Diagnosis Of Infectious Disease! Trivia Questions Quiz

11 Questions | Total Attempts: 11

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Diagnosis Of Infectious Disease! Trivia Questions Quiz

The trivia questions quiz below is on the Diagnosis of Infectious Diseases! The main role of a medical practitioner is to ensure that the patients they come across get discharged from the hospital healed or almost healed. This all starts by ensuring one makes the correct diagnosis based on symptoms and tests. Take this test and see if you are able to diagnose some patients correctly.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
     A 17-year male presents with dyspnea on exertion for the past month, which started initially with an episode of diarrhea.  He now reports increasing fatigue, diaphoresis, and shortness of breath at rest.  On auscultation, he has a gallop, rales bilaterally at the lung bases and a palpable liver edge approximately 4 cm below the right costal margin.  The study which is the gold standard for diagnosis is:
    • A. 

      Serum troponin T

    • B. 

      Echocardiography

    • C. 

      Endomyocardial biopsy (EMB)

    • D. 

      ECG

    • E. 

      Cardiac MRI

  • 2. 
    A 6-week old male presents to the ED with poor feeding and fast breathing for the past 2 days.  His HR is 190 with a BP of 55/35, and you note that his liver edge is palpable at the umbilicus.  The chest radiograph reveals cardiomegaly.  Midway through an infusion of 20ml/kg of NS, his breathing becomes labored.  The next step in the management of this patient is:
    • A. 

      Transcutaneous pacing

    • B. 

      Repeat fluid bolus of 20 mL/kg normal saline bolus

    • C. 

      Furosemide 1 mg/kg IV

    • D. 

      Dopamine 10 mcg/kg/min

    • E. 

      Sodium bicarbonate 2 MEq/kg IV

  • 3. 
    A 16-year male is brought into the ED by paramedics for altered mental status.  The parents did not know of his whereabouts in the preceding 6 hours.  His T is 38.9C, HR 140, RR 44, and BP 130/78.  He is flushed and agitated and he is screaming out how high he is flying in the clouds.  Other findings on the exam include mydriasis and dry mucous membranes.  His parents inform you that they just received a call from the neighbor who saw the patient and his friends smoking something near the train tracks.  What is the most likely cause of the patient’s symptoms?
    • A. 

      Marijuana

    • B. 

      Jimson weed

    • C. 

      Poppy seed

    • D. 

      Morning glory

    • E. 

      Ma Huang

  • 4. 
    Regarding head trauma in children, which of the following is true?
    • A. 

      Diffuse axonal injury is more common in adults than in children.

    • B. 

      Subdural hematomas usually involve the meningeal artery.

    • C. 

      Epidural hematomas are less common in children and involve the tearing of the bridging veins in acceleration- deceleration injuries.

    • D. 

      Cerebellar tonsillar herniation occurs through the foramen magnum and can result in Cushing’s triad, respiratory arrest and death.

    • E. 

      Uncal herniation occurs when one cerebral hemisphere is displaced underneath the falx cerebri and causes an ipsilateral dilated, nonreactive pupil.

  • 5. 
    An 8 year boy fell off the playground equipment at his school at 11 am.  He landed on the side of his head, had a brief loss of consciousness, and then was awake and alert, so he stayed in school.  After lunch, he began to vomit and became sleepy.  His parents were called to the school and took him directly to your ED.  What is the most likely diagnosis?
    • A. 

      Concussion

    • B. 

      Subarachnoid hemorrhage

    • C. 

      Cerebral contusion

    • D. 

      Subdural hematoma

    • E. 

      Epidural hematoma

  • 6. 
    Subdural hematomas are 80% bilateral.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    Subdural hematomas can cross suture lines.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    Dural sinus fractures have a 4 % incidence of venous sinus thrombosis.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    When there is no open scalp wound, pneumocephalus on CT is indicative of a paranasal sinus or mastoid fracture.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    When evaluating an HRQL ( Health-Related Quality of Life) instrument – signal refers to the variability between subjects and noise refers to the change between patients.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    In HQRL studies it is desirable to have a high signal to noise ratio.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False