Chapter 6, 8

21 Questions | Total Attempts: 73

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Chapter 6, 8

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The term used to describe a situation in which the norms of society are unclear or no longer applicable to current conditions is:
    • A. 

      Ambiguity

    • B. 

      Moral decay

    • C. 

      Anomie

    • D. 

      Institutional change

  • 2. 
    According to Merton's strain theory, the social class most likely to engage in deviance is:
    • A. 

      Lower class

    • B. 

      Working class

    • C. 

      Middle class

    • D. 

      Upper class

  • 3. 
    Youths growing up in poor neighborhoods are more likely to deal drugs to make money than middle-class youth. this example represents the pattern of deviance called:
    • A. 

      Rebellion

    • B. 

      Retreatism

    • C. 

      Ritualism

    • D. 

      Innovation

  • 4. 
    According to __________, crime is more likely to occur in neighborhoods that suffer extreme structural disadvantage and as a result experience low collective efficacy
    • A. 

      Differential association theory

    • B. 

      Collective efficacy theory

    • C. 

      Strain theory

    • D. 

      Symbolic interaction

  • 5. 
    Differential association theory was developed by:
    • A. 

      Travis hirschi

    • B. 

      Robert merton

    • C. 

      Howard becker

    • D. 

      Edwin sutherland

  • 6. 
    Differential theory argues that:
    • A. 

      People learn to be deviant when their associates favor deviance over conformity

    • B. 

      People choose deviance over conformity when normal avenues for success are blocked

    • C. 

      Deviance results from social inequality

    • D. 

      Differences in crime rates are associated with age, sex, and race

  • 7. 
    Which theory assumes that individuals consciously assess the costs and benefits of whether to conform if to be deviant 
    • A. 

      Labeling theory

    • B. 

      Deterrence theory

    • C. 

      Differential association theory

    • D. 

      Reward theory

  • 8. 
    Property crimes account for almost _____ of the index crimes reported in the Uniform Crime Report
    • A. 

      10%

    • B. 

      30%

    • C. 

      50%

    • D. 

      90%

  • 9. 
    Rates of violent crime tend to be highest in the:
    • A. 

      North

    • B. 

      South

    • C. 

      East

    • D. 

      West

  • 10. 
    Females in the U.S. could be regarded as a minority group because they:
    • A. 

      Are culturally, economically and politically subordinate to males

    • B. 

      Are smaller than males

    • C. 

      Participate less than males in politics

    • D. 

      Make up less than 50% of the population

  • 11. 
    According to the data presented in the text, the median income of white non-hispanic families is about ________ that of hispanic and african american families
    • A. 

      Half as much as

    • B. 

      One and a half times

    • C. 

      Ten times

    • D. 

      Equal to

  • 12. 
    According to the data presented in the text, the median net worth of white non-hispanic families is about ______ that of hispanic and african american families
    • A. 

      Half as much

    • B. 

      One and half times as much

    • C. 

      Ten times as much

    • D. 

      Equal as

  • 13. 
    Genocide is an example of:
    • A. 

      Acculturation

    • B. 

      Social imagination

    • C. 

      Conflict

    • D. 

      Accommodation

  • 14. 
    James, an unemployed construction worker, cant find a job. He blames cheaper immigrant labor for his unemployment, and is hostile toward anyone who appears of a different race than he is. this is an example:
    • A. 

      Targeting

    • B. 

      Discrimination

    • C. 

      Subversion

    • D. 

      Scapegoating

  • 15. 
    Two groups of children are randomly labeled either "gifted" or "slow" and are treated accordingly. although there are no real differences, the children labeled gifted perform better than those labeled slow. this is known as:
    • A. 

      Institutional racism

    • B. 

      Reverse discrimination

    • C. 

      A self-fulfilling prophecy

    • D. 

      Prejudice

  • 16. 
    Black infants are __________ white infants to die before their first birthday
    • A. 

      More than 2 times likely

    • B. 

      Less likely than

    • C. 

      As equally as likely as

    • D. 

      Four times as likely as

  • 17. 
    Which state has the highest proportion of their black population in jail?
    • A. 

      Alabama

    • B. 

      South carolina

    • C. 

      Illinois

    • D. 

      Iowa

  • 18. 
    Americans consumed the most alcohol in _________
    • A. 

      1800

    • B. 

      1837

    • C. 

      1927

    • D. 

      1977

  • 19. 
    The lecture discussed an experiment in which students awarded damages in a civil lawsuit for a person who had been changed from German to another race. the change to which of the following was awarded the second highest amount of money
    • A. 

      Chinese

    • B. 

      African

    • C. 

      Mexican

    • D. 

      Italian

  • 20. 
    The experiment discussed in lecture in which iowa students were brought to the lab and randomly assigned to be informally discriminated against for 15 minutes or treated as privileged showed that being discriminated against lowered average IQ from:
    • A. 

      132-102

    • B. 

      110-95

    • C. 

      120-112

    • D. 

      125-122

  • 21. 
    The conclusion from this experiment shows that:
    • A. 

      Standardized test items were culturally biased

    • B. 

      Standardized tests help level the playing field but dont solve the problem

    • C. 

      The test scores of a minority and a nonminority cant be compared to each other

    • D. 

      Test scores are flawed indicators of actual academic ability for both minority and nonminority students