Etymologyrules Pre-test

15 Questions

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Etymologyrules Pre-test

Welcome- this is is pre-test I created to help you determine your current knowledge of etymology. The following covers key terms and concepts that you will encounter throughout your etymological studies. Good luck.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The root of etymology indicates that we are studying the ___________ of words.
    • A. 

      Origin

    • B. 

      History

    • C. 

      True sense

    • D. 

      Meaning

  • 2. 
    An etymological approach to words would include studying
    • A. 

      The original meaning of words

    • B. 

      How words change in form over time (transliteration)

    • C. 

      How words change in meaning over time

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 3. 
    The original meaning of a word is called the ______________ meaning.
    • A. 

      Dictionary

    • B. 

      Denotative

    • C. 

      Connotative

    • D. 

      Contextual

  • 4. 
    The word consider means literally "with the stars", while today, it means to ponder about or over an idea.  The latter underlined definition is the __________________ meaning.
    • A. 

      Only

    • B. 

      Contextual

    • C. 

      Denotative

    • D. 

      Connotative

  • 5. 
    Sanskrit and Persian are both apart of the __________________ family of languages. 
    • A. 

      Turkic

    • B. 

      Dravidian

    • C. 

      Indo-European

    • D. 

      Semetic

  • 6. 
    Of the Indo-European family of languages, English is apart of which sub-group?
    • A. 

      Italic

    • B. 

      Germanic

    • C. 

      Celtic

    • D. 

      Baltic-Slavo

  • 7. 
    Based its etymological meaning, which of the following words does not belong:collect; apology; dyslexia; legal; law
    • A. 

      Collect

    • B. 

      Apology

    • C. 

      Dyslexia

    • D. 

      Legal

    • E. 

      Law

  • 8. 
    The word matrix is related to which of the following words below?
    • A. 

      Matriculate

    • B. 

      Matter

    • C. 

      Metro

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 9. 
    Etymologically speaking, which of the following words is related to Constitution?
    • A. 

      Staple

    • B. 

      Steak

    • C. 

      Stench

    • D. 

      All the above

  • 10. 
    The word meat originally referred to food; today, it refers to the "edible flesh of mammals or poultry".  The change in meaning is an example of __________________.
    • A. 

      Restriction/narrowing

    • B. 

      Generalization/expanding

    • C. 

      Transfer of meaning

    • D. 

      Clipping

  • 11. 
    A butcher originally referred to a person that slew goats (as bouc is French for 'goat').  Today, a butcher may slaughter steers, sheep, and other mammals.  The change in meaning is an example of _______________.
    • A. 

      Restriction/narrowing

    • B. 

      Generalization/expanding

    • C. 

      Transfer of meaning

    • D. 

      Clipping

  • 12. 
    The word pagan originally referred to one who lives on and works the land (i.e. a farmer); today, it refers to one that is not a Christian.  This change in meaning is an example of _______________.
    • A. 

      Restriction/limiting

    • B. 

      Generalization/expanding

    • C. 

      Transfer of meaning

    • D. 

      Clipping

  • 13. 
    The word hoax comes from the term "hocus pocus"; this is an example of _____________ words. 
    • A. 

      Restricting/limiting

    • B. 

      Generalizing/expanding

    • C. 

      Transferring the meaning

    • D. 

      Clipping

  • 14. 
    Words used in law tend to refer to etymological, original meanings over modern-day meanings.  
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    Why is etymology important?  Isn't it just old meanings that don't apply today anyway?  What is the benefit of one studying etymology?