Endocrine And Lymphatic/Immune Systems

28 Questions | Total Attempts: 201

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Endocrine And Lymphatic/Immune Systems

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Hormones are secreted by __________.
    • A. 

      Target organs

    • B. 

      Exocrine glands

    • C. 

      Endocrine glands

    • D. 

      Fluid imbalances

  • 2. 
    Which of the following is NOT an example of an endocrine gland?
    • A. 

      Parathyroid gland

    • B. 

      Sebaceous gland

    • C. 

      Adrenal medulla

    • D. 

      Pituitary gland

  • 3. 
    The posterior pituitary gland produces which of the following hormones?
    • A. 

      Oxytoxin

    • B. 

      Aldosterone

    • C. 

      Calcitonin

    • D. 

      Antidiuretic hormone

  • 4. 
    The two major types of structures in the lymphatic system are __________ and __________.
    • A. 

      Lymph nodes; lymph nodules

    • B. 

      Lymphatic vessels; lymphatic tissue

    • C. 

      Interstitial fluid; lymph

    • D. 

      The spleen; the thymus

  • 5. 
    Where does lymph reenter the bloodstream?
  • 6. 
    The tonsils are lymph nodules located in the pharynx.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    Where are the Peyer's patches located?
    • A. 

      The spleen

    • B. 

      The large intestine

    • C. 

      The small intestine

    • D. 

      The colon

  • 8. 
    What is the function of the spleen?
    • A. 

      Produces T cells and B cells

    • B. 

      Produces lymphocytes and contains macrophages that removes old RBCs

    • C. 

      Triggers immune response before pathogen enters bloodstream

  • 9. 
    What immune response is shown in the diagram below?
    • A. 

      Cell-mediated response

    • B. 

      Antibody-mediated response

  • 10. 
    Which kind of lymphocyte is produced in bone marrow but finishes its maturation in the thymus?
    • A. 

      B cells

    • B. 

      T cells

  • 11. 
    Passive immunity is provided by the production of antibodies after exposure to a foreign antigen.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    Antibodies are also known as __________?
  • 13. 
    What are the general functions of the hormone, cortisol?
    • A. 

      Stimulates the conversion of glycogen into glucose, increases the use of fats and excess amino acids for energy

    • B. 

      Decreases the release of calcium and phosphate from the bones to the blood

    • C. 

      Stimulates corticosteroid production by the adrenal cortex

    • D. 

      Increases use of fats and excess amino acids for energy, decreases use of glucose for energy for non-brain cells, anti-inflammatory

  • 14. 
    What hormone is responsible for increasing the rate of mitosis, amino acid transport into cells, rate of protein synthesis, and use of fats for energy?
  • 15. 
    Calcitonin is an antagonist to parathyroid hormone.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    Secretion of glucagon is stimulated by __________?
    • A. 

      Hyperglycemia

    • B. 

      Hypoglycemia

    • C. 

      Hypercalcemia

    • D. 

      Hypocalcemia

  • 17. 
    What endocrine gland is shown below?
  • 18. 
    Locally acting hormone-like substances that are involved in things such as inflammation, blood clotting, and pain mechanisms are called __________?
  • 19. 
    What is the name of the second messenger in the mechanism of hormone action that stimulates a cellular response to the hormone?
  • 20. 
    For the most part, the endocrine system generally continues to function adequately in old age.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    Graves' disease, an autoimmune disorder, causes __________?
    • A. 

      Hyperparathyroidism

    • B. 

      Hypoparathyroidism

    • C. 

      Hyperthyroidism

    • D. 

      Hypothyroidism

  • 22. 
    What is a common effect of aging on the lymphatic system?
    • A. 

      Increased susceptibility to infections

    • B. 

      Decreased efficiency of immune responses

    • C. 

      Increased risk of developing autoimmune disorders

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 23. 
    An example of immediate hypersensitivity is __________?
    • A. 

      Rheumatoid arthritis

    • B. 

      Asthma

    • C. 

      A skin reaction that develops over several days

    • D. 

      AIDS

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