Edwards, Lineberry Chp. 18

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 40

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Edwards, Lineberry Chp. 18

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The federal government spends the most money on social welfare programs that benefit
    • A. 

      African Americans

    • B. 

      HIspanics

    • C. 

      Those whose income is below the official poverty line

    • D. 

      The unemployed

    • E. 

      The elderly

  • 2. 
    Who benefits from the Earned Income Tax Credit?
    • A. 

      The unemployed

    • B. 

      The working poor

    • C. 

      All employees

    • D. 

      All employers

    • E. 

      The self-employed

  • 3. 
    Which of the following statements best describes income distribution in the United States in recent decades?
    • A. 

      Most Americans belong to the middle class because income is distributed fairly equally

    • B. 

      A rising tide lifts all boats

    • C. 

      The US has narrower extremes of income than do European countries

    • D. 

      From each according to his ability, to each according to his need

    • E. 

      The rich get richer, and the poor get poorer

  • 4. 
    Which of the following best describes the employment of illegal immigrants in the United States?
    • A. 

      The federal government has passed strict laws that prevent most illegal immigrants from working, these laws have proven to be very effective

    • B. 

      Employers are not permitted to hire illegal immigrants, but they are also not permitted to challenge the authenticity of documents presented for employment

    • C. 

      Illegal immigrants are permitted to work in the United States if they are employed in agriculture or have an IR-3 visa

    • D. 

      Employers are prohibited from withholding income taxes from the paychecks of illegal immigrants but many do so anyway

    • E. 

      Employers in the construction and hopspitality industries have strong economic incentives not to hire illegal immigrants

  • 5. 
    The poor are largely at a disadvantage in the political process because they
    • A. 

      Are represented by too many antipoverty interest groups that are competing for influence

    • B. 

      Have been denied access to policymakers by an executive order from the president

    • C. 

      Are less likley to vote

    • D. 

      Tend to prefer egalitarian policies that benefit all citizens equally

    • E. 

      Do not pay enough in income tax to gain the attention of policymakers

  • 6. 
    Which of the following factors is expected to put a financial strain on Social Security?
    • A. 

      People are retiring earlier

    • B. 

      The cost of living is stagnant

    • C. 

      The number of retirees is growing

    • D. 

      Revenue is expected to exceed expenditures by 2010

    • E. 

      Rising uemployment will drain the program's income

  • 7. 
    Which of the following is an accurate comparison of social welfare in the United States and welfare in Euoprean countries?
    • A. 

      Americans pay higher taxes to fund social welfare programs

    • B. 

      Americans receive greater benefits from social welfare programs

    • C. 

      Americans are less supportive of social welfare programs

    • D. 

      The American government spends more per capita resources to reduce poverty

    • E. 

      The American government is more actively involved in addressing social welfare concerns

  • 8. 
    A member of which of the following groups is the least likely to live in poverty?
    • A. 

      African Americans

    • B. 

      Female-headed families

    • C. 

      Two-parent families

    • D. 

      Hispanics

    • E. 

      The elderly

  • 9. 
    What change to Social Security did George W. Bush propose?
    • A. 

      Turning over the entire Social Security system to a private corporation that would invest in the stock market

    • B. 

      Raising taxes on current workers to pay for current retirees

    • C. 

      Raising taxes on current workers to build up the Social Security Trust Fund to pay for future retirees

    • D. 

      Devoling Social Security to the states and giving each state a block grant to cover 90 percent of the cost

    • E. 

      Allowing workers to invest part of their Social Security taxes into a private investment account

  • 10. 
    A transfer payment is one which
    • A. 

      Provides money from the government's general treasury to those in specific need

    • B. 

      Requires some form of work in exchange for government assistance

    • C. 

      Is paid in lieu of cash

    • D. 

      Is paid to families who fall below the poverty level

    • E. 

      Is not based on need

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