Ebony's AP Psych. Practice Exam

38 Questions | Total Attempts: 15

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AP Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    These must be stated in terms of how the concepts are to be measured and what techniques will be employed to produce them.          
    • A. 

      Independent variables

    • B. 

      A theories

    • C. 

      Dependent variables

    • D. 

      Control groups

    • E. 

      Operational definitions

  • 2. 
    You would like to study the effects of sleep on attentiveness in class. Whichof the following is NOT a control in the experiment to prevent extraneous variables from influencing the outcome of the experiment?
    • A. 

      Test both the experimental and control group in the same place

    • B. 

      Test both the control and experimental group at the same time of day

    • C. 

      Insure that all participants recieved almost the same amount of sleep

    • D. 

      Insure that all of the participants are tested by the same individual

    • E. 

      Place those who are more tired inthe control group

  • 3. 
    A outcome of a correlational study on attendence and grade point average could potentially conclude all of the following except
    • A. 

      There is a link between those with high attendence and high grades

    • B. 

      Coming to school causes individuals to get higher grades

    • C. 

      For some individuals, as attendence goes up, grades actually go up

    • D. 

      There is a relationship between the number of days a student comes and their semester grade point average

    • E. 

      There is a link between those with low attendence and low grades

  • 4. 
    A theory and hypothesis are different in that
    • A. 

      You can prove that both of them are true

    • B. 

      A theory is based on scientific information whereas a hythesis is based on speculation

    • C. 

      A theory is often representative of a larger hypothesis

    • D. 

      A hypothesis is often representative of a larger theory

    • E. 

      Both a theory and hypothesis must be testable

  • 5. 
    What is the purpose of using a frequency destribution to examine the data?
    • A. 

      It allows you to better evaluate the data by organizing it and seeing how many times different data pints appear

    • B. 

      It allows you to create a correlation coefficient

    • C. 

      By creating a bar graph of the information you can see patterns in the data.

    • D. 

      It allows you to see if a link in exists between the independent and dependent variables

    • E. 

      It allows you to determine if the results are statistically significant

  • 6. 
    Noted Greek philosophers-such as Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle-believed that
    • A. 

      'truth' was determined by careful testing procedures

    • B. 

      'truth' was determined by observation and 'expert' opinion.

    • C. 

      Emotions were caused by changes in brain chemistry

    • D. 

      Emotions were not worthy of scientific discussion

    • E. 

      Brain damage ctributed to most mental disorders

  • 7. 
    A cognitive psycologist has been studying aggression in teens. Which of the following is most likely to be the ttle of his latest study?
    • A. 

      "How teen perceive threatning ituations and thus respond violently"

    • B. 

      "The famy dynamics of violent teens"

    • C. 

      "The cnsequences of teen violence"

    • D. 

      "Social pressures that produce violent teens"

    • E. 

      "The use of medications to control aggresson in teens"

  • 8. 
    A trait theorist would be most likely to be involved with
    • A. 

      Underlying childhood problems.

    • B. 

      Memory tests.

    • C. 

      The charactristics that are passed on through each generation.

    • D. 

      Cognitive ablility

    • E. 

      Personlity testing.

  • 9. 
    All of the following relaed to the field of cognitive psychology except
    • A. 

      Interpretations of given situations

    • B. 

      Learned responses

    • C. 

      Evaluation of mental processes

    • D. 

      Perception

    • E. 

      Connections between the mind and subsequent behavior

  • 10. 
    Mary Whiton alkins did not rcieve he doctoral degree from Havard because
    • A. 

      She was a woman

    • B. 

      She violated ethical standards of Harvard University

    • C. 

      She was awarded the degree by Harvard but did not accept it

    • D. 

      She did not complete all of the course work involved

    • E. 

      She was married at the time

  • 11. 
    How has the field of developmental psychology canged in recent years?
    • A. 

      Developmental psychologists focus on developmental disorders

    • B. 

      Developmental psychologists focus on how our culture influences our behavior

    • C. 

      Developmental psychologists focus on assisting children with cognitive deficits

    • D. 

      Developmental psychologists studythe entire lifespan

    • E. 

      Developmental psychologists focus primarily on childhood development

  • 12. 
    Jake has had a troubled past. He has a difficult time getting along with his parents as a child an today h still holds much hostility toward his parents. He thinks he might be holding a longstanding grudge against them, but he cannot remember whatit is. What field of psychologiy would be mst interested in getting to the root of Jake's troubled childhood?
    • A. 

      Soiocultural

    • B. 

      Psychodynamic

    • C. 

      Humanstic

    • D. 

      Cognitive

    • E. 

      Behavioral

  • 13. 
    Gestalt psychology argue that perception is
    • A. 

      A function of our unique streams of consciousness

    • B. 

      A process in which the whole is more than th sum of the parts

    • C. 

      A process found in animals but not humans

    • D. 

      Impossible to study using introspection

    • E. 

      Altered by an evolutionary pressure to avoid being eaten.

  • 14. 
    The principles of psychodynamics were first outlined by
    • A. 

      Jean Piaget.

    • B. 

      William James.

    • C. 

      Sigmund Freud.

    • D. 

      Aristotle.

    • E. 

      B.F. Skinner.

  • 15. 
    _____ are specialized clls dedicated to the detection of specific stimuli such s length, color, and boudaries.
    • A. 

      Moncular cues

    • B. 

      Sensory organs

    • C. 

      Sensory receptors

    • D. 

      Feature detectors

    • E. 

      Transducers

  • 16. 
    _____ are biochemical substances that are to weak to detect.
    • A. 

      Receptors

    • B. 

      Neurotransmitters

    • C. 

      Hormones

    • D. 

      Neurohormones

    • E. 

      Interneurons

  • 17. 
    Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of Down syndrome?
    • A. 

      Mental retardation

    • B. 

      Impaired psychomotor development

    • C. 

      Behavior that is modifiable through training

    • D. 

      A missing chromosome i the 21st pair

    • E. 

      Impaired physical development

  • 18. 
    One likely difference between a psychiatrist and psychologist is that a psychiatrist would tend to use more _____.
    • A. 

      Talk therapy whe dealing with clients haveing difficulties.

    • B. 

      Research than psychologists.

    • C. 

      Behavioral modification with their clients

    • D. 

      Medicine to treat thosesuffering from mental illess

    • E. 

      Cognitive therapy when dealing with clients irrational thoughts

  • 19. 
    What individual initially conducted revolutinary research on animals that made suggestions about human behavior?
    • A. 

      James

    • B. 

      Helmholtz

    • C. 

      Hall

    • D. 

      Darwin

    • E. 

      Wudnt

  • 20. 
    Which of the fllowing was not one of thefilds of study toward which Aristotle was intereste in developing theories?
    • A. 

      Cognition

    • B. 

      Problem-solving

    • C. 

      Memory

    • D. 

      Sensation

    • E. 

      Consciousness

  • 21. 
    Which of the following measures of central tendencies would be most effected by exteme scores?
    • A. 

      Mean

    • B. 

      Median

    • C. 

      Correlation coefficient

    • D. 

      Mode

    • E. 

      Range

  • 22. 
    Based on his classroom experiences, Dr. McGinty believes that those srudents sitting in the front row of a classroomget hgher grades than those sitting in rows futher bck. HIs belief is an example of a_____.
    • A. 

      Dependent variable

    • B. 

      Theory

    • C. 

      Correlation coefficient

    • D. 

      Hypothesis

    • E. 

      Independent variable

  • 23. 
    Why is it impossible to evr have a p=.00?
    • A. 

      There is always some correlation between two variables.

    • B. 

      We never really use a completely random sample

    • C. 

      Even the most thorough studies have a small likelihod of obtaining the results they did based on chance

    • D. 

      Because a p-valueof +1.0 is ideal

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 24. 
    You would like to study the effects of sleep on attentiveness in class. Which of he following is NOT a control in the experimet to prevent extraneous variables from influencing the outcome of the experiment?
    • A. 

      Place those who are more tired in the control group

    • B. 

      Test both the experimental and control group in the same place

    • C. 

      Test both the control and experimental grou at the same time of day

    • D. 

      Insure that all participants recieved almost the same amount of sleep

    • E. 

      Insure that all o the participants are tested by the same individual

  • 25. 
    Jonathon eventually began to see his cerebral achromatopsia as a gift. Jonathon noticed that he benefitted from all of the following except
    • A. 

      He was better able to focus on content

    • B. 

      His ability to dstinguish between very close colors of red

    • C. 

      He was better able to focus on shape and form

    • D. 

      He could read license plates from fou blocks away

    • E. 

      He was no longer 'distracted' by colors

  • 26. 
    Weber's law states that the higer the intensity of the stimulus, the ____ it will have to be ____ to result in a noticeable difference in sensory experience.
    • A. 

      More;changed

    • B. 

      Less;reduced

    • C. 

      Faster;reduced

    • D. 

      Faster;removed

    • E. 

      Less;increased

  • 27. 
    Trough the process of _____, we are able to interpret incoming sensory patterns.
    • A. 

      Gustation

    • B. 

      Sensation

    • C. 

      Perception

    • D. 

      Kinesthesias

    • E. 

      Transduction

  • 28. 
    Robbie has been sitting in a hot tub or 30 minutes. He emerges and immediately jumps into te nearby pool. Tobbie screams because he feels that the pool is freezing. What phenomona has caused Robbie's surprise? 
    • A. 

      Transduction

    • B. 

      Sensory adaption

    • C. 

      Absolute thresholds

    • D. 

      Sensory overload

    • E. 

      Sensory deprivation

  • 29. 
    Phosphenes are
    • A. 

      The sense of pressure,tempurature an other sensory information when none is actually present

    • B. 

      Visual images caused by stimulting the visual system with a small amount of pressure

    • C. 

      Different types of taste receptors

    • D. 

      Odors that spontaneously occur with no known source

    • E. 

      Cells that connect the rods and cones to the optic nerve

  • 30. 
    After having some bad barbecue in the cafetaria, your stomach gets a bit woozy each tme you enter. the cafetaria is the _____ and your stomach feeling woozy is the _____.
    • A. 

      Unconditioned stimulus; unconditioned response

    • B. 

      Conditioned response; conditioned stimulus

    • C. 

      Conditioned stmulus; conditioned response

    • D. 

      Unconditioned response; uncondtioned stimulus

    • E. 

      Conditioned stimulus; unconditioned response

  • 31. 
    The operant chamber which as come to be known as a Skinner box was designed so that
    • A. 

      Cats cold pull a string to open the door to the box

    • B. 

      Animals could press a lever to recieve food

    • C. 

      He could punish his daughter, Deborah

    • D. 

      Rats could eliminate painful stimuli

    • E. 

      Gerbils could make their way through a maze to a food pellet in the box

  • 32. 
    Which of the following is NOT an example of an operant?
    • A. 

      A dog salivates after seeing a bowl of meat

    • B. 

      A rat presses a lever to receive a food pellet

    • C. 

      Sam tells a joke that has previously evoked much laughter

    • D. 

      One-Month-Old Jamie sucks on a nipple in order to hear her mother's voice.

    • E. 

      Abe repeatedly presses a button on a toy, because he likes the loud sound it makes.

  • 33. 
    If you witness a mugging and the police ask,: "did you see the scar on the assailant's fce?" Even if thre was no scar, ou might reply that you did indeed see the scar. What fault of memory best explains this honest mistake?
    • A. 

      Persistence

    • B. 

      Interference

    • C. 

      Transience

    • D. 

      Misinformation effect

    • E. 

      Bias

  • 34. 
    ______occurs when newly learned informaion prvnts te retrival of previously stored, similar information
    • A. 

      Implicit amnsia

    • B. 

      Retroactive intrference

    • C. 

      Explicit amnesia

    • D. 

      Proactive interference

    • E. 

      Suppression

  • 35. 
    A guitaris uses ______ to recall how to play the notes of a specific song.
    • A. 

      Procedural memory

    • B. 

      A flashbulb memory

    • C. 

      Semantic memory

    • D. 

      Episodic memory

    • E. 

      Mnemonics

  • 36. 
    When you try to relate psychological terms you are learning in class to personal examples rom your life. You are using
    • A. 

      Chunking

    • B. 

      Elaborative rehearsal

    • C. 

      The method of Loci

    • D. 

      Maintenance rehearsal

    • E. 

      The phonological loop

  • 37. 
    Toleman found that the rats he ran through the mazes had created ______ to help them find where the food was placed.
    • A. 

      Cognitive maps

    • B. 

      Operant conditioning

    • C. 

      Insight learning

    • D. 

      Observaitonal learning

    • E. 

      Classical conditioning

  • 38. 
    Robert Rescorla beleives that the feature of the conditioned stimulus that most facilitates classical conditioning is its
    • A. 

      Size.

    • B. 

      Consistency.

    • C. 

      Informtiveness.

    • D. 

      Frequency.

    • E. 

      Intensity.