Dungarvin: Defensive Driving Training! Trivia Questions Quiz

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Dungarvin: Defensive Driving Training! Trivia Questions Quiz - Quiz

Principles of Dungarvin's Defensive Driving Training. Demonstrate the ability to operate a motor vehicle in accordance with the training Identify and report concerns in compliance with Dungarvin Police


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
     
    • Vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death of persons under the age of 34. 
    • A person born in 2001 has a 1 in 23 lifetime chance of dying of unintentional injuries, and a large portion of this risk comes from the probability of dying in a car crash.
    • Note that persons born in other years have somewhat different odds since the stats are based on each year’s actual fatality statistics.  Stats taken from National Safety Council.
    Often, we take the word “accident” to mean that we have no control over what happens, but that is not entirely true.  Accidents are unintended events, but unintended does not equal unpreventable.      Among other things, defensive driving:  
    • means that you don’t rely on the other guy to watch out for you. 
    • means that you ensure that your vehicle and other equipment is in satisfactory operating condition. 
    • means that you don’t assume the other driver is competent and alert, no matter the age group or the gender, or what kind of car s/he’s driving, or whether there’s a “Baby on Board” or “Student Driver” sign on the vehicle. 
    • and it means that you sometimes have to make the decision not to drive at all!
    There are several things we can't control while driving.  In fact, there are only two that you can: You and Your Car! The others are listed below:
    • Light/visibility
    • Weather conditions
    • Road conditions (type/condition)
    • Traffic (passengers, other drivers, cyclists)
    Most accidents are caused by driver error—about 85% in the state of Wisconsin according to the Wisconsin Department of Transportation.    
  • 2. 
    People often think that driver fatigue means falling asleep at the wheel. Falling asleep, however, is an extreme form of fatigue. Fatigue is tiredness, weariness or exhaustion. You can be fatigued enough for it to impair your driving long before you 'nod off' at the wheel. For example, when you are fatigued: ·        your reactions are much slower ·        your ability to concentrate is reduced ·        it takes longer to interpret and understand the traffic situation. Why fatigue is a problem The most common effects of fatigue on driving are: ·        difficulty keeping your car within a lane ·        drifting off the road ·        more frequent and unnecessary changes in speed ·        not reacting in time to avoid a dangerous situation. These effects lead to a high number of single vehicle crashes involving a car striking a tree or other rigid object, and severe head-on collisions. Any amount of alcohol can combine with fatigue to affect your driving.  Note: (In Wisconsin 85% of driver accidents are alcohol related) Speed Speed and fatigue are also a bad combination. The faster you drive, the less time you have to react to the unexpected. When you're tired, fatigue slows your reactions.  As with alcohol, it's possible that speed makes up a larger proportion of fatigue-related crashes than we can identify. Speed often goes unreported in crashes because drivers don't often admit they were speeding, especially if they've admitted they were tired. Causes of fatigue Sleep loss Loss of sleep is one of the main, and most commonly known, causes of fatigue. Everyone has a basic sleep need. This can vary from person to person, but the average is seven to eight hours a day. If you don't get a full night's sleep, you're likely to be fatigued the following day. As little as two hours sleep loss on one occasion can affect reaction time, mental functioning, memory, mood and alertness. Several nights of restricted sleep leads to a sleep debt. If you allow a sleep debt to get too large, the brain will eventually go to sleep involuntarily (micro-sleep), even if this puts you at risk. Micro-sleeps generally only last a brief period, but can be very dangerous if they happen while you're driving. For example, if a driver has a micro-sleep for just one second while travelling at a sesible speed, the car will have far without a driver in control. Circadian rhythms We have an in-built body clock in the brain, coordinating daily cycles known as circadian rhythms. The clock programmes us to feel very sleepy between 3 am and 5 am, and to experience a secondary peak in sleepiness between 3 pm and 5 pm. At these times, you'll experience your worst physical and mental performance of the day. There's an increase in fatigue-related crashes at these times. Time spent on a driving 'task' Studies that have looked at driving 'tasks' show that the length of time spent on a task affects the quality of performance. As more time is spent on a task the level of fatigue increases, the time to react is slowed, attention and judgement are reduced, and the chances of falling asleep during the task are increased. Everyone can be affected by fatigue One needs to get plenty of sleep before a long journey. Plan to drive during times of the day when you're normally awake, and stay overnight rather than travelling straight through. Avoid driving during times when we're programmed to be sleepy. Take a mid-afternoon break and find a place to sleep between midnight and 6 am. Take breaks and have a nap Schedule a break at least once every two hours, and whenever you begin to feel sleepy. During a break get out of your vehicle and have a walk, or some form of exercise, to increase alertness. If you're feeling sleepy, have a nap. If you realise you need a nap, don't wait. Find the first safe place and pull over. Try to avoid napping in the driver's seat, and try not to nap for longer than 40 minutes. Naps up to 40 minutes can be very refreshing, but naps longer than 40 minutes can leave you feeling groggy and disoriented for up to 10 to 15 minutes after you wake up. (This is called sleep inertia.) Food and drink Eat sensibly throughout the journey, but avoid large meals. They can make you drowsy, particularly at lunchtime. Stay hydrated. Caffeine drinks (tea, coffee and cola drinks) help you stay alert, but they take time to be effective. Research has shown that drinking a caffeinated drink, followed by a 20 minute nap, improves alertness in the short term. Get fresh air into the vehicle You'll find it easier to stay alert if you have fresh air blowing into your vehicle. On long journeys it's best if you don't use the recirculating air function. Share the driving If possible, share the driving. Environmental stimulation Conversation and music can help you stay alert, but they're only short-term solutions. The best solution is finding somewhere to stop and sleep. Avoid medications that make you drowsy Avoid taking medications, both prescribed and over-the-counter, that lead to drowsiness. Examples of medications to avoid are some antihistamines, travel sickness tablets, sleeping pills, some cold preparations and some pain killers. Always read the packaging of your medications before you drive, to make sure they won't affect your alertness. If you're unsure, ask your pharmacist.  
  • 3. 
    • is polite
    • doesn’t drive tired
    • doesn’t drive after taking alcohol/medications/other drugs
    • assumes other drivers’ mistakes are not personal
    • uses the horn sparingly, as a “watch out”—not a “move it”—message
    • doesn’t use obscene language or gestures
    • avoids using high-beam headlights when it will affect another driver
    • takes care not to hit neighboring parked cars with his/her car door
    • doesn’t inflict loud music on neighboring cars
    • pulls over to talk on the phone or deal with other distractions
    • avoids blocking right-hand turn lanes
    • doesn’t tailgate
    • signals before switching lanes & turning
    • takes up only one parking space
    • pulls over and allows traffic to pass, when traveling slowly
    • doesn’t stop in the roadway to talk to pedestrians or other drivers
    • avoids challenges and conflicts on the road
  • 4. 
    • Keeps both hands on the wheel
    • Secures passengers & equipment
    • Scans
    • Signals
    • Avoids unnecessary moves
    • Reduces speed
    • Covers the brake
    • Maintains a cushion of space
  • 5. 
    What are the two things you can control in regards to driving?
    • A. 

      You and Your Braking Procedure

    • B. 

      Low Visability and Construction Sites on the road

    • C. 

      You and Your Car

    • D. 

      Your Car and Your passenger

  • 6. 
    How many driving accidents are affected by alcohol in the state of Wisconsin?
    • A. 

      3%

    • B. 

      85%

    • C. 

      92%

    • D. 

      50%

  • 7. 
    Getting enough sleep is the number one way to avoid having alertness errors while driving.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    A curtious driver does not tailgate.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    A proactive driver covers the brake.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    You are driver A and you are sure driver C sees you, is it okay for you to pass B?
    • A. 

      Yes

    • B. 

      No

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