Earth Science Test 3.2

26 Questions | Total Attempts: 62

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Earth Science Test 3.2

You may use your notes and/or any other sources that will help you answer the following questions. You may retake the test (up to 4 times) as long as you submit your scores by SUNDAY, JANUARY 4th, 2015. No test scores will be accepted once we return to school on MONDAY, JANUARY 5th, 2015. If you have any questions or concerns, please email Mrs. Rapoport at [email protected] Com GOOD LUCK! And see you next year :)


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Compare and contrast the equator and prime meridian.  (Remember, to compare is to explain how the two are the SAME and to contrast is to explain how the two are DIFFERENT).
  • 2. 
    What elevation is point A?  The contour interval is 10 m.
  • 3. 
    What is surface run-off?
    • A. 

      A)streams or smaller rivers that flow into larger rivers

    • B. 

      B)water that flows along the surface of land

    • C. 

      C)rivers or tributaries in a watershed that resembles a tree and its branches

  • 4. 
    What is a tributary?
    • A. 

      A river that flows into a larger body of water

    • B. 

      A small pond

    • C. 

      A drainage ditch alongside the road

    • D. 

      A wetland that only has water in it at certain times of the year

  • 5. 
    What is a watershed?
    • A. 

      A body of water where fresh water from rivers mixes with salt water from the ocean

    • B. 

      A river that flows into a larger body of water

    • C. 

      An event that happens when a glacier melts and lots of water runs into the surrounding rivers

    • D. 

      The area of land where all the water drains to a common body of water

  • 6. 
     What type of landform is represented in this picture?
    • A. 

      Plain

    • B. 

      Plateau

    • C. 

      Mountain

    • D. 

      Valley

    • E. 

      Hill

  • 7. 
    The water cycle is fueled by solar energy.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    What is the ultimate source of most water on land?
    • A. 

      Evaporation of rivers

    • B. 

      Evaporation of the small lakes

    • C. 

      Evaporation of the oceans water

  • 9. 
    Rocks that form from the hardening of magma are called…
    • A. 

      Igneous rocks

    • B. 

      Metamorphic rocks

    • C. 

      Clastic rocks

    • D. 

      Organic sedimentary rocks

    • E. 

      Mafic rocks

  • 10. 
    Rocks that form from cementation and compaction of sediments are called…
    • A. 

      Igneous rocks

    • B. 

      Metamorphic rocks

    • C. 

      Sedimentary rocks

    • D. 

      Mafic rocks

  • 11. 
    Rocks that form from transformation due to pressure and heat are called
    • A. 

      Igneous rocks

    • B. 

      Metamorphic rocks

    • C. 

      Clastic rocks

    • D. 

      Sedimentary rocks

    • E. 

      Mafic rocks

  • 12. 
    This type of energy uses moving water, whether created by damning or using local rivers, to turn a turbine and create electricity.
    • A. 

      Hydro-electric power

    • B. 

      Fossil fuels

    • C. 

      Tidal power

    • D. 

      Wave power

    • E. 

      Geothermal power

    • F. 

      Nuclear power

  • 13. 
    Is the stream flow moving faster at point C or point D?
    • A. 

      C

    • B. 

      D

    • C. 

      Both the same

    • D. 

      Can't tell from the picture

  • 14. 
    What are the smaller streams, labeled E, called?
    • A. 

      Rivers

    • B. 

      Oxbows

    • C. 

      Straits

    • D. 

      Tributaries

  • 15. 
    What process is occurring at D?
    • A. 

      Erosion

    • B. 

      Deposition

    • C. 

      Sedimentation

    • D. 

      Alluvial fan

  • 16. 
    The breaking down of rocks and soil by contact with heat, ice, water, or pressure is called...
    • A. 

      Chemical weathering

    • B. 

      Physical weathering

    • C. 

      Ice wedging

    • D. 

      Thermal weathering

  • 17. 
    Where this stream’s velocity decreases from 300 to 200 centimeters per second, which size sediment will be deposited?  This question may require the Earth Science Reference Tables.
    • A. 

      Cobbles

    • B. 

      Sand

    • C. 

      Silt

    • D. 

      Clay

    • E. 

      Boulders

  • 18. 
    The table below describes the characteristics of three landscape regions, A, B, and C, found in the United States.  Which list best identifies landscapes A, B, and C?  This question may require the Earth Science Reference Tables.
    • A. 

      A- mountain, B - plain, C - plateau

    • B. 

      A - plain, B - plateau, C - mountain

    • C. 

      A - plateau, B - mountain, C - plain

    • D. 

      A - plain, B - mountain, C - plateau

    • E. 

      A- plateau, B – plain, C - mountain

  • 19. 
    The rate at which particles are deposited by a stream is least affected by the __________.
    • A. 

      Size and shape of the particles

    • B. 

      Velocity of the stream

    • C. 

      Density of the particles

    • D. 

      Stream’s elevation above sea level

  • 20. 
    Which of the following agents of erosion usually deposits sediments that are NOT sorted by size?
    • A. 

      Wind

    • B. 

      Streams and rivers

    • C. 

      Glaciers

    • D. 

      Glacial meltwater

  • 21. 
    When no more water can infiltrate it's known to.______________________
    • A. 

      FLOOD

    • B. 

      STAY THE SAME

    • C. 

      RUN OFF

    • D. 

      INFILTRATE

  • 22. 
    Intrusive rocks typically form this type of texture
    • A. 

      Coarse-grained

    • B. 

      Vesicular

    • C. 

      Fine-grained

    • D. 

      Conglomerate

    • E. 

      Porphyritic

  • 23. 
    This type of energy taps into the thermal energy generated and stored in the Earth's crust.
    • A. 

      Solar power

    • B. 

      Geothermal power

    • C. 

      Tidal power

    • D. 

      Hydro-electric power

  • 24. 
    If a stream has a velocity of 50 cm/s what is the name of the largest particle that this stream can carry?  Use your ESRT p. 6
    • A. 

      Sand

    • B. 

      Boulder

    • C. 

      Pebble

    • D. 

      Clay

  • 25. 
    If a sediment has a diameter of .002 cm, what would the velocity of the stream be? 
    • A. 

      100 cm/s

    • B. 

      10 cm/s

    • C. 

      1.0 cm/s

    • D. 

      0.1 cm/s

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