Each was given 40 acres of land and a mule by the Union government.
All were immediately granted political equality by the Emancipation Proclamation.
The majority entered sharecropping arrangements with former masters or other nearby planters.
They were required to pass a literacy test before being granted United States citizenship.
They supported the passage of Black Codes to ensure their economic and political rights.
Blocking the expansion of the Soviet Union’s influence
Curbing United States foreign investment to limit involvement in world conflict
Liberating Eastern Europe from communism
Destabilizing the Soviet Union
Dividing Germany into zones administered by the United States, Britain, and the Soviet Union
Secure a refuge for the persecuted
Check the growth of English colonies in North America
Expand their commercial and mercantile network
Gain colonies to produce agricultural surpluses
Secure naval supplies
Acknowledged the legitimacy of the Mexican government’s claim to Texas
Feared that debate over the admission of Texas would ignite controversy about slavery
Was ideologically opposed to territorial expansion
Could find no support within his own party for admitting Texas
Believed that admitting Texas would violate international law
The southern colonies only
The middle and southern colonies only
The tobacco- and rice- growing colonies only
All the colonies except Pennsylvania and the New England colonies
All the colonies
Freed African Americans from the South
Investigate and report cases involving discrimination
Issue writs to enforce its decisions after a hearing
Initiate court cases to challenge gender discrimination
Fine employers found guilty of discriminatory hiring practices
Grant monetary awards to victims of discrimination
Jim Crow segregation and its effect on African Americans
The plight of Great Plains farmers in the 1890’s
Immigrant urban poverty and despair in the 1890’s
The corrupton in city political machines in the 1890’s
The rise of industrial capitalists in the late nineteenth century
Strengthen traditional tribal authority
Relocate all American Indians to the Oklahoma territory
Encourage American Indian emigration to Canada
Encourage American Indians to preserve their languages and religions
Break up tribal landholdings
Congress could abolish slavery at will.
National legislation could not limit the spread of slavery in the territories.
(A) Congress could abolish slavery at will. (B) National legislation could not limit the spread of slavery in the territories. The rights of all people are protected by the Constitution.
Slaves residing in a free state automatically became free.
Through squatter sovereignty, a territory had the sole right to determine the status of slavery within its territorial limits.
The gradual emancipation laws of individual states
Manumission granted for Revolutionary War service
Manumission granted by slaveholders’ wills
Natural increase among free African Americans
Federal constitutional provisions for emancipation
Admitted Texas to the Union as a slave state
Admitted California to the Union under the principles of popular sovereignty
Prohibited slavery in the District of Columbia
Enacted a stringent fugitive slave law
Adjusted the Texas-Mexico boundary
Immediately following the Civil War
During and immediately after World War I
During the Great Depression
In the decade after World War II
During the civil rights movement of the 1960’s
They were the primary labor source for plantations in the Chesapeake by 1630.
They had a much lower life expectancy in the Chesapeake than in South Carolina or the West Indies.
They greatly outnumbered Europeans in every colony south of the Mason-Dixon Line in 1776.
They maintained cultural practice brought from Africa.
They were the primary labor source in Pennsylvania until 1720.
Encourage westward colonial migration
Avoid conflict with the trans-Appalachian Indians
Gain much-needed revenue
Drive out French colonists
Provide a haven for Catholics
Encourage United States workers to unite against foreign competition
Assure the public that strikes and walkouts were not part of the union party
Link union membership with patriotic and religious images
Point out the dangers of working as a longshoreman
Show that membership in the longshoremen’s union was open only to workers born in the United States
The Supreme Court sustained laws barring the interstate sale of goods produced by child labor.
Introduction of the minimum wage made child labor uneconomical
The American birth rate declined, thus reducing the number of children available to work.
Factory owners advocated state child labor laws.
States began to require children to attend school until certain age and to limit the ages at which they could be employed.
They were willing to accept slavery where it existed but opposed further expansion to the territories.
They were active supporters of complete abolition.
They favored continued importation of slaves from Africa.
They advocated expansion of the slave system to provide cheap labor for northern factories.
They advocated complete social and political equality for all races in the United States.
Encourage women to believe in the "feminine mystique"
Challenge sex discrimination in the workplace
Oppose the proposed Equal Rights Amendment
Advocate restrictions on access to abortion
Advocate equal access for women to athletic facilities
Flag burning as a form of free speech
The internment of Japanese Americans as a wartime necessity
Prohibiting Japanese workers from immigrating to the United States
Private prayer in public schools
Excluding Japanese American children from California public schools
European farms and villages
There was widespread prosperity in Europe after the First World War.
Most European countries passed laws forbidding immigration to the United States.
A significant increase in emigration from Latin America left fewer jobs for European immigrants.
Fear of political persecution after the Palmer raids and the Sacco and Vanzetti case dis-couraged many Europeans from emigrating.
The United States passed the National Origins Act.
Encouraging immigration from Ireland and Germany
Encouraging Chinese contract laborers to emigrate to the United States
Settling White Americans on western lands
Settling American Indians on reservations
Transporting African Americans to Africa
Divided Native American tribal lands into individual holdings.
Promoted the preservation of Native American cultural identity.
Granted immediate citizenship to Native Americans.
Set up the reservation system.
Forbade the use of Native American languages in public schools.