Events Leading To American Revolution 2017 And The Enlightenment

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Events Leading To American Revolution 2017 And The Enlightenment - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Complete the following analogyThomas Paine: __________Thomas Jefferson: _____________

    • A.

      Common Sense: Amenrican Crisis

    • B.

      Common Sense: Declaration of Independence

    • C.

      Common Sense: Constitution of 1776

    • D.

      Declaration of Independence: American Crisis

    Correct Answer
    B. Common Sense: Declaration of Independence
    Explanation
    Thomas Paine is known for writing "Common Sense," a pamphlet that argued for American independence from Britain. Similarly, Thomas Jefferson is known for drafting the "Declaration of Independence," a document that officially declared the American colonies' independence. Both Paine and Jefferson played significant roles in advocating for and promoting the idea of American independence.

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  • 2. 

    Common Sense encouraged colonists to think about...

    • A.

      War

    • B.

      Making peace with the King George III

    • C.

      Independence

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Independence
    Explanation
    Common sense encouraged colonists to think about independence because it argued that it was only logical for the American colonies to break away from British rule and establish their own independent nation. The pamphlet, "Common Sense," written by Thomas Paine in 1776, was widely read and influential in shaping public opinion towards the idea of independence. It highlighted the injustices of British rule and made a compelling case for self-governance and the establishment of a democratic republic.

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  • 3. 

    Who was the primary author of the Declaration of Independence?

    • A.

      John Adams

    • B.

      Benjamin Franklin

    • C.

      Thomas Jefferson

    • D.

      James Madison

    Correct Answer
    C. Thomas Jefferson
    Explanation
    Thomas Jefferson was the primary author of the Declaration of Independence. He was a prominent figure in the American Revolution and played a crucial role in drafting this historic document. Jefferson's eloquent writing skills and deep understanding of political philosophy made him the ideal candidate for this task. His ideas of individual rights, equality, and government by consent greatly influenced the content of the Declaration. Jefferson's authorship of this document solidified his place in history as one of the founding fathers of the United States.

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  • 4. 

    What fundamental political idea is expressed in the Declaration of Independence?

    • A.

      A government that denies its people certain basic rights can be overthrown

    • B.

      Government should guarantee its citizens economic security

    • C.

      The national and state governments should share power

    • D.

      Rulers from nations get power to rule from God and are have to govern in the best interest for all people

    Correct Answer
    A. A government that denies its people certain basic rights can be overthrown
    Explanation
    The correct answer is a government that denies its people certain basic rights can be overthrown. This is expressed in the Declaration of Independence through the idea that all individuals have certain unalienable rights, such as life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. The document states that when a government fails to protect these rights and becomes destructive, it is the right of the people to alter or abolish it and establish a new government that will secure their rights. This idea reflects the principle of popular sovereignty and the belief that government exists to serve and protect the rights of the people.

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  • 5. 

    The concept of natural rights was included in the Declaration of Independence- influenced from John Locke.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The concept of natural rights, influenced by John Locke, was indeed included in the Declaration of Independence. This document, written by Thomas Jefferson, states that all individuals are endowed with certain unalienable rights, such as life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. These rights are considered inherent and cannot be taken away by any government or authority. The inclusion of natural rights in the Declaration of Independence reflects the influence of Enlightenment thinkers like John Locke, who argued that individuals have fundamental rights that should be protected by the government. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 6. 

    The Declaration of Independence laid the foundation for democratic thinking.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The Declaration of Independence is considered a foundational document for democratic thinking because it outlined the principles of individual rights, equality, and government by consent. It declared that all men are created equal and have certain unalienable rights, such as life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. These ideas formed the basis for the establishment of a democratic government in the United States, where power is derived from the people. Therefore, the statement "The Declaration of Independence laid the foundation for democratic thinking" is true.

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  • 7. 

    "We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness."This quote came from which document? 

    • A.

      US Constitution

    • B.

      Declaration of Independence

    • C.

      Olive Branch Pettion

    • D.

      Mayflower Compact

    Correct Answer
    B. Declaration of Independence
    Explanation
    The given quote is from the Declaration of Independence. This document was adopted by the Second Continental Congress on July 4, 1776, and it announced the thirteen American colonies' decision to separate from Great Britain. The quote emphasizes the belief in the equality of all men and their inherent rights, such as life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. The Declaration of Independence is a foundational document in American history and is considered a symbol of the nation's ideals and values.

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  • 8. 

    This event in 1763 stopped settlers from moving west of the Appalachain Mountains in order to protect "Indian lands".

    • A.

      Proclamation of 1763

    • B.

      Stamp Act

    • C.

      Quartering Act

    • D.

      Sugar Act

    Correct Answer
    A. Proclamation of 1763
    Explanation
    The Proclamation of 1763 was an event that prohibited settlers from moving west of the Appalachian Mountains. This measure was put in place to protect the lands of Native American tribes from encroachment by the colonists. The British government believed that by limiting westward expansion, they could avoid conflicts between settlers and Native Americans. This proclamation was one of the factors that led to growing tensions between the American colonies and the British government, as many colonists felt that their rights were being restricted.

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  • 9. 

    This act was the first direct tax that impacted everyone in the colonies, placed a tax on all paper items-newspapers, legal documents, playing cards, etc. 

    • A.

      Proclamation of 1763

    • B.

      Stamp Act

    • C.

      Sugar Act

    • D.

      Quartering Act

    Correct Answer
    B. Stamp Act
    Explanation
    The Stamp Act was the first direct tax imposed on the American colonies, affecting all residents. It required a tax to be paid on all paper items, including newspapers, legal documents, and playing cards. This act was significant because it directly impacted the daily lives of colonists and sparked widespread opposition and protests, ultimately leading to the American Revolution. The Proclamation of 1763, Sugar Act, and Quartering Act were also significant events in colonial history but did not directly impose a tax on all paper items like the Stamp Act did.

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  • 10. 

    This event was also known throughout the colonies as the "Bloody Massacre" in an engraving by Paul Revere in which 5 people were killed in a mob riot. 

    • A.

      Stamp Act Riot

    • B.

      Boston Tea Party

    • C.

      Quartering Act

    • D.

      Boston Massacre

    Correct Answer
    D. Boston Massacre
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Boston Massacre because it is the event that matches the description given in the question. The Boston Massacre, also known as the "Bloody Massacre," was a violent clash between British soldiers and a mob in Boston on March 5, 1770. In this event, five colonists were killed, and it was depicted in an engraving by Paul Revere.

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  • 11. 

    The cry of the colonists in the days leading up to the outbreak of the American Revolution was centered around what key phrase?

    • A.

      "no taxation without representation"

    • B.

      "I want my land back from the King!"

    • C.

      "I do not want to pay taxes!"

    • D.

      "Give me liberty or give me death!"

    Correct Answer
    A. "no taxation without representation"
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "no taxation without representation." This phrase became a rallying cry for the colonists because they believed that they should not be taxed by the British government if they did not have a voice or representation in that government. They felt that it was unfair to be subjected to taxes and laws without having a say in the decision-making process. This slogan encapsulated their desire for greater political rights and ultimately played a significant role in sparking the American Revolution.

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  • 12. 

    What were the colonists asked to do after the French and Indian War?

    • A.

      Move off Indian lands west of the Appalachian Mountains

    • B.

      Pay for the cost of the war since they had fought in the war

    • C.

      Both A and B

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Both A and B
    Explanation
    After the French and Indian War, the colonists were asked to move off Indian lands west of the Appalachian Mountains and also pay for the cost of the war since they had fought in it. This was a result of the British government's attempt to control and regulate the colonists more strictly and to assert their authority over the newly acquired territories. The colonists were unhappy with these demands, which eventually led to tensions and conflicts that contributed to the American Revolution.

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  • 13. 

    What happened after $1 million worth of tea was dumped into Boston Harbor:  The Boston Tea Party?

    • A.

      They refused to drink any more tea ever again and more taxes were passed on colonies

    • B.

      War broke out immediately

    • C.

      The Port of Boston was officially closed by the British until the tea was paid for

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. The Port of Boston was officially closed by the British until the tea was paid for
    Explanation
    After $1 million worth of tea was dumped into Boston Harbor during the Boston Tea Party, the British responded by officially closing the Port of Boston. This action was taken as a punishment and to pressure the colonists to pay for the destroyed tea. As a result, the closure of the port led to economic hardships for the people of Boston and further fueled the tensions between the British and the colonists.

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  • 14. 

    What event is known as the "shot heard round the world"?

    • A.

      Boston Massacre

    • B.

      Battle of Lexington and Concord

    • C.

      Boston Tea Party

    • D.

      Stamp Act

    Correct Answer
    B. Battle of Lexington and Concord
    Explanation
    The event known as the "shot heard round the world" refers to the Battle of Lexington and Concord. This battle took place on April 19, 1775, and marked the beginning of the American Revolutionary War. It is called the "shot heard round the world" because it was the first military confrontation between British troops and American colonists, and it ignited a chain of events that ultimately led to the independence of the United States.

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  • 15. 

    Montesquieu's philosophy can be found in which famous American document- separation of powers within the national government...

    • A.

      Treaty of Paris

    • B.

      Declaration of Independence

    • C.

      US Constitution

    • D.

      Gettysburg Address

    Correct Answer
    C. US Constitution
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the US Constitution. Montesquieu's philosophy of separation of powers within the national government is reflected in the US Constitution. This document establishes three separate branches of government - the legislative, executive, and judicial branches - with distinct powers and responsibilities. This system of checks and balances ensures that no single branch becomes too powerful and helps to protect individual liberties.

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  • 16. 

    John Locke believed in the concept of natural rights of the indiividual. What US document did he later help influence in our national history? 

    • A.

      Gettysburg Address

    • B.

      US Constitution

    • C.

      Declaration of Independence

    • D.

      Emancipation Proclamation

    Correct Answer
    C. Declaration of Independence
    Explanation
    John Locke's belief in the concept of natural rights of the individual greatly influenced the writing of the Declaration of Independence. The Declaration of Independence, which was written primarily by Thomas Jefferson, drew heavily on Locke's ideas, particularly his belief in the rights to life, liberty, and property. The document asserts that all individuals are endowed with these rights and that governments are instituted to protect them. Locke's influence on the Declaration of Independence helped shape the foundational principles of the United States, making the Declaration a fitting answer to the question.

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  • 17. 

    Select the best definition of revolution.

    • A.

      Change

    • B.

      War

    • C.

      Conflict

    • D.

      Independence

    Correct Answer
    A. Change
    Explanation
    Revolution can be defined as a significant and fundamental change that occurs in various aspects of society, such as politics, economics, or culture. It involves a complete transformation or shift from the existing system or norms. This change can be brought about through various means, including social movements, political uprisings, or technological advancements. Therefore, "change" is the best definition for revolution as it encompasses the broad scope and nature of this transformative process.

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  • 18. 

    John Locke would have supported which of the following?

    • A.

      The separate branches of government

    • B.

      The desire to have a absolute monarch or king

    • C.

      Social Contracts between the people and the government

    • D.

      Life, Liberty, Property- Natural Rights

    Correct Answer
    D. Life, Liberty, Property- Natural Rights
    Explanation
    John Locke was a philosopher who believed in the concept of natural rights. He argued that individuals have inherent rights to life, liberty, and property. These rights are not granted by the government, but are instead fundamental and should be protected by the government. Locke also believed in the social contract theory, which states that individuals form governments to protect their natural rights. Therefore, he would have supported the idea of Life, Liberty, Property- Natural Rights as the correct answer.

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  • 19. 

    What document is known as the "ultimate break up letter"?

    • A.

      Declaration of Rights

    • B.

      English Bill of Rights

    • C.

      Declaration of Independence

    • D.

      Magna Carta

    Correct Answer
    C. Declaration of Independence
    Explanation
    The Declaration of Independence is known as the "ultimate break up letter" because it formally declared the separation of the American colonies from Great Britain. It outlined the grievances of the colonists against the British government and asserted their right to establish a new independent nation. This document marked the beginning of the American Revolution and played a significant role in shaping the history and identity of the United States.

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  • 20. 

    What famous document begins with the following words, "when in the course of human events it becomes necessary..." 

    • A.

      English Bill of Rights

    • B.

      US Constitution

    • C.

      Declaration of Independence

    • D.

      Magna Carta

    Correct Answer
    C. Declaration of Independence
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Declaration of Independence. The famous document begins with the words "when in the course of human events it becomes necessary..." This phrase is the opening line of the Declaration of Independence, which was adopted by the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776. The document declared the thirteen American colonies to be independent from Great Britain and outlined the reasons for this separation. It is considered one of the most important documents in American history and a symbol of liberty and freedom.

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  • 21. 

    Using the quote from number 20, if the document states that people have certain unalienable rights, what would be the best meaning of this?

    • A.

      Citizens have no rights at all

    • B.

      Rights can not be taken away- these are the natural rights that all people have

    • C.

      Only some people have rights

    • D.

      You must earn these rights over time

    Correct Answer
    B. Rights can not be taken away- these are the natural rights that all people have
    Explanation
    The document stating that people have certain unalienable rights means that these rights cannot be taken away from them. These rights are considered natural rights that all people possess inherently, and they cannot be revoked or denied by any authority. This indicates that every individual is entitled to these rights by virtue of being human, regardless of any external factors.

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  • 22. 

    The Intolerable Acts closed the port of Boston in 1774 after the events of the Boston Tea Party.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The Intolerable Acts were a series of punitive measures imposed by the British government on the American colonies in response to the Boston Tea Party. One of these acts, known as the Boston Port Act, closed the port of Boston until the colonists paid for the destroyed tea. This effectively shut down all trade and commerce in the city, causing significant economic hardship for the people of Boston. Therefore, the statement that the Intolerable Acts closed the port of Boston in 1774 after the events of the Boston Tea Party is true.

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