Vocabulary Trivia Quiz On Court And Legal Words!

27 Questions

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Vocabulary Trivia Quiz On Court And Legal Words!

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Opinion in a case that is subscribed by a majority of the judges who participated in the decision.
  • 2. 
    Opinion by a member of a court that agrees with the result reached by the court in the case but disagrees with or departs from the court’s rationale for the decision.
  • 3. 
    Opinion by a member of a court that disagrees with the result reached by the court in the case.
  • 4. 
    Method of decision making in which an impartial judge or jury or decision maker hears arguments and reviews evidence presented by opposite sides.
  • 5. 
    The institution and conduct of legal proceedings against a defendant for criminal behavior.
  • 6. 
    Noncriminal court proceedings in which a plaintiff sues a defendant for damages in payment for harm inflicted.
  • 7. 
    Individual or party who initiates a lawsuit or complaint.
  • 8. 
    Party against whom a criminal or civil suit is brought
  • 9. 
    Power of a court to hear a case in question.
  • 10. 
    Refers to a particular court’s power to serve as the place where a given case is initially argued and decided
  • 11. 
    Particular court’s power to review a decision or action of a lower court
  • 12. 
    A formal arrangement made between the parties to a lawsuit in order to resolve it, esp. out of court.
  • 13. 
    A negotiation in which the defendant agrees to enter a plea of guilty to a lesser charge and the prosecutor agrees to drop a more serious charge
  • 14. 
    A supreme court is in some jurisdictions the highest judicial body within that jurisdiction's court system, whose rulings are not subject to further review by another court.
  • 15. 
    A common law writ issued by a superior court to one of inferior jurisdiction demanding the record of a particular case.
  • 16. 
    Laws made by act of congress or the state legislatures, as opposed to constitutional law.
  • 17. 
    Power of the courts, especially the Supreme Court, to declare laws of Congress, laws of the states, and actions of the president unconstitutional and invalid.
  • 18. 
    Legal principle that previous decisions should determine the outcome of current cases; the basis for stability in law.
  • 19. 
    A landmark case in United States law. It formed the basis for the exercise of judicial review in the United States under Article III of the Constitution.
  • 20. 
    Created a 3 tiered federal court system
  • 21. 
    The names of one of the prerogative writs in the common law, and is "issued by a superior court to compel a lower court or a government officer to perform mandatory or purely ministerial duties correctly".( It's a court order requiring a public official to do something). (A judicial order directing a government official to perform a duty of his or her office.)
  • 22. 
    The Judiciary Reorganization Bill of 1937, frequently called the _____-______ ____, Epstein, at 451. was a legislative initiative to add more justices to the Supreme Court proposed by U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt shortly after his victory in the 1936 presidential election.
  • 23. 
    The custom of the US Senate with regard to presidential nominations to the judiciary to defer to the judgment of senators from the president’s party from the same state as the nominee.
  • 24. 
    A case that sets a precedent for other cases involving the same question of law.
  • 25. 
    Documents submitted by an attorney to a court, setting out the facts of the case and the legal arguments in support of the party represented by the attorney.
  • 26. 
    Commonly known as a “friend of the court” brief. An_______ ______ provides individuals or organizations (such as government agencies or disability organizations) without a direct stake in the lawsuit to provide information or legal arguments to the court. An ______ _____ is someone, not a party to a case, who volunteers to offer information to assist a court in deciding a matter before it.
  • 27. 
    A ruling by the US Supreme Court that people of African descent brought into the US and held as slaves (or their descendants, whether or not they were slaves) was not protected by the Constitution and could never be US citizens.