Day 36 Discussion

56 Questions

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Day 36 Discussion

Day 36 discussion.


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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Neurodegenerative disorder associated with autonomic failure due to loss of preganglionic autonomic neurons in the spinal cord and brain stem thus leading to difficulty in body temperature regulation, fluid, and electrolyte balance and blood pressure.
  • 2. 
    Visceral afferent axons in the glossopharyngeal nerve and ESPECIALLY THIS NERVE carry a variety of sensations to the brain stem from the heart, great vessels, and respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts
  • 3. 
    Pupil Dilation (mydriasis), changing lens shape for far vision, increase heart rate, bronchodilation, increases sweat gland secretion, and increases blood flow to the skeletal muscles and decreases blood flow the digestive system and urinary tract are examples of what stimulation?
  • 4. 
    Benign prostetic hyperplasia is often treated with this class of drugs to cause relaxation of the upper urethral sphincter, which increases urine outflow.
  • 5. 
    Stimulation of this system in the autonomic nervous system results in a decrease in heart rate, closing of the airways, AND increased blood flow to the digestive and urinary tracts.
  • 6. 
    If the heart were removed from the body and kept alive, its pulse would speed up due to lack of which ANS part?
  • 7. 
    The sympathetic response of THIS organ are glycogenolysis and gluconeogensis. Its receptors are alpha-1, and Beta-2
  • 8. 
    The name of this Parasympatetic division indicates that the preganglionic parasympathetic neurons originate in some cranial nerves and in the sacral region of the spinal cord
  • 9. 
  • 10. 
    The preganglionic Neurons are divided into Symp and Parasymp neurons. The symp neurons are also known as the ______ division of the ANS
  • 11. 
    The preganglionic Neurons are divided into Symp and Parasymp neurons. The parasymp. neurons are known as the ______ division of the ANS
  • 12. 
    Stimulation of THIS DIVISION of the ANS increases blood flow to the digestive and urinary tracts and causes increased gastrointestinal motility and secretions of bladder contraction
  • 13. 
    Most post ganglionic sympathetic nerve fibers release what neurotransmitter
  • 14. 
    RThese neurons project to and synapse with any involuntary effector tissues and organs, including the heart, smooth muscle of the bronchi, smooth muscles of the blood vessels, digestive tracct, urinary tract, and structures of the eye. (4 words)
  • 15. 
    The iris has THIS type of adrenergic receptor
  • 16. 
    The prevertebral ganglia of the sympathetic division of the ANS (give one of the three, or ALL no puncuation)
  • 17. 
    The prevertebral ganglia of the sympathetic division of the ANS are the Inferior mesenteric, Superior Mesenteric, and Celiac ganglion
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    Check all the truth
    • A. 

      The sympathetic NS of the ANS has [norepinephrine(epineprhine)--->adrenaline] as a neurotransmitter, and its receptors are adrenergic a1,a2,B1-3.

    • B. 

      The parasympathetic NS of the ANS has acetylcholine as a neurotransmitter, and its receptors are muscarinic/cholinergic M1-5.

    • C. 

      Preganglionic parasympathetic neurons are much longer in length than preganglionic sympathetic neurons

    • D. 

      Postganglionic parasympathetic neurons are much shorter in length than postganglionic sympathetic neurons

    • E. 

      No one in the world can lick their elbow

  • 19. 
  • 20. 
    This part of the peripheral NS contains one type of motor neurons (alpha-motor neurons) its neurotransmitters are Ach which have nicotinic receptors
  • 21. 
  • 22. 
    The first neuron in the series conducting impulses from the CNS to the effector tissue is
  • 23. 
    The second neuron in the series conducting impulses from the CNS to the effector tissue is
  • 24. 
  • 25. 
    The sympathetic neuronal pathway is characterized by a short preganglionic neuron. Which vertebrae regions of the spinal column correspond to these sympathetic pathways?
    • A. 

      Thoracic (T1-T12)

    • B. 

      Cervical (C1-C7)

    • C. 

      Lumbar (L1-L5)

    • D. 

      Sacral (S1-S5)

    • E. 

      Coccygeal

    • F. 

      Lumbar (L1-L3)

  • 26. 
    There are two neurons associated with the ANS, the pre-ganglionic and postganglionic neruons. Where is the pre ganglionic located?
  • 27. 
    There are two neurons associated with the ANS, the pre-ganglionic and postganglionic neruons. Where is the postganglionic located?
  • 28. 
    Lopressor is used in the treatment of hypertension because it is a b blocker (a selective b1 antagonist).  It would decrease heart rate, cardiac conduction, force of contraction and cardiac output.  this lowers blood pressure
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 29. 
    • A. 

      Tachycardia

    • B. 

      Bradycardia

  • 30. 
  • 31. 
    Energy production in the liver is caused by the stimulation of gylcogen into glucose by what region of the prevertebral ganglia?
  • 32. 
    In ANS, neurotransmitters released by pre-ganglionic neurons generally bind to which receptors?
  • 33. 
  • 34. 
    • A. 

      Diffusion

    • B. 

      Reuptake by A-2 Adrenergic receptors

    • C. 

      MAO enzyme

    • D. 

      COMT Enzyme

    • E. 

      All the above

  • 35. 
    When comparing the divisions of the PNS (somatosensory and autonmic) what are the 3 differences?
    • A. 

      Location of Neurons

    • B. 

      Number of Neurons

    • C. 

      Neurotransmitter

    • D. 

      Receptors

    • E. 

      Same thing, just a different name

  • 36. 
    The symp. stimulation causes what in the pupil?
  • 37. 
  • 38. 
  • 39. 
    • A. 

      Prevertebral Ganglia

    • B. 

      Postvertebral Ganglia

  • 40. 
    Check the Ganglia of the Prevertebral Ganglia
    • A. 

      Acetylcholine Ganglion

    • B. 

      Superior Mesenteric Ganglion

    • C. 

      Inferior Mesenteric Ganglion

    • D. 

      Nicotinic Ganglion

    • E. 

      Celiac Ganglion

  • 41. 
  • 42. 
  • 43. 
    Both Acetylcholine and Norepinephrine can be found at the postganglionic synapse of which division of the peripheral autonomic nervous system?
  • 44. 
    The Sweat Glands have two unique features pertaining to the parasympathetic/sympathetic divisions. What are these to features?
    • A. 

      Involved in both Parasympahetic and Sympathetic System

    • B. 

      Only Parasymp

    • C. 

      Only symp

    • D. 

      Postganglionic neuron is Norepinephrine

    • E. 

      Postganglionic Neuron is acetycholine

    • F. 

      Postganglionic Neuron is Epinephrine

    • G. 

      It has no postganglionic neuron

  • 45. 
    The term craniosacral indicates the location of the nerve, starts in the sacral, terminates in the cranium.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 46. 
    Preganglionic parasympathetic neurons originate in the these two places.
  • 47. 
    In the parasympathetic nervous system, the preganglionic receptors are nicotinic and the postganglionic receptors are ______.
  • 48. 
    In the parasympathetic nervous system, the preganglionic receptors are _______ and the postganglionic receptors are muscarinic
  • 49. 
    The parasympathetic division of the ANS causes the airway to ______ while the sympathetic division of the ANS causes the airway to______.(WORD; WORD)
  • 50. 
    The sympathetic division of the ANS works to accelerate the heart rate, while the parasympathetic division works to slow the heart rate. Which chemicals cause the acceleration of the heart rate?
  • 51. 
    The sympathetic division of the ANS works to accelerate the heart rate, while the parasympathetic division works to slow the heart rate. Which chemicals cause the slowing of the heart rate?
  • 52. 
    Alpha one receptors in skeletal muscle blood vessels are responsible for?
  • 53. 
    This gland is stimulate to secrete epinephrine and noepinephrine.  It is also the only part of the sympathetic division that does not use the paravertebral or prevertebral ganlia for in its pathway of stimulation.
  • 54. 
    LThis gland is stimulate to secrete epinephrine and noepinephrine
  • 55. 
    Goosebumps, or hair follicle response to sympathetic system stimulation, is called ___________?
  • 56. 
    B1- adrenergic receptors are primarily situated in THIS organ, but can also be found in THIS organ.
    • A. 

      Heart, Kidneys

    • B. 

      Adrenal Gland, Heart

    • C. 

      Kidneys, Adenoids

    • D. 

      Heart, Adrenal Gland