Chapter 9: US History I

53 Questions

Settings
Please wait...
Chapter 9: US History I


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    #4 should read...
  • 2. 
    #5 should read...
  • 3. 
    #6 should read...
  • 4. 
    #7 should read...
  • 5. 
    #8 should read...
  • 6. 
    #9 should read...
  • 7. 
    In 1775, which group formed the first antislavery society?
    • A. 

      Continental Congress

    • B. 

      Federalists

    • C. 

      Antifederalists

    • D. 

      Quakers

  • 8. 
    What does the concept "republican motherhood" mean?
    • A. 

      The idea that men and women were considered equal

    • B. 

      The idea that women should run the government

    • C. 

      The idea that women kept the nation in order

    • D. 

      The idea that women were not important

  • 9. 
    What did the Continental Congress of 1776 ask the colonies to do?
    • A. 

      Abolish slavery

    • B. 

      Draft a new constitution

    • C. 

      Appoint delegates to revise the Articles

    • D. 

      Ratify the constitution

  • 10. 
    Which of these branches was NOT deliberately created weak?
    • A. 

      Legislative

    • B. 

      Judicial

    • C. 

      Executive

  • 11. 
    Who warned about the following, "173 despots would surely be as oppressive as one"?
    • A. 

      King George

    • B. 

      George Washington

    • C. 

      Thomas Jefferson

    • D. 

      James Madison

  • 12. 
    Which of the following states gave equality to women at one point?
    • A. 

      New York

    • B. 

      New Jersey

    • C. 

      Delaware

    • D. 

      Virginia

  • 13. 
    Which is the best definition for a confederation?
    • A. 

      A loose union, where the state level retains independency and most of the power

    • B. 

      A strong union, where the state level and federal level retains the same amount of power

    • C. 

      A loose union, where the federal level retains most of the power

    • D. 

      A strong union, where a system of checks and balances is used

  • 14. 
    What caused a dispute amongst the states, which led to the Northwest Ordinance? 
    • A. 

      Some states strictly enforced taxes to pay off their debts, while others did not

    • B. 

      Some states wanted to induct new states into the union

    • C. 

      Some states did not want such a loose union

    • D. 

      Some states had larger amounts of land, which they could use to pay off their debts

  • 15. 
    Which of the following was NOT true, according to the Articles of Confederation? Check the box if the statement is false.
    • A. 

      Congress could strictly enforce taxes

    • B. 

      There were no federal courts

    • C. 

      There were strict limitations/rules to interstate trading

    • D. 

      There was an executive power

    • E. 

      9/13 vote needed to amend the Articles

    • F. 

      Congress could not draft troops

    • G. 

      Sovereignty lies in the states' laps

    • H. 

      A unanimous vote needed to approve laws

  • 16. 
    What was America's first constitution? 
    • A. 

      The Articles of Confederation

    • B. 

      The constitution

    • C. 

      The Constitution

    • D. 

      The Declaration of Independence

  • 17. 
    What was Britain's economic tactic against the US after the war?
    • A. 

      Raised the price of their goods

    • B. 

      Dropped the price of their goods

    • C. 

      Cut of trade with the US

    • D. 

      Did not drop the Navigation Laws (over the US)

  • 18. 
    Which of these is NOT true, based on the Land Ordinance of 1785?
    • A. 

      Each township was to be divided into 36 smaller sections, 640 acres each

    • B. 

      The minimum cost per acre was $1

    • C. 

      Section 16 was set aside for schooling

    • D. 

      Each township was 36 square miles

  • 19. 
    Which of these is NOT true, based on the Northwest Ordinance of 1787?
    • A. 

      Once 5,000 adult men were settled, they could elect a legislature

    • B. 

      Once 60,000 people were settled, they could write a constitution as a "request to become a state."

    • C. 

      Slavery was allowed

    • D. 

      There was freedom of religion and property rights

  • 20. 
    What of these was NOT the cause of Shays' Rebellion?
    • A. 

      Bad harvests

    • B. 

      Loss of plantations

    • C. 

      Economic depression

    • D. 

      High, threatening taxes

  • 21. 
    What was the biggest significance of Shays' Rebellion?
    • A. 

      Congress lowered taxes

    • B. 

      The Bill of Rights were created

    • C. 

      Alarmed politicians, who called for revision of the Articles

    • D. 

      The constitution was ratified

  • 22. 
    Check all that apply to the Virginia Plan.
    • A. 

      Three branches, in which legislature held the most power

    • B. 

      Legislature was bicameral

    • C. 

      The House of Reps was elected by state legislatures

    • D. 

      The Senate was elected by the people

    • E. 

      The legislature could regulate trade

    • F. 

      The legislature could use armed forces to enforce laws

    • G. 

      The legislature could not abolish laws deemed unconstitutional

    • H. 

      Drafted by James Madison

  • 23. 
    Check all that apply to the New Jersey plan.
    • A. 

      Three branches, where legislature appoints executive branch and executive branch appoints Supreme Court justices

    • B. 

      Legislature is unicameral

    • C. 

      States are represented based on population

    • D. 

      The government had no control over trade/taxes

    • E. 

      The government was not above the law

    • F. 

      Proposed by William Paterson

  • 24. 
    What did the Great Compromise agree to?
    • A. 

      Two houses: one with equal representation and one with proportional representation based on population

    • B. 

      Two houses: both with equal representation, favoring the NJ Plan

    • C. 

      Two houses: both with proportional representation based on population, favoring the VA Plan

    • D. 

      One house with proportional representation

  • 25. 
    Besides the legislative houses, what else was agreed upon in the Great Compromise?
    • A. 

      A strong executive branch, with a president

    • B. 

      Election of president by the people

    • C. 

      The idea of checks and balances

    • D. 

      Powers allotted to each branch

  • 26. 
    What did the Slave Trade Compromise agree to?
    • A. 

      Slave trade was to be discussed at a separate convention

    • B. 

      3/5ths of a state's slave population would count towards their population

    • C. 

      Slave trade and ban on taxing cotton imports for 20 years

    • D. 

      Slavery was to be completely abolished

  • 27. 
    The main purpose of checks and balances was to....
    • A. 

      Allow all branches to have an opportunity to have the most power

    • B. 

      Give the executive branch the most power

    • C. 

      Give all power to the states

    • D. 

      Minimize the threat of tyranny

  • 28. 
    #1 should read... (Correct answers are exact to original picture)
  • 29. 
    #2 should read... (Correct answers are exact to original picture)
  • 30. 
    #3 should read... (Correct answers are exact to original picture)
  • 31. 
    #10 should read... 
  • 32. 
    #11 should read... 
  • 33. 
    #13 should read... 
  • 34. 
    Government can govern only with the consent of the govern.This statement describes... 
    • A. 

      Popular Sovereignty

    • B. 

      Limited Government

    • C. 

      Judicial Review

    • D. 

      Separation of Power

  • 35. 
    The power of the courts to decide whether government acts are constitutional or not.This statement describes... 
    • A. 

      Popular Sovereignty

    • B. 

      Limited Government

    • C. 

      Judicial Review

    • D. 

      Separation of Power

  • 36. 
    Government may only do those that people have given it the power to do.This statement describes... 
    • A. 

      Popular Sovereignty

    • B. 

      Limited Government

    • C. 

      Judicial Review

    • D. 

      Separation of Power

  • 37. 
    Three separately staffed branches of government exercise _______.This statement describes... 
    • A. 

      Popular Sovereignty

    • B. 

      Limited Government

    • C. 

      Judicial Review

    • D. 

      Separation of Power

  • 38. 
    A governmental structure that gives each branch some degree of oversight and control over another.This statement describes... 
    • A. 

      Federal System

    • B. 

      Balanced System

    • C. 

      Separation of Power

    • D. 

      Checks and Balances

  • 39. 
    Massachusetts was a tipping point, who agreed to ratify if what was added?
    • A. 

      The Bill of Rights

    • B. 

      The Amendments

    • C. 

      The Articles of Confederation

    • D. 

      The Constitution

  • 40. 
    The Necessary & Proper Clause is also known as what?
    • A. 

      Elastic Clause

    • B. 

      Implied Powers

    • C. 

      Enumerated Powers

    • D. 

      Elastic Powers

  • 41. 
    Who proposed the Great Compromise?
    • A. 

      Roger Sherman

    • B. 

      James Madison

    • C. 

      John Jay

    • D. 

      William Patterson

  • 42. 
    Which of the following was NOT a horrid specter of anarchy?
    • A. 

      Mounting of national debt

    • B. 

      Britain's attacks on Philadelphia

    • C. 

      States refusal to pay taxes

    • D. 

      Eruption of small disputes

  • 43. 
    Which contains information explaining the legislative branch?
    • A. 

      Article I

    • B. 

      Article III

    • C. 

      Article IV

    • D. 

      Article VI

  • 44. 
    Which contains information explaining the executive branch?
    • A. 

      Article I

    • B. 

      Article V

    • C. 

      Article II

    • D. 

      Article IV

  • 45. 
    Which contains information explaining the judicial branch?
    • A. 

      Article II

    • B. 

      Article III

    • C. 

      Article V

    • D. 

      Article VI

  • 46. 
    Which contains information explaining the full faith and credit clause?
    • A. 

      Article I

    • B. 

      Article III

    • C. 

      Article IV

    • D. 

      Article VI

  • 47. 
    Which contains information explaining how to amend the Constitution?
    • A. 

      Article IV

    • B. 

      Article III

    • C. 

      Article V

    • D. 

      Article VI

  • 48. 
    Which contains information explaining the supremacy clause?
    • A. 

      Article I

    • B. 

      Article III

    • C. 

      Article IV

    • D. 

      Article VI

  • 49. 
    "Eighty-five articles written by John Jay and Alexander Hamilton as propaganda to ratify." What is this describing?
    • A. 

      Federalist Papers

    • B. 

      Antifederalist Papers

    • C. 

      Loyalist Papers

    • D. 

      Patriot Papers

  • 50. 
    Which of the following was the biggest concern of the Continental Congress in 1774?
    • A. 

      Disunity

    • B. 

      Slavery

    • C. 

      Loyalty

    • D. 

      Britain

  • 51. 
    The antifederalists can be described as all of the following, except for...
    • A. 

      Supporters of a strong central government

    • B. 

      Paper money advocates

    • C. 

      Backcountry dwellers

    • D. 

      Supporters of states' rights

  • 52. 
    Antifederalists believed that the sovereignty of the people resided in which branch?
    • A. 

      Executive

    • B. 

      Judicial

    • C. 

      Legislative

  • 53. 
    The framers felt people were too ignorant to vote for the president. What did they create as a result?
    • A. 

      Electoral College

    • B. 

      George Washington Fan Club

    • C. 

      Sons of Liberty

    • D. 

      Founding Fathers Club