Learn About Criminology Quiz

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Criminology Quizzes & Trivia

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  • 1. 
    According to the wheel of terrorism, which is not a transnational crime that is directly relevant to terrorism?
    • A. 

      Illicit arms trafficking

    • B. 

      Money laundering

    • C. 

      Animal poaching

    • D. 

      Computer crime

  • 2. 
    Who initially coined the term “criminology” in 1885?
    • A. 

      Cesare Lombroso

    • B. 

      Raffaele Garofalo

    • C. 

      Enrico Ferri

    • D. 

      Paul Topinard

  • 3. 
    •Edwin H. Sutherland mandated that criminologists, like all other scientists, collect information for study and analysis in accordance with •a.  the research methods of modern science. •b.  history. •c.  the law. •d.  what the research design will allow.
    • A. 

      The research methods of modern science

    • B. 

      History

    • C. 

      The law

    • D. 

      What the research design will allow

  • 4. 
    Which one of the following disciplines is related to criminology?
    • A. 

      Sociology

    • B. 

      Economics

    • C. 

      Political science

    • D. 

      All of these

  • 5. 
    Criminology is the scientific study of
    • A. 

      The making of laws.

    • B. 

      The breaking of laws.

    • C. 

      Society’s reaction to the breaking of laws.

    • D. 

      All of these

  • 6. 
    Natural-law philosophers believed that:  
    • A. 

      Some forms of behavior are innately criminal.

    • B. 

      Homicide and theft should not be universally condemned.

    • C. 

      Criminology is narrowly focused on crime

    • D. 

      None of these

  • 7. 
    All early societies punished acts that were detrimental to their existence, such as:  
    • A. 

      Homicide

    • B. 

      Treason

    • C. 

      Theft

    • D. 

      Vandalism

  • 8. 
    Which of the following is considered to be the earliest complete legal code in existence?
    • A. 

      The Roman Law of the Twelve Tables

    • B. 

      Egyptian law

    • C. 

      The Latin law of mala prohibita

    • D. 

      The Babylonian Code of Hammurabi

  • 9. 
    According to Emile Durkheim, an act can be considered criminal if it violates or offends the:
    • A. 

      Criminal law.

    • B. 

      Civil law.

    • C. 

      Collective conscience.

    • D. 

      Natural law.

  • 10. 
    The consensus model of law assumes that:
    • A. 

      Members of society by and large agree on what is right.

    • B. 

      The appropriate object of criminological investigation is conflict within society.

    • C. 

      The criminal justice system is a means of controlling the classes that have no power.

    • D. 

      The criminal law expresses the values of the ruling class in a society.

  • 11. 
    The conflict model of law assumes that:
    • A. 

      Certain acts are deemed so threatening to the society’s survival that they are designated crimes.

    • B. 

      The criminal law expresses the values of the ruling class within a society.

    • C. 

      Members of a society by and large agree on what is right.

    • D. 

      Society is a stable entity in which laws are created for the general good.

  • 12. 
    •The term “criminal justice system” is: •a.  a term coined in 1887. •b.  relatively new. •c.  a European term. •d.  synonymous with the term “criminology.”
    • A. 

      A term coined in 1887.

    • B. 

      Relatively new.

    • C. 

      A European term.

    • D. 

      Synonymous with the term “criminology.”

  • 13. 
    Scientists who study the criminal justice system are referred to as:  
    • A. 

      Sociologists.

    • B. 

      Criminologists.

    • C. 

      Criminalists.

    • D. 

      Criminal justice specialists.

  • 14. 
    Criminology generally focuses on the study of:
    • A. 

      Decision-making processes.

    • B. 

      The efficiency of the criminal justice system.

    • C. 

      Correctional systems.

    • D. 

      Criminality.

  • 15. 
    Criminal justice generally focuses on all of the following areas except:
    • A. 

      The just treatment of offenders.

    • B. 

      The needs of victims.

    • C. 

      Crime.

    • D. 

      The effect of sentencing philosophy.

  • 16. 
    The United States has well over _____ criminal justice systems.
    • A. 

      50

    • B. 

      100

    • C. 

      150

    • D. 

      There is only one unified criminal justice system in the United States.

  • 17. 
    Which of the following are international crimes?
    • A. 

      Crimes against the peace and security of mankind

    • B. 

      Genocides

    • C. 

      War crimes

    • D. 

      All of these

  • 18. 
    Which of the following is not a characteristic of terrorism?
    • A. 

      It involves the use or threat of violence.

    • B. 

      It is politically motivated.

    • C. 

      It is generally local in nature.

    • D. 

      It is related to a host of transnational crimes.

  • 19. 
    Which of the following transnational crimes is not related to the financial support of terrorism?
    • A. 

      Illicit drug trafficking

    • B. 

      Destruction of cultural property

    • C. 

      Money laundering

    • D. 

      Nfiltration of legal business

  • 20. 
    Who generated the most widely accepted definition of criminology?
    • A. 

      Cesare Beccaria

    • B. 

      Edwin Sutherland

    • C. 

      Cesare Lombroso

    • D. 

      Raffaele Garofalo

  • 21. 
    Criminologists distinguish between which two conflicting perspectives on the origin of criminal law?
    • A. 

      Political and scientific

    • B. 

      Sociological and psychological

    • C. 

      Criminological and criminal justice

    • D. 

      Conflict and consensus

  • 22. 
    •Raffaele Garofalo coined the term “criminology” in 1885.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    •Criminology is not an empirical science.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    •The term “deviance” describes behavior that violates social norms.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    •Conflict theorists view society as a stable entity in which laws are created for the general good.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 26. 
    •Crime has become globalized.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 27. 
    •The facts and observations that researchers gather for the purpose of a particular study are called secondary data.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 28. 
    •Researchers who take part in many of the activities of the groups they are studying to gain acceptance, while making clear the purpose of their participation, are engaging in participant observation.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 29. 
    •For the purposes of research, individuals that are under penal supervision are considered to be members of a  “vulnerable population,” and special provisions regarding informed consent and the protection of privacy must be taken when involving them in research.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 30. 
    •All law enforcement agencies in the United States are required to contribute information on crime in their jurisdictions to the FBI for the Uniform Crime Reports.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 31. 
    •According to the UCR, traffic violations are Part II crimes.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 32. 
    •. _______________ allows scientists to test hypotheses about how two or more variables are related.
    • A. 

      Experimentation

    • B. 

      Case study

    • C. 

      Surveys

    • D. 

      Nonparticipant observation

  • 33. 
    •A(n) ______________ is an analysis of all pertinent aspects of one unit of study, such as an individual, an institution, a group, or a community.
    • A. 

      Experiment

    • B. 

      Case study

    • C. 

      Survey

    • D. 

      Participant observation

  • 34. 
    •For the purposes of research, which group is not considered a vulnerable population?
    • A. 

      The mentally ill

    • B. 

      Children

    • C. 

      Adult females

    • D. 

      Those of low social status

  • 35. 
    •According to the UCR, which of the following crimes is considered to be a crime against property?
    • A. 

      Motor vehicle theft

    • B. 

      Robbery

    • C. 

      Aggravated assault

    • D. 

      Traffic violations

  • 36. 
    •Which of the following statements is not true about the UCR? •a.  It provides an estimate of the frequency of crime in the United States. •b.  It provides crime rates. •c.  It includes the number of offenses cleared by arrest. •d.  It differentiates between completed acts and attempted acts.
    • A. 

      It provides an estimate of the frequency of crime in the United States.

    • B. 

      It provides crime rates.

    • C. 

      It includes the number of offenses cleared by arrest.

    • D. 

      It differentiates between completed acts and attempted acts.

  • 37. 
    •The National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) measures the extent of victimization by
    • A. 

      Rape and robbery.

    • B. 

      Homicide.

    • C. 

      Arson.

    • D. 

      Suicide.

  • 38. 
    •CR Part II offenses are excluded from the NCVS for all of the following reasons except  
    • A. 

      Many of them are considered victimless.

    • B. 

      They are not that serious.

    • C. 

      Often the victims are willing participants.

    • D. 

      The victims do not know that they have been victimized.

  • 39. 
    • •What are some of the limitations of the NCVS? •a.  The NCVS includes only seven offenses. •b.  The data reported suffers from the fact that memories may fade over time. •c.   all of these •d.  all of these   •
    • A. 

      The NCVS includes only seven offenses.

    • B. 

      The data reported suffers from the fact that memories may fade over time.

    • C. 

      Some individual variations in interviewing and recording style occur, resulting in variation in the information recorded.

    • D. 

      all of these

  • 40. 
    •Self-report surveys reveal which of the following?  
    • A. 

      Only a small percentage of the general population commits crime

    • B. 

      Boys and girls commit the same amount of offenses.

    • C. 

      Unrecorded offenders commit a wide variety of offenses, rather than specializing in one type of offense.

    • D. 

      There is no relationship between violence and educational attainment.

  • 41. 
    •What are some of the limitations of self-report surveys?
    • A. 

      They represent a wide range of criminal acts.

    • B. 

      Respondents may not tell the truth.

    • C. 

      The samples are never biased.

    • D. 

      The information they yield applies to individuals of many age ranges

  • 42. 
    •Which of the following is true of criminal acts?  
    • A. 

      Nationwide crime rates vary by season.

    • B. 

      Most crimes are committed in small cities and suburbs.

    • C. 

      The majority of violent crimes involving strangers occurs during the day.

    • D. 

      Juveniles commit most of their crimes in the morning.

  • 43. 
    •When it comes to juveniles and crime  
    • A. 

      Half of all arrests are of individuals under age 25.

    • B. 

      Gang membership is generally confined to the young.

    • C. 

      Juveniles account for nearly 15 percent of arrests for Index crimes.

    • D. 

      All of these

  • 44. 
    •. What is the name of the explanation for why arrest rates begin to decline after age 30?  
    • A. 

      Midlife crisis

    • B. 

      Aging-out phenomenon

    • C. 

      Life-course persistent offending

    • D. 

      None of these

  • 45. 
    •The life-course perspective argues that
    • A. 

      Factors that lead to onset of offending do not vary.

    • B. 

      The number and type of offenses committed do not vary.

    • C. 

      The frequency of offending may go down for most offenders, but some chronic offenders commit the same amount of crime over time.

    • D. 

      The factors that lead to desistance from offending do not vary.

  • 46. 
    •To learn how the causes of crime vary at different ages, Alfred Blumstein and his colleagues suggest that criminologists study  
    • A. 

      age.

    • B. 

      Gender.

    • C. 

      Socioeconomic status.

    • D. 

      Criminal careers.

  • 47. 
    •Males traditionally commit more of which of the following crimes than females?
    • A. 

      Prostitution

    • B. 

      Shoplifting

    • C. 

      Welfare fraud

    • D. 

      Aggravated assault

  • 48. 
    •According to the UCR, the arrest ratio of males to females is
    • A. 

      10 to 1

    • B. 

      3 to 1

    • C. 

      2 to 1

    • D. 

      The same

  • 49. 
    •What type of data source suggests that the gender differences in crime may be narrowing?
    • A. 

      Self-report surveys

    • B. 

      Police statistics

    • C. 

      Victimization surveys

    • D. 

      Uniform Crime Reports

  • 50. 
    •Which one of the seven ingredients of crime requires that the actor achieve the result through his or her own effort?
    • A. 

      The act requirement

    • B. 

      The legality requirement

    • C. 

      The harm requirement

    • D. 

      The causation requirement

  • 51. 
    •Which one of the seven ingredients of crime requires that the criminal act must be accompanied by an equally criminal mind?
    • A. 

      The punishment requirement

    • B. 

      The concurrence requirement

    • C. 

      The guilty mind requirement

    • D. 

      The causation requirement

  • 52. 
    the classical school of criminology is based on the assumption that:
    • A. 

      Criminals are born, not made.

    • B. 

      Individuals choose to commit crimes after weighing the consequences of their actions

    • C. 

      Body build is related to various mental disorders.

    • D. 

      Criminals are distinguishable from noncriminals by atavistic stigmata.

  • 53. 
    •The positivist school of criminology posits that:  
    • A. 

      Human behavior is determined by forces beyond individual control.

    • B. 

      individuals choose to commit crimes after weighing the consequences of their actions.

    • C. 

      All human actions are determined in accordance with the felicific calculus.

    • D. 

      Anomie is a breakdown of social order, which causes people to commit crimes.

  • 54. 
    •Who wrote On Crime and Punishment? •a.  Emile Durkheim •b.  Cesare Lombroso •c.  Jeremy Bentham •d.  Cesare Beccaria
    • A. 

      Emile Durkheim

    • B. 

      Cesare Lombroso

    • C. 

      Jeremy Bentham

    • D. 

      Cesare Beccaria

  • 55. 
    •Who is known as the “father of modern criminology”?
    • A. 

      Emile Durkheim

    • B. 

      Cesare Lombroso

    • C. 

      Cesare Beccaria

    • D. 

      Jeremy Bentham

  • 56. 
    •Whose work was guided by utilitarian principles? •a.  Jeremy Bentham •b.  Cesare Beccaria •c.  Raffaele Garofalo •d.  Emile Durkheim
    • A. 

      Jeremy Bentham

    • B. 

      Cesare Beccaria

    • C. 

      Raffaele Garofalo

    • D. 

      Emile Durkheim

  • 57. 
    •What provided the next generation of criminologists with the tools they needed to challenge classical criminology?
    • A. 

      Beccaria’s On Crime and Punishment

    • B. 

      Bentham’s utilitarianism

    • C. 

      Lombroso’s The Criminal Man

    • D. 

      Darwin’s Origin of Species

  • 58. 
    •Physiognomy is the study of ___________ and their relation to human behavior.
    • A. 

      Bumps on the head

    • B. 

      Body types

    • C. 

      Facial features

    • D. 

      Ear types

  • 59. 
    •____________ posited that bumps on the head were indications of psychological propensities.  
    • A. 

      Physiognomy

    • B. 

      Phrenology

    • C. 

      Atavistic stigmata

    • D. 

      The somatotypes school

  • 60. 
    •Lombroso’s The Criminal Man replaced the concept of free will with the concept of ____________.  
    • A. 

      Determinism

    • B. 

      Rationality

    • C. 

      Science

    • D. 

      Utilitarianism

  • 61. 
    •Cesare Lombroso argued that the “born criminal” was distinguishable by
    • A. 

      Bumps on the head.

    • B. 

      Small jaws and teeth.

    • C. 

      Atavistic stigmata.

    • D. 

      A large nose.

  • 62. 
    •According to Lombroso, an individual born with any ________ of the various atavistic stigmata is a born criminal.
    • A. 

      2

    • B. 

      5

    • C. 

      7

    • D. 

      10

  • 63. 
    •The major challenge to Lombrosian theory came from the work of  
    • A. 

      Emile Durkheim.

    • B. 

      Enrico Ferri

    • C. 

      Charles Goring.

    • D. 

      Cesare Beccaria

  • 64. 
    The somatotypes school of criminology differentiated three principle types of physiques. Which one of the following is not one of those types?
    • A. 

      The asthenic

    • B. 

      The athletic

    • C. 

      The pyknic

    • D. 

      The ascetic

  • 65. 
    •William Sheldon brought the somatotype school to the United States. Which one of the following is not one of the three types Sheldon formulated?
    • A. 

      Andromorph

    • B. 

      Ectomorph

    • C. 

      Endomorph

    • D. 

      Mesomorph

  • 66. 
    •According to Sheldon, which one of the somatotypes is most likely to be involved in illegal behavior?  
    • A. 

      Andromorph

    • B. 

      Ectomorph

    • C. 

      Endomorph

    • D. 

      Mesomorph

  • 67. 
    •Who is acknowledged as America’s first forensic psychiatrist?
    • A. 

      Sigmund Freud

    • B. 

      Philippe Pinel

    • C. 

      Isaac Ray

    • D. 

      Henry Maudsley

  • 68. 
    •Among the first scholars to disclaim the free will doctrine of the classical school of thought were
    • A. 

      Cesare Beccaria and Jeremy Bentham.

    • B. 

      Sheldon and Eleanor Glueck.

    • C. 

      Gabriel Tarde and Emile Durkheim.

    • D. 

      Adolphe Quetelet and Michel Guerry.

  • 69. 
    •The classical school of criminology is based on the assumption that individuals choose to commit crimes after weighing the consequences of their actions.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 70. 
    •Cesare Beccaria’s work was governed by utilitarian principles.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 71. 
    •Bentham proposed the “felicific calculus” to explain how people decide whether to commit a crime or not.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 72. 
    •The science of phrenology posited that bumps on the head were indications of psychological propensities.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 73. 
    •One of Durkheim’s most important contributions to contemporary criminology is the laws of imitation.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 74. 
    •In the United States, explanations of criminal behavior have been dominated by what type of theories?  
    • A. 

      Psychological

    • B. 

      Biological

    • C. 

      Sociological

    • D. 

      philosophical

  • 75. 
    •Freud proposed that the __________ acts as a moral code or conscience.  
    • A. 

      Id

    • B. 

      ego

    • C. 

      Supraego

    • D. 

      Superego

  • 76. 
    •The moral developmental theory was pioneered by  
    • A. 

      Sigmund Freud.

    • B. 

      Lawrence Kohlberg.

    • C. 

      John Bowlby.

    • D. 

      Sheldon Glueck.

  • 77. 
    •Differential association-reinforcement theory suggests that
    • A. 

      the persistence of criminal behavior depends on whether or not it is rewarded or punished.

    • B. 

      Violence and aggression are learned behaviors, not necessarily expressed until they are elicited.

    • C. 

      Delinquent behavior is learned through the same psychological processes as any other behavior.

    • D. 

      None of these

  • 78. 
    •The possible relationship between chromosomal abnormality and criminal behavior has been investigated by studying the __________ syndrome chromosome.
    • A. 

      Xx

    • B. 

      Xy

    • C. 

      Xxy

    • D. 

      Xyy

  • 79. 
    •According to studies of twins;  
    • A. 

      There is no evidence that genetic factors explain criminality.

    • B. 

      There is some support for the hypothesis that some genetic influences increase the risk of criminality.

    • C. 

      There is a strong causal relationship between genetics and crime.

    • D. 

      There has not been enough research comparing monozygotic twins to dizygotic twins to make any conclusions.

  • 80. 
    •After evaluating the existing literature on the relationship between IQ and crime, Travis Hirschi and Michael Hindelang concluded that:
    • A. 

      IQ is not an important factor for predicting crime.

    • B. 

      IQ is an important factor in predicting crime, but not as important as social class.

    • C. 

      IQ is an important factor in predicting crime, but not as important as race.

    • D. 

      IQ is an even more important factor in predicting crime than either social class or race.

  • 81. 
    •Which of the following is not a biochemical factor?
    • A. 

      Food allergies

    • B. 

      Hypoglycemia

    • C. 

      Brain lesions

    • D. 

      Hormones

  • 82. 
    •Social learning theory maintains that delinquent behavior is learned through the same psychological processes as any other behavior.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 83. 
    •Cultural deviance theorists argue that:  
    • A. 

      Crime is most likely to occur among the lower social classes.

    • B. 

      American society is made up of various groups and subgroups, each with its own standards of right and wrong.

    • C. 

      People learn to commit crime as a result of contact with antisocial values, attitudes, and criminal behavior patterns.

    • D. 

      Crime is the result of social disorganization.

  • 84. 
    •In 1939, Edwin Sutherland introduced the ___________ theory in Principles of Criminology.  
    • A. 

      Anomie

    • B. 

      Social disorganization

    • C. 

      Cultural transmission

    • D. 

      Differential association

  • 85. 
    •How many propositions does Sutherland advance to explain the process by which the transmission of values takes place?
    • A. 

      2

    • B. 

      5

    • C. 

      9

    • D. 

      15

  • 86. 
    •If a clash occurs at the borders between neighboring cultural areas, this is an example of what type of conflict?  
    • A. 

      Primary

    • B. 

      Secondary

    • C. 

      Class

    • D. 

      Race

  • 87. 
    •Psychological theories seek to uncover the reasons for differences in crime rates in the social environment.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 88. 
    Strain Theory argues that all members of society subscribe to one set of cultural values – the values of the middle class.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 89. 
    Social Control theories claim that the lower class has its own, different set of values, which tends to conflict with the values of the middle class.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 90. 
    Social control theories are based on the assumption that the motivation to commit crime is a part of human nature.  As such, social control theorists seek to understand why people do not offend.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False