Learn Everything About Epithelial Tissue! Trivia Quiz

23 Questions | Total Attempts: 77

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Learn Everything About Epithelial Tissue! Trivia Quiz

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following is the best definition of metabolism?
    • A. 

      The breakdown of nutrient molecules into smaller components

    • B. 

      The synthesis of new living material in the body

    • C. 

      The maintenance of a stable internal enviroment in the body

    • D. 

      The sum of all chemical reactions occuring in the body

    • E. 

      The passage of substances through a body membrane into a body fluid

  • 2. 
    Find the false statement below, if any, concerning catabolic metabolism:
    • A. 

      It involves the breakage of chemical bonds

    • B. 

      Larger molecules are broken down to form smaller ones

    • C. 

      This type of reaction is used in the breakdownof food molecules

    • D. 

      There is no net production of energy in the form of ATP

    • E. 

      There is no false statement above; a-d are all true of catabolic metabolism

  • 3. 
    Produce a brown/black pigment that protects the DNA of certain cells from UV radiation from the sun
    • A. 

      Mast Cell

    • B. 

      Mesenchymal cells

    • C. 

      Keratinocytes

    • D. 

      Melanocytes

    • E. 

      Phagocytes

  • 4. 
    Produce heparin and histamine during allergic or inflammatory responses
    • A. 

      Mesenchymal cells

    • B. 

      Mast cells

    • C. 

      Melanocytes

  • 5. 
    Find the false statement below, if any, concerning the aerobic respiration of glucose
    • A. 

      It requires O2 to conduct its reaction sequence

    • B. 

      Its end products are CO2, H2O and ATP

    • C. 

      It produces much less ATP than anaerobic respiration of glucose

    • D. 

      It occurs in the mitochondria of the cell

    • E. 

      There is no false statement above; a - d are all true of aerobic respiration

  • 6. 
    What are the final end products of anaerobic respiration of glucose
    • A. 

      Pyruvic acid and ATP

    • B. 

      Lactic acid and citric acid

    • C. 

      They are converted into cholesterol

    • D. 

      They are broken down into glucose

    • E. 

      They are broken down into amino acids

  • 7. 
    From where is lactic acid derived
    • A. 

      From the deamination process

    • B. 

      From Cholesterol breakdown during very strenuous exercise

    • C. 

      From excess glycogen synthesis

    • D. 

      From the rapid breakdown of fats

    • E. 

      From pyruvic acid, in the absence of O2

  • 8. 
    It acts as the genetic material containing instructions for synthesizing individual proteins
  • 9. 
    It acts as the site of protein synthesis; makes up a significant part of the structure of a ribosome
  • 10. 
    It gathers amino acids from the cytoplasm, and transports them to the ribosome for protein synthesis
  • 11. 
    What is transcription
    • A. 

      The process of protein synthesis from amino acids, at the ribosomes

    • B. 

      The process of copying the structure of DNA onto a new RNA molecule

    • C. 

      The process of copying the DNA molecules, so that there will be 2 copies for the next cell division

    • D. 

      The conversion of amino acids and fatty acids to glucose

    • E. 

      The division of the nuclear contents during mitosis

  • 12. 
    What is the best definition of an apocrine gland
    • A. 

      A gland that has no ducts, and secretes its product directly into the blood or other body fluids

    • B. 

      A gland that secretes its product onto a body surface, via a duct

    • C. 

      A gland that loses part of its cytoplasm as it secretes its product

    • D. 

      A gland that secretes its product by exocytosis; without loss of any cytoplasm

    • E. 

      A gland that secretes entire cells filled with its secretion product

  • 13. 
    An epithelial tissue composed of several layers of cube-shaped cells would be classified as
    • A. 

      Stratified cuboidal

    • B. 

      Simple squamous

    • C. 

      Stratified squamous

    • D. 

      Simple columnar

    • E. 

      Stratified columnar

  • 14. 
    Of the four main types of membranes in the body, which type forms membranes that eventually connect to the exterior of the body
    • A. 

      Synovial

    • B. 

      Serous

    • C. 

      Reticular

    • D. 

      Cutaneous

    • E. 

      Mucous

  • 15. 
    Which type of connective tissue fiber has high tensile strength; and can withstand pulling forces in structures such as tendons and ligaments
    • A. 

      Mesenchymal

    • B. 

      Elastic

    • C. 

      Phagocytic

    • D. 

      Reticular

    • E. 

      Collagenous

  • 16. 
    Which of the following is true of the differences between cartilage and bone
    • A. 

      Cartilage has an extensive ability to repair itself, while bone has a limited ability

    • B. 

      Cartilage has low O2 demands, while bone has high O2 demands

    • C. 

      The ground substance of cartilage contains onlu elastic fibers, while the ground substance of bone consists of magnewsium salts

    • D. 

      Cartilage has and extensive vascular (capillary) network, while bone does not

    • E. 

      None of the above; a-d are all false

  • 17. 
    Find the false statement below, if any, concerning elastic cartilage
    • A. 

      It makes up most of the embryonic skeleton

    • B. 

      Its matrix contains many elastic fibers and a ground substance

    • C. 

      It is found in the outer ear and the epiglottis

    • D. 

      It is specialized for stretching and flexibility

    • E. 

      There is no false statement above; a-d are all true of elastic cartilage

  • 18. 
    Find the false statement below, if any, concerning elastic cartilage
    • A. 

      It makes up most of the embryonic skeleton

    • B. 

      Its matrix contains many elastic fibers and a ground substance

    • C. 

      It is found in the outer ear and the epiglottis

    • D. 

      It is specialized for stretching and flexibility

    • E. 

      There is no false statement above; a-d are all true of elastic cartilage

  • 19. 
    Long term smoking often changes the pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium in the repiratory sustem to stratified squamous epithelium.  What are the likely physiological consequences of this change
    • A. 

      The epithelium would become stronger, and the trachea would be less susceptible to infection and injury

    • B. 

      The loss of cilia and mucous would make the respiratory system more susceptible to infection

    • C. 

      Since stratified squamous epithelium is so thin and delicate, the respiratory system would be much more susceptible to injury

    • D. 

      There would be a great decrease in the gas exchange area in the lungs, so the person would have trouble breathing

    • E. 

      The change in the type of epithelium is not significant, and would most likely have no effect on the respiratory system

  • 20. 
    Where is reticular connective tissue found in the body
    • A. 

      The bone marrow, and the walls of the spleen, liver and lymph nodes

    • B. 

      The walls of the urinary bladder, the arteries and the heart

    • C. 

      The dermis of the skin, between muscle bundles, and under most epithelial layers

    • D. 

      The tip of the nose, the auricle of the ear, and the epiglottis

    • E. 

      In the hypodermis, behind the eyeball, around the kidney, and between muscle bundles

  • 21. 
    Which of the following is true of sebaceous glands
    • A. 

      They usually empty their secretions into hair follicles

    • B. 

      They secrete a watery substance that helps rid the body of organic wastes

    • C. 

      They are a type of sweat gland

    • D. 

      They are activated by elevated body temperature

    • E. 

      None of the above; a-d are all false

  • 22. 
    One of the methods of heat loss through the skin involves the movement of heat from the warm surface of the skin into warmer air currents that are rising in the enviroment. This is called
    • A. 

      Covalence

    • B. 

      Evaporatioin

    • C. 

      Rediation

    • D. 

      Convection

    • E. 

      Conduction

  • 23. 
    All of the following would be part of the body's normal response to hyperthermia, except
    • A. 

      Vasodilation of the dermal blood vessels

    • B. 

      Reddening of the skin

    • C. 

      Vasodilation of the deep blood vessels

    • D. 

      Activation of the sweat glands

    • E. 

      A-d would all occur in reponse to hyperthermia

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