Biology: Evolution And Nature Of Science! Trivia Facts Quiz

20 Questions | Total Attempts: 170

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Biology: Evolution And Nature Of Science! Trivia Facts Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Why is it most common to find only the skull of an ancient hominid?
    • A. 

      They only buried the heads of the dead.

    • B. 

      Scavengers can carry off the smaller bones much more easily.

    • C. 

      Skulls tend to look more like rocks.

    • D. 

      Other hominids cannibalize their dead.

  • 2. 
    To help unravel the mysteries of human evolution, paleoanthropologists use all of the following except ___.
    • A. 

      Fossilized bones

    • B. 

      Endocasts of the brains

    • C. 

      Molecular clocks

    • D. 

      Written historical records

  • 3. 
    All of the following branches of science provide evidence for evolution EXCEPT ___.
    • A. 

      Biogeography

    • B. 

      Embriology

    • C. 

      Paleontology

    • D. 

      Oncology

  • 4. 
    Charles Darwin's poetic grandfather was ___.
    • A. 

      Erasmus Darwin

    • B. 

      Eugene Darwin

    • C. 

      Carolus Linnaeus

    • D. 

      Georges de Buffon

  • 5. 
    Which theory states that floods and earthquakes have occurred often in Earth's history?
    • A. 

      Catastrophism

    • B. 

      Uniformitarianism

    • C. 

      Gradualism

    • D. 

      Natural selection

  • 6. 
    Which scientist developed a classification system for organisms?
    • A. 

      Jean-Baptiste Lamarck

    • B. 

      Carolus Linnaeus

    • C. 

      Charles Darwin

    • D. 

      Georges de Buffon

  • 7. 
    Which of the following is a term for a group of similar organisms that can reproduce and produce fertile offspring?
    • A. 

      Individual

    • B. 

      Population

    • C. 

      Species

    • D. 

      Fossil

  • 8. 
    The difference in the physical traits of an individual from those of other individuals in a group is called a(n)
    • A. 

      Variation.

    • B. 

      Change.

    • C. 

      Adaptation.

    • D. 

      Species.

  • 9. 
    Which of the following is a fossil?
    • A. 

      A plant that has recently died

    • B. 

      A group of similar organisms that can reproduce

    • C. 

      A structure or organ that no longer functions

    • D. 

      A trace of an organism that existed in the past

  • 10. 
    Which of the following facts supporting evolution would be found in the study of biogeography?
    • A. 

      Embryos of very different organisms have very similar developmental stages.

    • B. 

      A bats wing and a whales flipper have very similar bone structure.

    • C. 

      Large, flightless birds are found on different continents: Australia (Emu), Africa (Ostrich), and Rhea (South America).

    • D. 

      More primative fossils are found below more complex fossils in the rock layers.

  • 11. 
    The differences between members of the same species are known as ___.
    • A. 

      Variations

    • B. 

      Adaptations

    • C. 

      Mutations

    • D. 

      Genetic isolation

  • 12. 
    A ___ is a group of individuals of the same species in the same geographic area.
    • A. 

      Population

    • B. 

      Species

    • C. 

      Breeding family

    • D. 

      Community

  • 13. 
    The process by which individuals that are better suited to their environment survive and reproduce more successfully than others is known as ___.
    • A. 

      Natural selection

    • B. 

      Sexual selection

    • C. 

      Genetic drift

    • D. 

      Gene flow

  • 14. 
    In natural selection, the selective agent is ___.
    • A. 

      The environment

    • B. 

      A breeder

    • C. 

      Mutation

    • D. 

      A virus

  • 15. 
    Which term means the crossing of two different species that share common genes?
    • A. 

      Hybridization

    • B. 

      Mutation

    • C. 

      Natural selection

    • D. 

      Sexual selection

  • 16. 
    Genetic variation can arise from a random change in the DNA of a gene. This change is called a(n) ___.
    • A. 

      Mutation

    • B. 

      Gene flow

    • C. 

      Gene pool

    • D. 

      Allele

  • 17. 
    The development by scientists of a new color in a rose is the result of
    • A. 

      Artificial selection

    • B. 

      Natural selection

    • C. 

      Descent with modification

    • D. 

      Overproduction

  • 18. 
    Two organisms that are closely related would have ___.
    • A. 

      Very similar DNA sequences

    • B. 

      Exactly the same DNA sequences

    • C. 

      No proteins in common

    • D. 

      Completely different DNA sequences

  • 19. 
    Which of the following is the oldest of this group?
    • A. 

      Australopithecus aferensis

    • B. 

      Australopithecus africanus

    • C. 

      Homo erectus

    • D. 

      Homo neanderthalensis

  • 20. 
    Scientists often take dirt samples from the area around the fossil find. They do this to ....
    • A. 

      Help determine the relative age of the fossil

    • B. 

      Keep the fossil from rotting

    • C. 

      Provide visual context for where the fossil was found

    • D. 

      Provide a keep-sake of the discovery

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