Elk Grove Talking AP Pre 2010-11

25 Questions | Total Attempts: 163

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Elk Grove Talking AP Pre 2010-11

Teaching American History Grant Pre and Post Test for Participants Directions: Each of the questions or incomplete statements below is followed by five suggested answers or completions. Select the one that is best in each case.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following best describes the situation of freedom in the decade following the Civil War?
    • A. 

      Each was given 40 acres of land and a mule by the Union government.

    • B. 

      All were immediately granted political equality by the Emancipation Proclamation.

    • C. 

      The majority entered sharecropping arrangements with former masters or other nearby planters.

    • D. 

      They were required to pass a literacy test before being granted United States citizenship.

    • E. 

      They supported the passage of Black Codes to ensure their economic and political rights.

  • 2. 
    The policy of containment, justified by George Kennan’s 1947 analysis of the international situation, called for
    • A. 

      Blocking the expansion of the Soviet Union’s influence

    • B. 

      Curbing United States foreign investment to limit involvement in world conflict

    • C. 

      Liberating Eastern Europe from communism

    • D. 

      Destabilizing the Soviet Union

    • E. 

      Dividing Germany into zones administered by the United States, Britain, and the Soviet Union

  • 3. 
    The Dutch settled New Netherland primarily to
    • A. 

      Secure a refuge for the persecuted

    • B. 

      Check the growth of English colonies in North America

    • C. 

      Expand their commercial and mercantile network

    • D. 

      Gain colonies to produce agricultural surpluses

    • E. 

      Secure naval supplies

  • 4. 
    President Jackson resisted the admission of Texas into the Union in 1836 primarily because he
    • A. 

      Acknowledged the legitimacy of the Mexican government’s claim to Texas

    • B. 

      Feared that debate over the admission of Texas would ignite controversy about slavery

    • C. 

      Was ideologically opposed to territorial expansion

    • D. 

      Could find no support within his own party for admitting Texas

    • E. 

      Believed that admitting Texas would violate international law

  • 5. 
    In which of the following British North American colonies was slavery legally established by the early 1700’s?
    • A. 

      The southern colonies only

    • B. 

      The middle and southern colonies only

    • C. 

      The tobacco- and rice- growing colonies only

    • D. 

      All the colonies except Pennsylvania and the New England colonies

    • E. 

      All the colonies

  • 6. 
    Prior to the Civil War, a transformation occurred in the workforce of the New England textile mills as New England farm girls were replaced by
    • A. 

      French-Canadian immigrants

    • B. 

      Freed African Americans from the South

    • C. 

      Irish immigrants

    • D. 

      German immigrants

    • E. 

      Italian immigrants

  • 7. 
    The primary power granted to the Civil Rights Commission created in 1957 was the authority to
    • A. 

      Investigate and report cases involving discrimination

    • B. 

      Issue writs to enforce its decisions after a hearing

    • C. 

      Initiate court cases to challenge gender discrimination

    • D. 

      Fine employers found guilty of discriminatory hiring practices

    • E. 

      Grant monetary awards to victims of discrimination

  • 8. 
    Jacob Riis’s How the Other Half Lives is a study of
    • A. 

      Jim Crow segregation and its effect on African Americans

    • B. 

      The plight of Great Plains farmers in the 1890’s

    • C. 

      Immigrant urban poverty and despair in the 1890’s

    • D. 

      The corrupton in city political machines in the 1890’s

    • E. 

      The rise of industrial capitalists in the late nineteenth century

  • 9. 
    From the 1880’s to the beginning of the New Deal, the dominant American Indian policy of the United States government sought to
    • A. 

      Strengthen traditional tribal authority

    • B. 

      Relocate all American Indians to the Oklahoma territory

    • C. 

      Encourage American Indian emigration to Canada

    • D. 

      Encourage American Indians to preserve their languages and religions

    • E. 

      Break up tribal landholdings

  • 10. 
    Which of the following principles was established by the Dred Scott decision?
    • A. 

      Congress could abolish slavery at will.

    • B. 

      National legislation could not limit the spread of slavery in the territories.

    • C. 

      (A) Congress could abolish slavery at will. (B) National legislation could not limit the spread of slavery in the territories. The rights of all people are protected by the Constitution.

    • D. 

      Slaves residing in a free state automatically became free.

    • E. 

      Through squatter sovereignty, a territory had the sole right to determine the status of slavery within its territorial limits.

  • 11. 
    All of the following contributed to the growth of the free African American population in the United States in the early nineteenth century EXCEPT
    • A. 

      The gradual emancipation laws of individual states

    • B. 

      Manumission granted for Revolutionary War service

    • C. 

      Manumission granted by slaveholders’ wills

    • D. 

      Natural increase among free African Americans

    • E. 

      Federal constitutional provisions for emancipation

  • 12. 
    The Compromise of 1850 did which of the following?
    • A. 

      Admitted Texas to the Union as a slave state

    • B. 

      Admitted California to the Union under the principles of popular sovereignty

    • C. 

      Prohibited slavery in the District of Columbia

    • D. 

      Enacted a stringent fugitive slave law

    • E. 

      Adjusted the Texas-Mexico boundary

  • 13. 
    The first massive migration of African Americans from the South occurred during which of the following periods?
    • A. 

      Immediately following the Civil War

    • B. 

      During and immediately after World War I

    • C. 

      During the Great Depression

    • D. 

      In the decade after World War II

    • E. 

      During the civil rights movement of the 1960’s

  • 14. 
    Which of the following statements about Africans brought as slaves to the British North American colonies is true?
    • A. 

      They were the primary labor source for plantations in the Chesapeake by 1630.

    • B. 

      They had a much lower life expectancy in the Chesapeake than in South Carolina or the West Indies.

    • C. 

      They greatly outnumbered Europeans in every colony south of the Mason-Dixon Line in 1776.

    • D. 

      They maintained cultural practice brought from Africa.

    • E. 

      They were the primary labor source in Pennsylvania until 1720.

  • 15. 
    The primary purpose of the Proclamation of 1763 was to
    • A. 

      Encourage westward colonial migration

    • B. 

      Avoid conflict with the trans-Appalachian Indians

    • C. 

      Gain much-needed revenue

    • D. 

      Drive out French colonists

    • E. 

      Provide a haven for Catholics

  • 16. 
      The union membership card pictured above is designed to accomplish which of the following?
    • A. 

      Encourage United States workers to unite against foreign competition

    • B. 

      Assure the public that strikes and walkouts were not part of the union party

    • C. 

      Link union membership with patriotic and religious images

    • D. 

      Point out the dangers of working as a longshoreman

    • E. 

      Show that membership in the longshoremen’s union was open only to workers born in the United States

  • 17. 
    Around 1920, the number of children aged 10 to 15 in the industrial workforce began to decline for which of the following reasons?
    • A. 

      The Supreme Court sustained laws barring the interstate sale of goods produced by child labor.

    • B. 

      Introduction of the minimum wage made child labor uneconomical

    • C. 

      The American birth rate declined, thus reducing the number of children available to work.

    • D. 

      Factory owners advocated state child labor laws.

    • E. 

      States began to require children to attend school until certain age and to limit the ages at which they could be employed.

  • 18. 
    Which of the following best describes the position on slavery of most northerners during the sectional crises of the 1850s?
    • A. 

      They were willing to accept slavery where it existed but opposed further expansion to the territories.

    • B. 

      They were active supporters of complete abolition.

    • C. 

      They favored continued importation of slaves from Africa.

    • D. 

      They advocated expansion of the slave system to provide cheap labor for northern factories.

    • E. 

      They advocated complete social and political equality for all races in the United States.

  • 19. 
    The National Organization for Women (NOW) was founded in 1966 in order to
    • A. 

      Encourage women to believe in the "feminine mystique"

    • B. 

      Challenge sex discrimination in the workplace

    • C. 

      Oppose the proposed Equal Rights Amendment

    • D. 

      Advocate restrictions on access to abortion

    • E. 

      Advocate equal access for women to athletic facilities

  • 20. 
    The Supreme Court ruling in Korematsu v. United States upheld the constitutionality of
    • A. 

      Flag burning as a form of free speech

    • B. 

      The internment of Japanese Americans as a wartime necessity

    • C. 

      Prohibiting Japanese workers from immigrating to the United States

    • D. 

      Private prayer in public schools

    • E. 

      Excluding Japanese American children from California public schools

  • 21. 
    The first attempt to apply the doctrine of popular sovereignty in determining the status of slavery occurred in
    • A. 

      Texas

    • B. 

      California

    • C. 

      Kansas

    • D. 

      Missouri

    • E. 

      Oregon

  • 22. 
    Immigrants to the United States in the last quarter of the nineteenth century came primarily from
    • A. 

      Latin America

    • B. 

      Asia

    • C. 

      Canada

    • D. 

      Middle-class backgrounds

    • E. 

      European farms and villages

  • 23. 
    What was the main reason for the major decrease in the number of Europeans immigrating to the United States in the 1920s?
    • A. 

      There was widespread prosperity in Europe after the First World War.

    • B. 

      Most European countries passed laws forbidding immigration to the United States.

    • C. 

      A significant increase in emigration from Latin America left fewer jobs for European immigrants.

    • D. 

      Fear of political persecution after the Palmer raids and the Sacco and Vanzetti case dis-couraged many Europeans from emigrating.

    • E. 

      The United States passed the National Origins Act.

  • 24. 
    The American Colonization Society was estab­lished in the early nineteenth century with the goal of
    • A. 

      Encouraging immigration from Ireland and Germany

    • B. 

      Encouraging Chinese contract laborers to emigrate to the United States

    • C. 

      Settling White Americans on western lands

    • D. 

      Settling American Indians on reservations

    • E. 

      Transporting African Americans to Africa

  • 25. 
    The Dawes Act (1887) did which of the following?
    • A. 

      Divided Native American tribal lands into individual holdings.

    • B. 

      Promoted the preservation of Native American cultural identity.

    • C. 

      Granted immediate citizenship to Native Americans.

    • D. 

      Set up the reservation system.

    • E. 

      Forbade the use of Native American languages in public schools.

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