How Much Do You Know About Earth & Universe? Quiz

25 Questions | Total Attempts: 37

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How Much Do You Know About Earth & Universe? Quiz

Scientists always tell us that the earth rotates on a daily basis and that must be keeping you wondering. The idea of the earth rotating is termed as circumnavigation that simply means to travel around somewhere or something and especially by sail. Test your knowledge on the earth and universe by taking this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Most of the matter present (over 98% as atoms in the universe consist of (think Periodic Table!):
    • A. 

      Oxygen and nitrogen

    • B. 

      Hydrogen and helium

    • C. 

      Oxygen and silicon

    • D. 

      Carbon and silicon

    • E. 

      Space

  • 2. 
    Which of the following kinds of rock forming minerals occur in the greatest abundance (95%) within the Earth's crust?
    • A. 

      Hydroxides

    • B. 

      Evaporites

    • C. 

      Oxides

    • D. 

      Carbonates

    • E. 

      Silicates

  • 3. 
    If a volcano has an intermediate composition, the most common igneous rock type you will find is:
    • A. 

      Basalt

    • B. 

      Gabbro

    • C. 

      Diorite

    • D. 

      Andesite

    • E. 

      Rhyolite

  • 4. 
    What kind of unconformity is illustrated ?
    • A. 

      Disconformity

    • B. 

      Nonconformity

    • C. 

      Layered unconformity

    • D. 

      Angular unconformity

    • E. 

      Folded unconformity

  • 5. 
    Volcanism associated with subduction zones is the result of:
    • A. 

      Plumes

    • B. 

      Decompression melting

    • C. 

      Dehydration melting

    • D. 

      Compression

  • 6. 
    The chain of volcanic islands known as the "ring of fire" (Japan, Philippines) around the western margin of the Pacific ocean is the result of:
    • A. 

      Subduction of oceanic crust and sediments

    • B. 

      Hot, dry forests

    • C. 

      Spicy food served in tat part of the world

    • D. 

      Spreading centers

    • E. 

      Plumes

  • 7. 
    A down-warped fold in which the limbs dip towards the axial plane is a:
    • A. 

      Syncline

    • B. 

      Anticline

    • C. 

      Monocline

    • D. 

      Dome

    • E. 

      Fault

  • 8. 
    The MOHO marks:
    • A. 

      One of the Three Stooges

    • B. 

      The change from liquid to solid within the core

    • C. 

      The change in density between the lithosphere and the mantle

    • D. 

      The change from solid to liquid across the mantle-core boundary

    • E. 

      The change in density from the crust to the mantle

  • 9. 
    Cratons are:
    • A. 

      Ancient continental cores that are basaltic in composition

    • B. 

      Ancient crystalline crust of overall silisic composition found in the cores of continents

    • C. 

      Mountain ranges found at the margins of continents

    • D. 

      Another name for oceanic crust

    • E. 

      Really crude dudes

  • 10. 
    An example of plates sliding past each other can be found at the:
    • A. 

      Wasatch Fault

    • B. 

      Andes

    • C. 

      Mid-Atlantic Ridge

    • D. 

      Eastern coast of North America

    • E. 

      San Andreas Fault

  • 11. 
    Characteristic of continental-continental collision is:
    • A. 

      A continental volcanic arc

    • B. 

      Backarc extension

    • C. 

      Blueschist and greenschist metamorphism

    • D. 

      The cessation of volcanism

  • 12. 
    Transform faults are the most common:
    • A. 

      In western California

    • B. 

      On continents

    • C. 

      Along oceanic ridges

    • D. 

      Around valcanoes

  • 13. 
    The western margin of South America is an excellent example of:
    • A. 

      A spreading center

    • B. 

      Subduction of oceanic crust under oceanic crust

    • C. 

      Subduction of oceanic crust under continental crust

    • D. 

      Collision of continental and continental crust

    • E. 

      A volcanic island arc setting

  • 14. 
    Oceanic crust present today in Earth's ocean basins is usually no older than
    • A. 

      100 million years

    • B. 

      200 million years

    • C. 

      500 million years

    • D. 

      1 billion years

    • E. 

      2 billion years

  • 15. 
    The Earth is thought (by geologists) to be about ____ years old.
    • A. 

      6,000

    • B. 

      400,000

    • C. 

      4.6 million

    • D. 

      1 billion

    • E. 

      4.6 billion

  • 16. 
    Continental crust is thicker and denser than oceanic crust.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    Most of the heat released from the Earth's core moves through the mantle by:
    • A. 

      Gravity

    • B. 

      Radiation

    • C. 

      Conduction

    • D. 

      Magnetism

    • E. 

      Convection

  • 18. 
    It is sometimes possible to get a radiometric isotope date in a sequence of sedimentary rocks if you can locate:
    • A. 

      Some ferromagnesian minerals in the sediments

    • B. 

      Some metamorphic rocks

    • C. 

      A volcanic ash bed

    • D. 

      Some good fossils

    • E. 

      A lake bed

  • 19. 
    Pyroxenes are:
    • A. 

      Framework silicates

    • B. 

      Single-chain silicates

    • C. 

      Double-chain silicates

    • D. 

      Ferromagnesian minerals

    • E. 

      B & D

  • 20. 
    Magnetic stripes recorded in the ocean crust provide evidence of:
    • A. 

      The formation of ocean crust at spreading centers

    • B. 

      Sea-floor spreading

    • C. 

      The reversal of the Earth's magnetic field

    • D. 

      The tremendously ancient age of oceanic crust

    • E. 

      A, B, and C

  • 21. 
    Earthquaked are most common (90%) at...? (most complete answer please)
    • A. 

      The San Andreaas fault system

    • B. 

      Plate boundaries

    • C. 

      Continental-continental collisions

    • D. 

      Depths greater than 600 km

    • E. 

      Normal faults

  • 22. 
    The metamorphism of what kind of rock produces marble?
    • A. 

      Sandstone

    • B. 

      Mudstone

    • C. 

      Shale

    • D. 

      Limestone

    • E. 

      Schist

  • 23. 
    Low grade metamorphism of sandstone will produce the nonfoliated metamorphic rock _____.
    • A. 

      Slate

    • B. 

      Gneiss

    • C. 

      Quartzite

    • D. 

      Hornfels

    • E. 

      Migmatite

  • 24. 
    Most of the volcanism in the world (thick of oceans), as well as most volcanic that form are the result of:
    • A. 

      Fissure eruption of basalts

    • B. 

      Composite volcanoes

    • C. 

      Cinder cones

    • D. 

      Shield volcanoes

    • E. 

      Lave domes

  • 25. 
    Temperatures in the Earth's core may approach those at the surface of the sun (4000*-8000* C).
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

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