Earth Structures Test-part Two

25 Questions

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Earth Structures Test-part Two

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    • A. 

      Divergent Plate Boundaries

    • B. 

      Convergent Plate Boundaries

    • C. 

      Transform Plate Boundaries

    • D. 

      All of the Above

  • 2. 
    Cross section of the lithosphere during an earthquake. What do the circles (D) around the focus represent?
    • A. 

      The epicenter of the earthquake

    • B. 

      Rocks pushing in toward the focus

    • C. 

      The fault where the earthquakes is happening

    • D. 

      Waves of energy released by the earthquake traveling outward

  • 3. 
    Volcanoes have different shapes and different types of eruptions. Which type of volcano has gently sloping sides and quiet eruptions?
    • A. 

      Composite Volcano

    • B. 

      Shield Volcano

    • C. 

      Cinder Cone Volcano

    • D. 

      Pyroclastic Volcano

  • 4. 
    The Rocky Mountains formed when the Pacific plate collided with the North American plate. Which of the following terms describes this process?
    • A. 

      Convergent Boundary

    • B. 

      Ridge Push

    • C. 

      Transform Boundary

    • D. 

      Divergent Boundary

  • 5. 
    As a glacier moves along the ground it transports rocks. These rocks pass over the ground and create scratches in the bedrock. Which statement correctly describes these processes?
    • A. 

      The transport of rocks is an example of weathering and the scratching of the bedrock is an example of erosion.

    • B. 

      The transport of rocks and the scratching of the bedrock are both examples of weathering.

    • C. 

      The transport of rocks and the scratching of the bedrock are both examples of erosion.

    • D. 

      The transport of rocks is an example of erosion and the scratching of the bedrock is an example of weathering.

  • 6. 
    The difference between the three types of rocks is
    • A. 

      The layers present

    • B. 

      The minerals they contain

    • C. 

      How they are formed

    • D. 

      Where they are found

  • 7. 
    The motion of tectonic plates can cause both slow and rapid changes in Earth's surface. Which is an example of a rapid change?
    • A. 

      Mountain Range Formation

    • B. 

      Formation of an Ocean Trench

    • C. 

      Earthquake

    • D. 

      Seafloor Spreading

  • 8. 
    • A. 

      Blocks

    • B. 

      Molten rock on Earth's surface

    • C. 

      Molten rock within Earth's crust

    • D. 

      Volcanic ash

  • 9. 
    Many of the countries shown in the map below were affected by an earthquake on December 26, 2003. The solid red lines on the map indicate the path of the waves. What term refers to the point  on the surface, shown by the  dot at the center of the waves?
    • A. 

      Fault

    • B. 

      Epicenter

    • C. 

      Focus

    • D. 

      Plate Boundary

  • 10. 
    • A. 

      Meters/day

    • B. 

      Kilometers/month

    • C. 

      Centimeters/year

    • D. 

      Meters/week

  • 11. 
    This diagram shows the formation of fault-block mountains. The arrows show the direction of force. The curving line on the top of each figure depicts a river. What does the letter J represent?  
    • A. 

      A river

    • B. 

      A rock layer

    • C. 

      The fault line

    • D. 

      Human-made border

  • 12. 
    • A. 

      The rock in the interior of a tectonic plate is stronger, so it does not deform.

    • B. 

      Earthquakes take place where energy is transferred to rock by the motion of tectonic plates.

    • C. 

      Earthquakes can only occur at places where magma can reach the surface and transfer energy to rocks.

    • D. 

      Earthquakes take place where a cold front meets a warm front.

  • 13. 
    Volcanic islands can form over hot spots. The Hawaiian islands started forming over hot spots in the Pacific Ocean millions of years ago. What process causes the hot, solid rock to rise through the mantle at these locations?
    • A. 

      Conduction

    • B. 

      Convection

    • C. 

      Radiation

    • D. 

      Condensation

  • 14. 
    • A. 

      By tension

    • B. 

      By shear stress

    • C. 

      By compression

    • D. 

      By volcanic activity

  • 15. 
    • A. 

      Shield Volcano

    • B. 

      Fissure

    • C. 

      Lava plateau

    • D. 

      Crater

  • 16. 
    • A. 

      A syncline

    • B. 

      An anticline

    • C. 

      A folded mountain

    • D. 

      A fault block mountain

  • 17. 
    • A. 

      By tension

    • B. 

      By earthquakes

    • C. 

      By shear stress

    • D. 

      By eruptions

  • 18. 
    • A. 

      Unlike lava, pyroclastic material erupts onto Earth's surface.

    • B. 

      Unlike lava, pyroclastic material is associated with violent eruptions.

    • C. 

      Unlike lava, pyroclastic material erupts from shield volcanoes.

    • D. 

      Unlike lava, pyroclastic material is associated with nonviolent eruptions.

  • 19. 
    The movement of tectonic plates can affect the Earth in several ways. Which of the following is NOT an affect of tectonic plate movement?
    • A. 

      Tsnumai Waves

    • B. 

      Seismic Waves

    • C. 

      Volcanic Formation

    • D. 

      Tornado Formation

  • 20. 
    • A. 

      Taking shelter indoors under a desk or table

    • B. 

      Falling into large cracks that form in the ground

    • C. 

      Violent winds caused by the rapid movement of the ground

    • D. 

      Collapsing buildings and other structures due to vibrations in the ground

  • 21. 
    • A. 

      An experiment should be repeated to ensure that data results are accurate.

    • B. 

      An experiment should be repeated to change the control variable.

    • C. 

      An experiment should be repeated to create graphs and write observations.

    • D. 

      An experiment should be repeated because science is fun.

  • 22. 
    In order to be classified as a mineral a substance must be...
    • A. 

      Naturally occuring

    • B. 

      Inorganic or non-living

    • C. 

      Have a crystalline structure

    • D. 

      All of the Above

  • 23. 
    The three compositional layers of Earth are the core, the mantle and the crust. Which answer best describes the crust?
    • A. 

      The central part of Earth below the mantle

    • B. 

      The thin and solid outermost layer of Earth

    • C. 

      The hot,convecting layer of rock next to the core

    • D. 

      The layer of Earth on which tectonic plates move

  • 24. 
    • A. 

      Independent Variable

    • B. 

      Scientfic Theory

    • C. 

      Fieldwork

    • D. 

      Empirical Evidence

  • 25. 
    During a class project, Felicia makes a poster to compare scientific laws and scientific theories. Which of the following statements should Felicia include on her poster to summarize the difference between scientific laws and scientific theories?
    • A. 

      Scientific theories explain why something happens, and scientific laws describe what happens.

    • B. 

      Scientific theories require scientific evidence and scientific laws do not.

    • C. 

      Scientific laws are frequently modified, but scientific theories rarely change as new information becomes available.

    • D. 

      Scientific theories are based on observation and scientific laws are based on opinions.