Earth's Structure

31 Questions | Total Attempts: 61

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Structure Quizzes & Trivia

Students will be quizzed over the structure of the Earth.


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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What are the three main layers of the Earth?
    • A. 

      Continent, mantle, crust

    • B. 

      Crust, continent, mantle

    • C. 

      Crust, mantle, core

  • 2. 
    The layer that we walk on is called the ___________________.
    • A. 

      Mantle

    • B. 

      Crust

    • C. 

      Core

  • 3. 
    The layer located under the crust is called the _______________.
    • A. 

      Continent

    • B. 

      Core

    • C. 

      Mantle

  • 4. 
    The layer that we live on is made up of _________________.
    • A. 

      Rock

    • B. 

      Iron

    • C. 

      Magma

  • 5. 
    The crust and the upper mantle make up the _________________.
    • A. 

      Hydroshpere

    • B. 

      Lithosphere

    • C. 

      Atmosphere

  • 6. 
    Above Earth's surface is a mixture of gases called the ________________.
    • A. 

      Hydrosphere

    • B. 

      Lithosphere

    • C. 

      Atmosphere

  • 7. 
    The Earth's water makes up the ___________________.
    • A. 

      Atmosphere

    • B. 

      Hydrosphere

    • C. 

      Lithosphere

  • 8. 
    _______________ _______________ is a theory that states that the plates slowly move on the Earth's mantle.
    • A. 

      Convergent boundaries

    • B. 

      Pangaea Theory

    • C. 

      Plate tectonics

  • 9. 
    It is believed that 300 million years ago the continents were one time one very large continent called _____________.
    • A. 

      Pangea

    • B. 

      Eurasia

    • C. 

      Plate Tectonics

  • 10. 
    The ocean floor is made up of ________________ plates.
    • A. 

      Continental

    • B. 

      Oceanic

    • C. 

      Water

  • 11. 
    Where does magma come from?
    • A. 

      The moon

    • B. 

      Earth's mantle

    • C. 

      The ocean floor

  • 12. 
    What is magma called when it is on the Earth's surface?
    • A. 

      Lava

    • B. 

      Basalt

    • C. 

      Pumice

  • 13. 
    What type of rock is made from layers of sediments compacted and cemented together?
    • A. 

      Sedimentary

    • B. 

      Igneous

    • C. 

      Metamorphic

  • 14. 
    What type of rock is formed from cooled lava or magma?
    • A. 

      Sedimentary

    • B. 

      Igneous

    • C. 

      Metamorphic

  • 15. 
    What type of rock is formed from other rocks that have been squeezed (pressure) and heated deep inside the crust?
    • A. 

      Sedimentary

    • B. 

      Igneous

    • C. 

      Metamorphic

  • 16. 
    A mineral is____________________________.
    • A. 

      A mixture of minerals that are classified according to how they are formed.

    • B. 

      A solid material made of one or more elements that is formed by nature in or on the Earth's crust.

    • C. 

      A mixture of two or more rocks formed by nature.

  • 17. 
    _____________________ is an example of igneous rock.
    • A. 

      Sandstone

    • B. 

      Limestone

    • C. 

      Granite

  • 18. 
    _________________ is an example of sedimentary rock.
    • A. 

      Sandstone

    • B. 

      Granite

    • C. 

      Marble

  • 19. 
    ________________ is an example of metamorphic rock.
    • A. 

      Limestone

    • B. 

      Marble

    • C. 

      Granite

  • 20. 
    _____________________ is a never-ending process of weathering, rocks forming, and changing into other rocks.
    • A. 

      Weathering

    • B. 

      Plate tectonics

    • C. 

      Rock cycle

  • 21. 
    The core makes up _________________ of the Earth's mass.
    • A. 

      Two-thirds

    • B. 

      One-third

    • C. 

      One percent

  • 22. 
    The crust makes up _______________ of the Earth's mass.
    • A. 

      Two-thirds

    • B. 

      One-third

    • C. 

      One percent

  • 23. 
    The mantle makes up nearly ______________ of the Earth's mass.
    • A. 

      Two-thirds

    • B. 

      One-third

    • C. 

      One percent

  • 24. 
    Through the last 200 million years, the continents have drifted apart. This is called the _____________________ __________________.
    • A. 

      Plate tectonics

    • B. 

      Pangea theory

    • C. 

      Continental drift

  • 25. 
    How much does the average continent move each year?
    • A. 

      100 kilometers

    • B. 

      A few hundred meters

    • C. 

      Several centimeters

  • 26. 
    Which type of plate boundary involves two plates moving toward (colliding) one another?
    • A. 

      Convergent boundaries

    • B. 

      Divergent boundaries

    • C. 

      Transform boundaries

  • 27. 
    Which type of plate boundary involves two plates moving apart?
    • A. 

      Convergent boundaries

    • B. 

      Divergent boundaries

    • C. 

      Transform boundaries

  • 28. 
    Which type of plate involves two plates sliding past each other?
    • A. 

      Convergent boundaries

    • B. 

      Divergent boundaries

    • C. 

      Transform boundaries

  • 29. 
    What are earthquakes caused by?
    • A. 

      Pressure deep within the earth

    • B. 

      Tsunamis and hurricanes

    • C. 

      Mining

  • 30. 
    Earthquakes can happen along active boundaries where plates meet called ___________ lines.
    • A. 

      Seismic

    • B. 

      Fault

    • C. 

      Tectonic

  • 31. 
    A rock is __________________________________________.
    • A. 

      A solid material made of one or more elements that is formed by nature in or on Earth's crust.

    • B. 

      Formed when rocks and minerals collide in the Earth's crust.

    • C. 

      A mixture of minerals that scientists classify according to how they are formed.