DNA Structure,replication,translation,transcription And Protein Synthesis Exam

42 Questions

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DNA Quizzes & Trivia

Quiz vsgnjwvuobtvnh juglsiencm


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    DNA and RNA are different because:
    • A. 

      DNA uses Uracil while RNA uses Thymine

    • B. 

      DNA is double stranded while RNA is triple stranded

    • C. 

      DNA is only found in the nucleus while RNA can travel anywhere in the cell

    • D. 

      DNA is made of four bases while RNA is made of five bases

    • E. 

      B and C are correct

  • 2. 
    Using the following DNA sequence, what would be the corresponding DNA strand? ATTGCGACCGAG
    • A. 

      UAACGCUGGCUC

    • B. 

      AUUGCGACCGAG

    • C. 

      TAACGCTCCCTC

    • D. 

      UATCGCTGGCUC

    • E. 

      None of the above are correct

  • 3. 
    • A. 

      Messenger

    • B. 

      Transcription

    • C. 

      Transfer

    • D. 

      Ribosomal

    • E. 

      These are all types of RNA

  • 4. 
    • A. 

      In the nucleus

    • B. 

      In the cytoplasm

    • C. 

      At the ribosome

    • D. 

      In the mitochondrion

  • 5. 
    When transcription occurs, what molecules are involved?
    • A. 

      DNA and rRNA

    • B. 

      DNA, mRNA, amino acids, and rRNA

    • C. 

      DNA and tRNA

    • D. 

      DNA and mRNA

  • 6. 
    When translation occurs, what molecules are involved?
    • A. 

      DNA, mRNA, tRNA, rRNA, and amino acids

    • B. 

      DNA and mRNA

    • C. 

      DNA and rRNA

    • D. 

      DNA, rRNA, and tRNA

  • 7. 
    • A. 

      ATTCGTAAGGCTC

    • B. 

      AUUCGUAAGGCUC

    • C. 

      UTTCGTUUGGCTC

    • D. 

      UUUGCUUUCCGUG

  • 8. 
    • A. 

      Nucleus

    • B. 

      Ribosomes

    • C. 

      Golgi Apparatus

    • D. 

      Cholorplast

  • 9. 
    • A. 

      To bring the DNA message to the mitochondrion

    • B. 

      To bring the tRNA message to the nucleus

    • C. 

      To bring the DNA message to the ribosome

    • D. 

      To take amino acids to the ribosome

  • 10. 
    An mRNA codon has the following sequence:  ACU What is the corresponding tRNA sequence called, and what would the sequence be?
    • A. 

      Codex; UGA

    • B. 

      Codon; TGA

    • C. 

      TCode; TGU

    • D. 

      Anticodon; UGA

  • 11. 
    A DNA strand has the following sequence: GATTCGAATCGATTAG 1) What would the corresponding DNA sequence be? 2) What would the corresponding mRNA sequence be? 3) What would the corresponding tRNA sequence be? 4) Using the link here: Amino Acid Table      What would the sequence of Amino Acids be for this DNA strand?  HINT:  REMEMBER WHAT YOU ARE USING TO FIND THE AMINO ACIDS!!!!!!!!!
  • 12. 
    An mRNA strand is being matched up to a DNA strand inside the nucleus. What is this stage of gene expression called?
  • 13. 
  • 14. 
  • 15. 
  • 16. 
  • 17. 
    • A. 

      Cytoplasm

    • B. 

      Food

    • C. 

      The sun

  • 18. 
  • 19. 
    The decoding of mRNA into a protein is called what?
  • 20. 
  • 21. 
    • A. 

      Has double helix

    • B. 

      Has single strand

    • C. 

      Is loacted in nucleus

    • D. 

      Is located in and out of nucleus

    • E. 

      Has guanine

    • F. 

      Has uracil

    • G. 

      Has thymine

    • H. 

      Has an R instead of D

  • 22. 
    This nucleic acid makes up the ribosome's structure
  • 23. 
    This nucleic acid brings amino acids to the ribosome for protein making
  • 24. 
    This nucleic acid brings instructions from inside the nucleus to the ribosome
  • 25. 
    This nucleic acid has instructions for gene expression.
  • 26. 
    What are the four nitrogen bases for DNA?
    • A. 

      Uracil, Thymine, Adenine, and Guanine

    • B. 

      Cytosine, Thymine, Adenine, Guanine

    • C. 

      Thymine, Adenine, Lytosine, Guanine

    • D. 

      Thymine, Adenise, Guanine, Cytosol

  • 27. 
    Which strand grows continuously towards the replication fork?
    • A. 

      Lagging strand

    • B. 

      DNA strand

    • C. 

      RNA strand

    • D. 

      Replicating strand

    • E. 

      Leading strand

  • 28. 
    DNA polymerase III builds new strands from scratch during DNA replication. True or False?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 29. 
    The lagging strand is the new strand that grows discontinuously away from the replication fork.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 30. 
    The new DNA strand formed after DNA replication is an exact copy of its parent strand. True of False?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    • C. 

      I don't know.

  • 31. 
    1. When DNA is copied, the process is called __________________________.
  • 32. 
    _______________________ is the enzyme the “unzips” the DNA.
  • 33. 
    _______________________ is the enzyme that adds more nucleotides to the new piece of DNA.
  • 34. 
    The enzyme that adds new nucleotides to an RNA strand is called ____________________.
  • 35. 
    Given the following DNA strand, what is the complementary DNA strand: TACGGCATGTGCTCAATT
  • 36. 
    Given the DNA strand in the previous question, what is the mRNA sequence?
  • 37. 
    Based on the mRNA you figured out in the last question, what is the amino acid sequence that corresponds?
  • 38. 
    In what part of the cell does DNA replication occur?  
  • 39. 
    In what part of the cell does transcription occur?  
  • 40. 
    In what part of the cell does translation occur? 
  • 41. 
    • A. 

      Watson and Crick

    • B. 

      Franklin and Wilkins

    • C. 

      Hersey and Chase

    • D. 

      Griffith and Avery

  • 42. 
    In what structure does translation occur?
    • A. 

      The Nucleus

    • B. 

      The Golgi Apparatus

    • C. 

      The Ribosomes

    • D. 

      The Endoplasmic Reticulum