Human Body Quiz: Anatomy And Physiology

49 Questions | Total Attempts: 10403

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Human Body Quiz: Anatomy And Physiology

If you are practicing to become a medical practitioner, you need to have a proper understanding of human anatomy and physiology. Over this year you have been studying to ensure you pass the finals and as they draw even closer, it is essential to ensure you are ready. Take this practice test and see what you are in for when you get to the exam.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What is known as the study of the structure of body parts and how they relate to one another?
    • A. 

      Physiology

    • B. 

      Anatomy

    • C. 

      Biology

    • D. 

      Pharmacology

  • 2. 
    Physiology is the study of the structure of the body and does not relate to the function of the body parts.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    Systemic, regional, microscopic, and macroscopic are all subdivisions of anatomy.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    Cardiovascular physiology refers to the physiology of the lungs, heart, and blood vessels.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    The simplest level of structural organization is what?
    • A. 

      Cells

    • B. 

      Chemical

    • C. 

      Tissue

    • D. 

      Organ

  • 6. 
    Which of the following are true?
    • A. 

      Responsiveness or irritability is a response to the lymphatic system to pain.

    • B. 

      Movement may refer to the movement of foodstuffs through the intestines

    • C. 

      Maintaining boundaries includes the integumentary system that provides protection.

    • D. 

      All of the above.

    • E. 

      B & C

  • 7. 
    The endocrine system regulates growth, reproduction, and nutrient using hormones.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    The respiratory system involves keeping the blood supplied with nutrients and involves gas exchange.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    The digestive system includes the liver, oral cavity, and esophagus.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    The urinary system includes the liver, kidney, and bladder.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    Water makes up about 60 - 80 % of the human body weight.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    About 20% of the air we breathe is oxygen; we cannot survive long-term without oxygen, and oxidative chemical reactions require oxygen.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    Homeostasis refers to the balanced state the body continually strives to maintain due to constant change in the environment.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    The control center determines the setpoint, which is the range at which a variable is to be maintained.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    Negative feedback refers to the output, which shuts down the original effect to reduce the intensity of the mechanism from moving forward. Thus it moves in the opposite direction to maintain homeostasis.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    Terms that refer to the backside of the body include:
    • A. 

      Ventral: Dorsal

    • B. 

      Ventral: Proximal

    • C. 

      Distal: Superficial

    • D. 

      Dorsal: Posterior

  • 17. 
    Terms referring to away from the body surface; more internal.
    • A. 

      Ventral: Dorsal

    • B. 

      Distal: intermediate

    • C. 

      Deep: internal

    • D. 

      Distal: medial

  • 18. 
    Anything that occupies space and has mass is:
    • A. 

      Matter

    • B. 

      Cells

    • C. 

      Energy

    • D. 

      Solids

  • 19. 
    Protons make up the entire mass of the atom and hold a positive charge.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    The nucleus encompasses electrons, protons and neutrons.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    Energy can be kinetic or potential and may include these forms: mechanical, electrical, radiant, and electromagnetic.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    What elements besides H and N make up the bulk of living matter?
    • A. 

      Boron

    • B. 

      Oxygen

    • C. 

      Carbon

    • D. 

      A and B

    • E. 

      B and C

  • 23. 
    The energy used to transmit messages from one part of the body to another?
    • A. 

      Chemical

    • B. 

      Electromagnetic

    • C. 

      Electrical

    • D. 

      Mechanical

  • 24. 
    What other elements besides O, H, C, N compose biological molecules?
    • A. 

      Fe

    • B. 

      P

    • C. 

      S

    • D. 

      A and B

    • E. 

      B and C

  • 25. 
    Which of the following weak bond involve the interaction of hydrogen with an oxygen or nitrogen?
    • A. 

      Covalent bonds

    • B. 

      Hydrogen bonds

    • C. 

      Hydroxyl bonds

    • D. 

      Ionic bonds