Egypt Centre Daemon Hunters

10 Questions

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Egypt Centre Daemon Hunters

Would you make a good daemon hunter? How much do you know about our daemons? The word ‘daemon’ originates from the use of the word in Greek which generally means good spirits or demi-gods. In Egyptology, the word daemon/demon, or sometimes genii, is used as a catchall term to encompass those living beings who are not easily categorised as humans, nor animals, norgods with cult centres. Of course this means we can argue over definitions. Is a dead human, for example a daemon. What about deities who were worshipped at some times and not others? Answers to the quizz can either be found in the Egypt Centre itself or on our web pages or in our blog. Enjoy


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Beardy chaps like this were used as:
    • A. 

      Back scratchers

    • B. 

      Door wedge

    • C. 

      Pot stands

    • D. 

      Door knocker

  • 2. 
    This is a sycamore tree goddess. The earliest example known in Egypt can be found in:
    • A. 

      A Middle Kingdom tomb at Beni Hassan

    • B. 

      The British Museum

    • C. 

      The Egypt Centre

    • D. 

      The tomb of Tuthmosis III

  • 3. 
    This cat-headed daemon often appears near the scales of judgement. He sometimes carries a knife and holds snakes. Sometimes he is called the 'Porter in the Place of Truth'. Where can you see him in the Egypt Centre?
    • A. 

      On a 'Book of the Dead' Papyrus showing mounds in the afterlife

    • B. 

      Near the judgement scales on a coffin

    • C. 

      On an apotropaic wand ( a wand designed to ward off evil)

    • D. 

      Showing visitors around the 'House of Death'

  • 4. 
    This goggly-eyed daemon is Bes. The objects itself is made out of faience and may have been worn around the neck of a child to ward off evil. What is it?
    • A. 

      Part of a model sistrum

    • B. 

      Part of a bigger amulet showing Bes with bandy legs

    • C. 

      A gaming counter

    • D. 

      A bell

  • 5. 
    Here we have Bes again. This time he is on a bed leg. The bed leg also has depictions of snakes on it. We have two legs which seem to belong to the same bed. Which other daemon is shown on the other leg (clue- these two daemons often appear together in scenes associated with childbirth)
    • A. 

      Heqet (the frog deity)

    • B. 

      Beset (the female Bes)

    • C. 

      Bastet (the cat deity)

    • D. 

      Taweret (the deity who is part hippopotamus)

  • 6. 
    This is a tiny amulet about 2cm high which is on a beaded collar we have which is assumed to be from Amarna. Some people have said it is a female Bes (Beset), others disagree. Notice it has long flowing hair. Of course Bes and Beset covers loads of different deities so maybe it would be better to refer to these as lion-faced daemons. Which of the following statements about Bes and Beset is INCORRECT
    • A. 

      Lion-headed female deities can be found in the Middle Kingdom

    • B. 

      A lion-headed deity is shown on a Book of the Dead Papyrus apparently threatening the dead person

    • C. 

      Lion-headed daemons never appear at Amarna because Akhenaten stopped the worship of gods other than the Aten

    • D. 

      Male lion-faced daemons often have 'man boobs' and are sometimes even shown suckling other gods.

  • 7. 
    This is a sycamore tree goddess. As you can see from this she is part tree and part human shaped. The earliest depiction of the sycamore tree goddess appears in the tomb of Tuthmosis III. We also have another depiction of her in the Egypt Centre where she is shown completely out of her tree! Where might this be?
    • A. 

      On a Papyrus where she is shown giving nourishment to the dead person

    • B. 

      On the 21st Dynasty coffin where she is shown with a ba-bird

    • C. 

      In the case showing how the dead were fed you can see her on a New Kingdom coffin fragment

    • D. 

      In the case on drunkeness in ancient Egypt

  • 8. 
    This creature seems to have 4 wings. It is shown on a piece of cartonnage of the Graeco-Roman Period. Is it likely to represent:
    • A. 

      A wind demon

    • B. 

      A griffin

    • C. 

      A phoenix

    • D. 

      A dragon

  • 9. 
    Who is resting her front paws on the steps of the throne of Osiris?
    • A. 

      Patch the dog

    • B. 

      Ammut

    • C. 

      Anubis

    • D. 

      Taweret

  • 10. 
    This shows a part of the 'Book of the Dead' on linen. You can see some of the mounds of the afterlife. Which Chapters of the 'Book of the Dead' does this illustrate?
    • A. 

      Chapter 125

    • B. 

      Chapter 6 and 7

    • C. 

      Chapter 148 and 149

    • D. 

      Chapter 336 and 337

  • 11. 
    You can visit our web site or blog:Kasia Szpakowska and her students also run a great site, which has a list of further reading and books. PS, more about the daemon shown here can be found by clicking here.