B. 

      A protein, it speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction by lowering the activation energy needed.

    • C. 

      Fragment of DNA, replicates the genetic info of cells contained within an organism.

    • D. 

      An organelle, breaks down food taken in by phagocytosis.

  • 4. 
    Which enzyme was used in our lab and how was it able to convert its substrate into p-nitrophenol?
    • A. 

      DNA polymerase, it added nucleoside triphosphate to the substrate solution.

    • B. 

      Acid phosphatase, removed a phosphate group from substrate.

    • C. 

      Glucose, it was absorbed during phosphorylation and gave off p-nitrophenol.

    • D. 

      EcoR1, isolated the p-nitrophenol that was already present in the substrate.

  • 5. 
    Complementary substrates combine with a certain enzyme to form  _______________,  the enzyme then undergoes ______________?
    • A. 

      A carbohydrate-substrate complex / cellular division to replicate itself.

    • B. 

      A protein / an addition of peptide bonds to create an even larger macromolecule.

    • C. 

      A sporophyte / meiosis II

    • D. 

      A enzyme-substrate complex / a conformational structure change

  • 6. 
    What is photosynthesis?
    • A. 

      Cellular respiration where inorganic and organic molecules are converted to energy.

    • B. 

      A process where food is digested and then undergoes catabolic reactions for energy.

    • C. 

      Process by which autotrophs convert light energy to an organic form of chemical energy.

    • D. 

      Photosynthetic active radiated wavelengths.

  • 7. 
    Which of the following are light absorbing pigments that can be found in the leaf of a plant?
    • A. 

      Carotenoids

    • B. 

      Stomates

    • C. 

      Guard cells

    • D. 

      Light reactions

  • 8. 
    Where does the Calvin cycle take place within the leaf of a plant?
    • A. 

      The stroma of the chloroplast.

    • B. 

      Within the thylakoid of the chloroplast.

    • C. 

      WIthin RUBISCO enzyme in the leaf.

    • D. 

      The cytoplasm of the cells present in the leaf.

  • 9. 
    The life cycle of a cell is divided into two major phases. What are these two phases?
    • A. 

      Interphase and prophase

    • B. 

      Interphase and cell division

    • C. 

      Anaphase and telophase

    • D. 

      Prophase and cell division

  • 10. 
    In which stage of interphase is the DNA replicated?
    • A. 

      G1 phase

    • B. 

      G2 phase

    • C. 

      S phase

    • D. 

      Prometaphase

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