Fetal Face And Neck

33 Questions

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Face Quizzes & Trivia

OB/GYN


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What is the treatment for a patient with Supine Hypotensive Syndrome?
  • 2. 
    Check all that apply to the Symptoms of Supine Hypotensive Syndrome:
    • A. 

      Increased BP

    • B. 

      Dizziness

    • C. 

      Nausea

    • D. 

      Decreased BP

    • E. 

      Bradycardia

    • F. 

      Cool, moist, clammy skin

    • G. 

      Tachycardia

  • 3. 
    When a women is pregnant and is experiencing dizziness and a drop in blood pressure, caused when the patient is in a supine position and the weight of the uterus, fetus, placenta, and amniotic fluids compress the IVC, reducing the return of blood to the heart. This syndrome is known as ______  __________  _________.
  • 4. 
    Supine Hypotensive Syndrome can develop as early as the ______ trimester, but is maximal during the ______ trimester, 36 to 38 weeks.
  • 5. 
    The first time fetal movements are felt is known as __________.
  • 6. 
    This is used to estimate the gestational age of a fetus (24-34 weeks). It is the fundal height measurement, the distance from the symphysis pubis to the fundus. This is known as _________  ______.
  • 7. 
    The fetal kick count is ____ (#) movements within ___ hours (#).
  • 8. 
    In what plane can the upper lip and nares be visualized in?
  • 9. 
    Abnormal closeness of the eyes or a decreased distance between the eyes; associated with brain malformation is termed ___________.
  • 10. 
    An increased distance between the eyes (infants of diabetic mothers), is known as _____________.
  • 11. 
    Ocular biometry is helpful in identifying ________ and ________.
  • 12. 
    ___________ measurements is the distance between the lateral orbital rims (outer edge of left and right fetal eyes).
  • 13. 
    The coronal plane is a useful view in detecting ______  _______.  The tongue and the act of ________ may be studied as well.
  • 14. 
    The fetal profile, a midline sagittal view, is useful in verifying the _____ and ________ of the nose and chin.
  • 15. 
    _______  _______/_____ is among the most common of congenital malformations of the face.
  • 16. 
    This results from the lack of fusion of the maxillary prominence with the nasal prominence on one or both sides; usually occurring in the 7th week of development.
  • 17. 
    Degree of cleft lip varies, may be ________, ______; complete or incomplete.
  • 18. 
    2/3 of patients with cleft lip, will also have cleft palate.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    What is the term used to describe an enlarged tongue?
  • 20. 
    What is the most common cause of an enlarged tongue?
  • 21. 
    Macroglossia is a common condition.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    Beckwith- Wiedemann Syndrome is an ________ disorder, characterized by a classic triad: _______, ________. and _________.
  • 23. 
    Children with Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome are at high risk for _______ tumor, visceromegaly, and _________, which is enlargement of one side or part of the body.
  • 24. 
    Check all that apply to sono appearance of Beckwith- Wiedemann:
    • A. 

      Omphalocele

    • B. 

      Enlarged AC

    • C. 

      Enlarged kidneys & placenta

    • D. 

      Increased fluid

    • E. 

      Elevated AFP in presence of omphalocele

  • 25. 
    When examining the fetal neck, you check for continuity of the ______  _____ and the ____ that covers it.
  • 26. 
    A thickened nuchal fold is a marker or indicator for ______ syndrome.
  • 27. 
    A nuchal fold is the skin behind the ________ bone, that is found at the same level of the ___________.
  • 28. 
    The normal measurement of nuchal fold is less than or equal to ___mm after ____ weeks.
  • 29. 
    If a nuchal fold is 6mm or greater after 16 weeks, it may indicate _____  ________.
  • 30. 
    When measuring nuchal fold, the calipers are placed from outer _______ to outer _____ surface.
  • 31. 
    This is characterized as a hole in the palate caused by failure of palate to close during development. This is known as ______   ________.
  • 32. 
    Sonographically, cleft lip is characterized as an _______ region in the upper lip, _____ to midline extending to nostrils; usually scanned coronally.
  • 33. 
    Common associations of cleft palate/lip:
    • A. 

      Trisomy 13

    • B. 

      Anencephaly

    • C. 

      Holoprosencephaly