The Criminal Justice System

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 63

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The Criminal Justice System

A test for AQA A2 level sociologists


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Crime prevention was developed from the writings of a group of criminologists, this became known as:
    • A. 

      The crme prevention possee

    • B. 

      Community scoiologists

    • C. 

      Criminal justice theorists

    • D. 

      Situational crime prevention

  • 2. 
    Which sociologist based their idea on the notion that: 'People will commit offences when the cost of offending are less that the benefits of offending'
    • A. 

      Durkeim

    • B. 

      Marx

    • C. 

      Clarke

    • D. 

      Tombs and Whyte

  • 3. 
    Architectural design that makes it more difficult to commit crime.  This is the key term for:
    • A. 

      Defensible space

    • B. 

      Areas of defence

    • C. 

      Architectural defence

    • D. 

      Space design continuum

  • 4. 
    In what year did Newman define the above key term?
    • A. 

      1971

    • B. 

      1981

    • C. 

      1972

    • D. 

      1982

  • 5. 
    Different initiatives and policies to prevent householders from being stolen from are known as:
    • A. 

      Target hardening

    • B. 

      Prevention marketing

    • C. 

      Crime marking prevention

    • D. 

      Crime prevention initiatives

  • 6. 
    Garland (2001) criticises the above approach arguing that it ignores that causes of crime and believed that it could lead to a key term which may cause crime to shift in response to new measures / policies / initiatives.  This is known as:
    • A. 

      Dynamic crime

    • B. 

      Crime removal

    • C. 

      Crime displacement

    • D. 

      Crime systematicals

  • 7. 
    Community safety (or crime reducation) argues that alongside crime prevention measures two other actions must happen thesre are community and:
    • A. 

      Group interaction

    • B. 

      Intervention

    • C. 

      Community liaison

    • D. 

      Citizenship meetings

  • 8. 
    This approach was used by farrington and West:
    • A. 

      Positivistic

    • B. 

      Relatavistic

    • C. 

      Pre-modernistic

    • D. 

      Post -modernistic

  • 9. 
    Identified that social policy interventions to improve material deprivation are also anti-crime measures.
    • A. 

      Beign and Hall (2006)

    • B. 

      Merton et al (2003)

    • C. 

      Berstein et al (2001)

    • D. 

      Rodgers (2008)

  • 10. 
    Wison and Kelling (1982) developed a theory that there ss a high level of crime in areas where there has previous;y been a loss of social control.  This is known as:
    • A. 

      Broken window theory

    • B. 

      Local social control reform

    • C. 

      Crime area target space

    • D. 

      Neighbourhood watch

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