Baron de Montesquieu.
The Marquis de Sade.
Believed in a strong national government.
Believed in limiting the power of the national government.
Supported a strong central executive branch.
Supported a strong judicial branch.
Reasons why the Articles of Confederation failed as a form of government.
Battles over whether the South or North would be most important to the country’s financial well-being.
Arguments over whether the executive, legislative, or judicial branch would be supreme in the federal government.
Issues faced in the struggle between federal and state authority.
Many colonists returned from dissenting religious groups to the Church of England.
Colonists began to emphasize weekly church attendance as a sign of salvation.
The colonists began to challenge the hierarchical structure of existing religious denominations.
Singing became a more important part of church services.
The objection of the native Americans in Utah to the Mormons’ settlement there.
Their practice of polygamy.
Their large families.
Their reliance on the Book of Mormon in addition to the Bible.
Buying 90% of the steel mills in the United States.
Refusing to negotiate with the union representing his workers.
Buying coal mines, limestone quarries, and iron ore fields to provide the materials he needed for making steel.
Organizing all his companies under the umbrella of a holding company.
Increased immigration and industrial development.
Migration of vast numbers of southern African Americans and of farmers.
Improvements in transportation and in communication.
The inventions of the electric light bulb and moving picture camera.
Their power to recommend deportation for particular immigrants.
Their service in providing relief from poverty to the poor and recent immigrants.
Control of city police and fire departments.
Their control of the press.
One’s patriotism should be expressed through Christian faith.
The poor should adhere to high standards of morality despite their circumstances.
Good works are necessary to get to heaven.
We should assist the less fortunate according to the biblical idea of charity.
The Social Gospel.
Travel would be cheaper.
Its members were socialists.
It would help the small farmer.
Americans could share in the profits.
Immigrants refused to participate, creating increased nativism.
Immigrants resented the loss of their cultural heritage.
The cost of building schools depleted the American treasury.
Immigrants fought to move into the upscale parts of cities.
Place a banking system under the direct control of Congress.
Decentralize the banking industry in order to allow for local control of money.
Protect the banking industry by removing the country from the gold standard.
Create a banking system that could regulate the amount of money in circulation.
Differences between rural and urban culture.
Upton Sinclair’s publication of The Jungle.
An increase in liquor prices.
Nineteenth Amendment establishing women’s right to vote.
Eighteenth Amendment establishing Prohibition.
Fourteenth Amendment establishing the right to equal treatment under the law.
Thirteenth Amendment abolishing slavery.
The increasing number of women elected to state office.
Women’s participation in World War I.
The efforts of men who supported the Amendment.
The support of President Woodrow Wilson.