Falls Week Quiz

15 Questions

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Falls Week Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What role does an OT play in falls prevention?
    • A. 

      Assessing the home for potential hazards

    • B. 

      Providing modifications to make the home safer

    • C. 

      Providing an an exercise program

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 2. 
    Which of these classes of medications is NOT primarily associated with an increased risk of falls? 
    • A. 

      Benzodiazepines

    • B. 

      Opioids

    • C. 

      Proton pump inhibitors

    • D. 

      Beta-blockers

  • 3. 
    • A. 

      Firm back and cover with adjustable fastening, ankle support and non-slip sole

    • B. 

      Soft leather sole which is flexible

    • C. 

      Soft, cushioned material with a tight fit

    • D. 

      Loose footwear

    • E. 

      Shoes with high or block heels

  • 4. 
    Internal steps, rugs, and inadequate lighting can cause falls in the house.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    Older people are more susceptible to side-effects of medications because they: 
    • A. 

      Metabolise medications slower

    • B. 

      Are likely to have co-morbidities and/or disabilities

    • C. 

      Take more medications than the rest of the population

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 6. 
    What do you do if you feel dizzy when standing up in the morning? 
    • A. 

      Stay in bed. There is no need to get up.

    • B. 

      Sit up in the bed for a few minutes before standing up. Stand up for a minute before walking

    • C. 

      Get up quickly and walk around until you feel better.

    • D. 

      Its common, do nothing about it.

  • 7. 
    Do deficits in cognition increase the risk of a patient having a fall?
    • A. 

      Yes, but only if it is severe cognitive deficits.

    • B. 

      Yes, including those with only subtle cognitive deficits

    • C. 

      No, cognition does not effect mobility

    • D. 

      Not sure

  • 8. 
    Which of the following side-effects of anticholinergic medications is NOT primarily associated with an increased risk of falls? 
    • A. 

      Sedation

    • B. 

      Blurred Vision

    • C. 

      Confusion

    • D. 

      Dry mouth

  • 9. 
    Exercising on most days of the week can help prevent falls.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    Many falls are multifactorial in nature and linked to both patient specific and environmental risk factors. Which of the following are ALL risk factors?
    • A. 

      Age, sensory decline, reduced lower limb strength and comorbidity

    • B. 

      Family history of falls, reduced upper limb strength, comorbidity

    • C. 

      Age, comorbidity, reduced upper limb strength and nil deficits in cognition

    • D. 

      Sensory awareness, reduced lower limb strength, nil deficits in cognition

  • 11. 
    Which of the following medications would be the safest in regards to falls risk, to treat a patient with insomnia? 
    • A. 

      Temazepam

    • B. 

      Melatonin

    • C. 

      Zopiclone

    • D. 

      Nitrazepam

  • 12. 
    If you have poor balance what, strategies can be used to improve your walking?
    • A. 

      Walking aid. Example - walking stick or frame

    • B. 

      Lean on furniture / wall. They are everywhere.

    • C. 

      Stay in bed / chair. Why take the risk?

    • D. 

      Buy a mobility scooter

  • 13. 
    Who should be involved if a patient is a high falls risk?
    • A. 

      Nurses, Physiotherapist, Doctors

    • B. 

      Occupational Therapist, Pharmacist

    • C. 

      Carers

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 14. 
    The doctor on duty wants to give a patient a short-term benzodiazepine as the patient has not slept for a few days. Which one would be the safest in regards to falls (i.e which one has the shortest half-life)? 
    • A. 

      Temazepam

    • B. 

      Clonazepam

    • C. 

      Diazepam

    • D. 

      Nitrazepam

  • 15. 
    What are the most common risk factors for a fall?
    • A. 

      Inappropriate footwear

    • B. 

      Weak muscles & poor balance

    • C. 

      Consuming too much alcohol

    • D. 

      All of the above