Environment Final Test Quiz

168 Questions | Total Attempts: 140

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Environment Final Test Quiz - Quiz

2010 final for berk ayranci test


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Throughout history, the human population..
    • A. 

      Grew continuously as a result of the passion of love.

    • B. 

      Has been in steady-state.

    • C. 

      Was constant in its growth.

    • D. 

      Has always grown as rapidly as today.

    • E. 

      Mostly increased, but included some decreases most notably during the Black Death.

  • 2. 
    When did the most dramatic increase in the history of the human population occur?
    • A. 

      During the middle ages

    • B. 

      Human population has increased on a steady rate

    • C. 

      In the early history of the human population

    • D. 

      In the last part of the 20th century

    • E. 

      During the French Revolution

  • 3. 
    Use of groundwater at a rate faster than it is naturally re-supplied:
    • A. 

      Wetlands

    • B. 

      Overdraft

    • C. 

      Water budget

    • D. 

      Variable-source approach

    • E. 

      Influent streams

  • 4. 
    What is an aquifer?
    • A. 

      A zone of hot, pressurized groundwater

    • B. 

      A rock that holds and transmits water

    • C. 

      The area of a drainage basin which recharges water into the system

    • D. 

      A canal or system to transport water over long distance

    • E. 

      A rock in which permeability is low.

  • 5. 
    "Instream use" refers to:
    • A. 

      Use for agricultural purposes

    • B. 

      Evaporation during transport in pipes or canals

    • C. 

      Uses of the river or lake itself, without removing water

    • D. 

      Water removed from a river and eventually returned to the river

    • E. 

      Use by cities or agricultural in the close vicinity of the river

  • 6. 
    Which of the following is or are example(s) of offstream use of water from a river?
    • A. 

      Water used to supply a nearby city.

    • B. 

      Agricultural irrigation on the banks of a river.

    • C. 

      Water used to cool a nuclear power plant.

    • D. 

      Water from a sewage treatment plant that is returned to the river.

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 7. 
    Channelized streams have reduced wildlife because of which of the following characteristics? 
    • A. 

      Excessive daily and seasonal variation in water temperature.

    • B. 

      Increased leaf material input.

    • C. 

      Low stream velocity.

    • D. 

      Excessive shading.

    • E. 

      Aesthetic degradation.

  • 8. 
    According to the Environmental Science textbook, the Colorado River is noteworthy because : 
    • A. 

      It is the last of the pristine and unharnessed rivers of the American West.

    • B. 

      It supplies water to a large portion of the arid southwestern US

    • C. 

      It is far from video games

    • D. 

      Its natural regularity and steadiness of flow make it a model for flood control projects on other rivers.

    • E. 

      The river is the last underutilized source of water west of the Rocky Mountains.

  • 9. 
    Adverse environmental effects of channelization include all of the following except:
    • A. 

      Aesthetic degradation

    • B. 

      Increased flood hazard along channelized segments of streams

    • C. 

      A less diverse range of habitats for aquatic species

    • D. 

      Loss of riparian vegetation

    • E. 

      Loss of wetlands

  • 10. 
    99% of the earth's water is unavailable or unsuitable for human use because:I: of its salinityII: it is pollutedIII: it lies in inaccessible areas
    • A. 

      I only

    • B. 

      II only

    • C. 

      I and II

    • D. 

      I and III

    • E. 

      I, II, III

  • 11. 
    In the US, the single sector which consumes the greatest portion of water supplies is:
    • A. 

      Waste disposal

    • B. 

      Agriculture

    • C. 

      Municipal water use

    • D. 

      Industry

    • E. 

      Electric power plants

  • 12. 
    Hydroelectric power generation on a river is and example of:
    • A. 

      Consumptive use

    • B. 

      Geothermal energy

    • C. 

      Instream use

    • D. 

      Industry

    • E. 

      Electric power plants

  • 13. 
    All of the following are improvements or additions to agriculture that would increase the efficiency of water use and the quality of runoff except:
    • A. 

      Increased use of fertilizer and pesticides

    • B. 

      Use of moisture sensors to prevent over-watering

    • C. 

      Metering(measurment) of water usuage

    • D. 

      Restoration of stream and river ecosystems

    • E. 

      More drip irrigation and less flood irrigation

  • 14. 
    A specific location where pollution is introduced in to surface water or groundwater:
    • A. 

      Secondary treatment

    • B. 

      Acid mine drainage

    • C. 

      Fecal coliform bacteria

    • D. 

      Point source

    • E. 

      Crptosporidium

  • 15. 
    Step in wastewater purification in which organic material is consumed by bacteria:
    • A. 

      Secondary treatment

    • B. 

      Acid mine drainage

    • C. 

      Fecal coliform bacteria

    • D. 

      Point source

    • E. 

      Cryptospordium

  • 16. 
    The principle advantage of using wetlands for wastewater treatment is:
    • A. 

      The method eliminates the production of methane, which contributes to global warming

    • B. 

      It replaces all need for a centralized wastewater treatment facility

    • C. 

      The resulting water exceeds all drinking water standards

    • D. 

      A natural ecosystem replaces industrial methods for secondary and advanced treatment

    • E. 

      It removes dioxin and other pollutants in the sediment of the wetland

  • 17. 
    Long Island, NY has a large population. Which of the following is not one of the threats to Long Island groundwater?
    • A. 

      Saltwater intrusion

    • B. 

      Discharge from household septic tanks

    • C. 

      High-level nuclear waste disposal

    • D. 

      Infiltration of salt used to de-ice winter roads

    • E. 

      Leachate from solid waste disposal sites

  • 18. 
    The best definition of the term "water pollution"
    • A. 

      Water unsuitable for human consumption

    • B. 

      Degradation of water quality

    • C. 

      Release of primary treated sewage into natural waters

    • D. 

      Over-drafting in coastal areas

    • E. 

      Uncontrolled dumping of toxic industrial waste

  • 19. 
    The common test for the potential for disease transmission in water is:
    • A. 

      Measurements of LDC

    • B. 

      Measurement of the biological oxygen demand

    • C. 

      Presence of coliform bacteria

    • D. 

      Total dissolved solids

    • E. 

      Presence of cholera bacteria

  • 20. 
    A septic tank:
    • A. 

      Stores human waste until it is emptied, for use where no sewage system is available

    • B. 

      Is a tank used to collect and treat drinking water

    • C. 

      Is a hermetically sealed contain for storage of food

    • D. 

      Is a tank in a sewage plant where chlorination of wastewater takes place

    • E. 

      Treats wastewater in rural households

  • 21. 
    ACcording to the Environmental Science text, what is the most critical water pollution problem in the world?
    • A. 

      Industrial effluent

    • B. 

      Sediment polluted waters

    • C. 

      Lack of clean, disease free drinking water

    • D. 

      Municipal sewage

    • E. 

      Thermal pollution

  • 22. 
    Massive and rapid algae growth is stimulated by the addition of ___to surface water bodies.
    • A. 

      Leachate

    • B. 

      Nitrogen and phosphorus

    • C. 

      Toxic chemicals

    • D. 

      Oxygen and carbon dioxide

    • E. 

      Aerobic bacteria

  • 23. 
    What is the most easily accessible supply of fresh water in most locations around the world?
    • A. 

      Drinking water

    • B. 

      Treated wastewater

    • C. 

      Surface water

    • D. 

      Groundwater

    • E. 

      Ocean water

  • 24. 
    By weight, the most abundant water pollutant is:
    • A. 

      Leachate from open dumps

    • B. 

      Heavy metals

    • C. 

      Sediment

    • D. 

      Organic waste

    • E. 

      Toxic chemicals

  • 25. 
    What is cultural eutrophication?
    • A. 

      Addition of fecal coliform bacteria to a body of water

    • B. 

      Active decomposition of dissolved oxygen

    • C. 

      Decay of cultural or moral standards

    • D. 

      Anthropogenic addition of nutrients to a body of water

    • E. 

      Large scale oil spills in environmentally sensitive areas

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