differences between locomotor and axial movements
cultural background and heritage of dance
Differences between formal dance styles and “street dance”
Aesthetic interpretation and awareness of form
A pre-set series of maneuvers memorized by both partners
Specific physical cues from the partner who is leading
A general awareness of space, time, levels, and force/energy
The instructions of a choreographer
It contains simple, easy-to-remember lyrics.
it employs short, repetitive stanzas.
It requires extensive vocal range.
It is highly visual and can be physicalized.
The lead sheet would indicate only the basic melody and chord changes. The jazz performers would be expected to “flesh out” the piece by adding improvisation, ornaments, and chordal accompaniment.
The lead sheet would provide detailed notation of the many complex transitions, ornaments, harmonies and other elements distinctive to jazz. Experienced jazz performers would be expected to quickly read and play the piece exactly as noted.
The lead sheet, designed specifically to played by the trumpet or saxophone, would form the core of the piece and would be most useful for a small ensemble which usually must play without direction from a conductor.
The lead sheet would detail the melody of the piece, but not the rhythm. The performers would each make individual choices about changes to the tempo and metrical pattern as the piece is played.
The action of the antagonist in resisting the protagonist’s goal
The design of the set and props for each scene
Positioning the actors on the stage and mapping their movements
The mood created by factors such as lighting design
Having students write up a character bio, including where their character works, their family history, etc.
Making up a situation in which a student’s character must make a choice, and then asking them to play out the scene.
Asking students to make a list of their 10 favorite movie characters.
Having students pretend to feel different emotions and demonstrate those feelings visually, without speaking.
By juxtaposing the difficult labor of the three, stooped-over peasant women against the leisurely aristocratic overseer in the background on horseback, Millet is emphasizing the unjust disparity between the working class and upper class in 1850s society.
By using drab, faded colors, Millet is creating a mood of sadness which underpins the difficult, backbreaking labors of the poor.
By obscuring the three women’s faces, Millet is emphasizing the anonymity of peasant class laborers who formed the backbone of 1850s economic growth in France, yet will likely be forgotten in the annals of history.
By positioning the three women prominently in the frame, Millet is emphasizing the importance of the labors of the working class to 1850s society.
Long periods of jogging from one end of the court to the other
creating accuracy in shooting through repetition
Cutting around a defender while dribbling
Jumping vertically when rebounding
Spinning the ball off the fingertips and following through with the arm
swinging the non-throwing arm and lifting the front leg just before release
holding the torso as motionless as possible and visually focusing on the ball
Gripping the ball directly in the middle with the laces away from the fingers
Greater body awareness
Reduced risk of heart disease
Reduced risk of all types of cancer
Provide easy access to diabetes supplies
Make sure snacks are available to treat low blood sugar
Excuse the student from all forms of cardiovascular exercise
Allow free access to bathrooms and water during class
A ground ball is caught when the player is at bat
the player is tagged by another player possessing the ball
A base is tagged by a player possessing the ball before a runner reaches it
A batter swings at, and misses, three pitches
run 1 mile without walking
perform forward and backward tumbles
Demonstrate a simple routine on the uneven bars
dribble a ball with control while jogging
Multiple components of movement
Static balancing or staying in place while resisting external forces
Components of both movement and resisting external forces while staying in place
Quickly changing direction
building habits that encourage lifelong health and physical fitness
Using competitive sports as an instructional tool to teach teamwork
Preparing student athletes for collegiate sports careers
Individual accomplishments without a system of testing or awards
For sociological reasons, girls tend to focus more on pleasing teachers and authority figures.
Girls tend to develop fine motor skills earlier than boys.
Boys write sloppily in order to appear masculine.
The musculature in girls’ hands is different than boys’, allowing them a greater degree of control.
Having the student organize a small sports activity for the class
Having the student self-evaluate fitness levels and set goals for improvement
Assigning the student to care for class sports supplies
having the student pick teams during a competitive sports activity
A child using accommodation to modify his schema
Habituation based on similar repeated stimuli
Success in a task through scaffolding
Gardner’s eight facets of multiple intelligence
Analytic, creative, and practical intelligence
Tests such as the Wechsler and Stanford-Binet
three factors contributing to academic performance (memory, vocabulary, and problem solving)
constant need for the caregiver’s presence
Help the adolescent define a sense of identity
Allow the adolescent to defy authority figures
Are often the first opportunities for autonomy
Are directly tied to academic success
children depend on modeling to develop various aspects of their personality
They can take the place of peer relationships
They prevent self-efficacy
Children require these relationships in order to develop language skills
Inability to handle peer pressure
Possible projections or misinterpretations of others observing the child
Cultural biases inherent in the examinations you have given to the child
Whether you have observed the child for a sufficient time period to get a holistic sense of his or her behaviors
whether the child is modifying his or her behaviors due to your observation