Quizzes About Health

134 Questions | Total Attempts: 519

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Quizzes About Health

In the world today people are becoming more conscious about their health, and this is due to the increase in lifestyle diseases. As a medical practitioner you should be able to notice where the health of a regular patient is at risk and take precautionary measures to nurse them back to health. Give this health quiz a try and see how high you score.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A client has had a recent myocardial infarction involving the left ventricle. Which assessment finding is expected?
    • A. 

      Faint S1 and S2 sounds on auscultation

    • B. 

      Decreased cardiac output

    • C. 

      Increased blood pressure

    • D. 

      Increased strength of peripheral pulses

  • 2. 
    A client with a stenotic mitral valve has presented to the clinic for further evaluation. Which intervention is the highest priority?
    • A. 

      Assessment of blood pressure

    • B. 

      Assessment of heart rate

    • C. 

      Intravenous fluids

    • D. 

      Administration of digoxin

  • 3. 
    What assessment finding will the nurse expect as the client’s mean arterial blood pressure decreases below 60 mm Hg?
    • A. 

      Increased cardiac output

    • B. 

      Hypertension

    • C. 

      Chest pain

    • D. 

      Decreased heart rate

  • 4. 
    A client’s heart rate and rhythm is regular. What does the nurse assume from this finding?
    • A. 

      The coronary arteries have no atherosclerosis.

    • B. 

      Blood pressure is stable.

    • C. 

      Conductivity of the cells in the heart is normal.

    • D. 

      Automaticity of the cells in the conduction system is normal.

  • 5. 
    The client presents with a heart rate of 40 beats/min. The nurse expects that an electrophysiological study may determine an alteration in which structure?
    • A. 

      Sinoatrial (SA) node

    • B. 

      Bachmann’s bundle

    • C. 

      Bundle of His

    • D. 

      Purkinje fibers

  • 6. 
    A client brought to the emergency room following a myocardial infarction is found to be hypotensive. Which compensatory change is expected as a result of baroreceptor stimulation?
    • A. 

      Increased heart rate

    • B. 

      Vasodilation

    • C. 

      Hypoxemia

    • D. 

      Decreased respiratory rate

  • 7. 
    A client with a history of having several myocardial infarctions has excessive filling of the ventricles as a result. Which physiologic response will the nurse expect to see in this client?
    • A. 

      Decreased cardiac output

    • B. 

      Increased blood pressure

    • C. 

      Increased pulse pressure

    • D. 

      Increased mean arterial pressure

  • 8. 
    A client’s heart disease has resulted in a reduction of stroke volume. Which compensatory mechanism is expected?
    • A. 

      Increased blood pressure

    • B. 

      Decreased mean arterial pressure

    • C. 

      Increased heart rate

    • D. 

      Decreased respiratory rate

  • 9. 
    The nurse has administered a drug that causes vasoconstriction. Which finding indicates an expected response?
    • A. 

      Increased diastolic blood pressure

    • B. 

      Decreased heart rate

    • C. 

      Increased systolic blood pressure

    • D. 

      Increased mean arterial pressure

  • 10. 
    The client is being given a drug that blocks the action of the sympathetic nervous system. Which assessment finding does the nurse expect?
    • A. 

      Increased blood pressure

    • B. 

      Increased heart rate

    • C. 

      Increased cardiac output

    • D. 

      Decreased heart rate

  • 11. 
    Which client does the nurse determine is at high risk for cardiovascular disease?
    • A. 

      Older adult with asthma

    • B. 

      Asian-American woman with breast cancer

    • C. 

      Middle-aged African-American man with diabetes mellitus

    • D. 

      Postmenopausal woman on estrogen hormone replacement therapy

  • 12. 
    Which illness in the client’s history would alert the nurse to the possibility of an abnormality of the heart valves?
    • A. 

      Tuberculosis

    • B. 

      Recurrent viral pneumonia

    • C. 

      Rheumatic fever

    • D. 

      Asthma

  • 13. 
    A nurse is performing an admission assessment on an older adult client with multiple chronic diseases. The nurse finds the heart rate to be 48 beats/min. What will the nurse do first?
    • A. 

      Document the finding as normal.

    • B. 

      Evaluate the client for a pulse deficit.

    • C. 

      Assess the client’s medications.

    • D. 

      Administer atropine.

  • 14. 
    Which client is most at risk for cardiovascular disease?
    • A. 

      A woman on hormone replacement therapy

    • B. 

      A woman who has never been pregnant

    • C. 

      A woman with elevated HDL (high-density lipoprotein) levels

    • D. 

      A woman with abdominal obesity

  • 15. 
    Which client is most at risk for peripheral vascular disease?
    • A. 

      A middle-aged man who smokes

    • B. 

      A middle-aged woman with a sedentary lifestyle

    • C. 

      An older man who is moderately obese

    • D. 

      A young adult with family history of coronary artery disease

  • 16. 
    Which client statement alerts the nurse to the occurrence of heart failure?
    • A. 

      “I get short of breath when I climb stairs.”

    • B. 

      “I see halos floating by.”

    • C. 

      “I have trouble remembering things.”

    • D. 

      “I have lost my appetite”.

  • 17. 
    Which statement made by a client would alert the nurse to the presence of edema?
    • A. 

      “I wake up to go to the bathroom at night.”

    • B. 

      “My shoes fit tighter by the end of the day.”

    • C. 

      “I seem to feel more anxious lately.”

    • D. 

      “I drink at least eight full glasses of water a day.”

  • 18. 
    A client has been diagnosed as having New York Heart Association Class I functional status. What will the nurse teach the client?
    • A. 

      “You have no limitations on ordinary physical activity.”

    • B. 

      “The discomfort you experience may occur with ordinary physical activity.”

    • C. 

      “You will not be able to do more than simple activity.”

    • D. 

      “The discomfort you have may be present even at rest.”

  • 19. 
    Which assessment finding indicates arterial insufficiency?
    • A. 

      Dependent edema

    • B. 

      Dependent rubor

    • C. 

      Bluish discoloration of the toes

    • D. 

      Clubbing of the fingers

  • 20. 
    The nurse determines that the client has clubbing. Which is the best intervention?
    • A. 

      Calling the health care provider

    • B. 

      Assessing capillary refill

    • C. 

      Assessing the client’s pulse oxygen level

    • D. 

      Monitoring the client’s heart rate

  • 21. 
    The client’s blood pressure is 134/88 mm Hg. Which is the nurse’s best intervention?
    • A. 

      Calling the health care provider because this is severe hypertension

    • B. 

      Reassessing the blood pressure in 1 month because this is stage 2 hypertension

    • C. 

      Reassessing the client’s blood pressure at the next yearly physical

    • D. 

      Teaching the client lifestyle modifications to decrease the blood pressure

  • 22. 
    The nurse assesses the client’s cardiac status. Which finding requires immediate intervention?
    • A. 

      Swishing sound heard on either side of the neck

    • B. 

      Bounding pulses

    • C. 

      Pulse rate of 90 beats/min

    • D. 

      Blood pressure of 140/90 mm Hg

  • 23. 
    A client consistently reports feeling dizzy and lightheaded when moving from a supine position to a sitting position. Which assessment takes priority at this time?
    • A. 

      Pulse oximetry

    • B. 

      Blood pressure

    • C. 

      Respiratory rate

    • D. 

      Neurologic evaluation

  • 24. 
    • A. 

      With the client in a supine position at a 45-degree angle, compress the upper right abdomen for 30 to 40 seconds and observe for neck vein distention.

    • B. 

      Measure the blood pressure in both upper arms. The arm with the highest pressure should be used for blood pressure measurement thereafter.

    • C. 

      Apply the bell of the stethoscope over the skin of the carotid artery while the client holds his or her breath.

    • D. 

      With the client in the supine position, inspect the chest for prominent precordial pulsations.

  • 25. 
    Which technique will the nurse use to auscultate the second heart sound?
    • A. 

      Bell of the stethoscope at the base of the heart

    • B. 

      Diaphragm of the stethoscope at the base of the heart

    • C. 

      Bell of the stethoscope at the left sternal border of the heart

    • D. 

      Diaphragm of the stethoscope at the left sternal border of the heart