Chapter 5

25 Questions

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Chapter 5

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Compared to other countries, mobility rates in the U. S. are not uniquely high or low.    
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 2. 
    Although the findings in the study of mobility and status attainment occur at the same levels of analysis, structural and individual, they mirror each other. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    Structural Mobility refers to people’s upward rate of movement from their class of origin due to historical changes in the occupational structure. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    Modern societies are anomic because opportunity exists but is restricted at the same time. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    Social capital refers to the relationships one has with others located in specific areas of the class structure; these relationships provide connections to the larger society and possibly opportunities for success. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    Culture of capitalism refers to    
    • A. 

      Using achievement, individualism, and merit as a bases for evaluating people

    • B. 

      The personal beliefs and ideologies of individuals in a capitalistic society

  • 7. 
    Which of the following statements is true?    
    • A. 

      N the model of status attainment, the most important predictor of occupational attainment is class of origin

    • B. 

      In the model of status attainment, educational attainment strongly influences occupational attainment

  • 8. 
    The recent data (since the 1980’s) on women’s intergenerational mobility show that:    
    • A. 

      Women don't display intergenerational mobility.

    • B. 

      Their occupational inheritance has remained the same.

    • C. 

      They now have occupational inheritance similar to men.

  • 9. 
    The term ___________ refers to people who are emotionally important to individuals and, hence, especially influential on their status attainment. 
    • A. 

      Significant others

    • B. 

      Spouse

    • C. 

      Relative

  • 10. 
    Class conflict is difficult to see at the individual level because    
    • A. 

      Individuals in society are selfish and do not focus on others

    • B. 

      It involves parents giving advantages and disadvantages to their children

  • 11. 
    Intergenerational mobility compares parents’ occupations to children’s eventual main job. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    Most recently, sons of farmers move to the top of the prestige ladder less than 1% of the time. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    With regard to circulation mobility, long distance moves occur frequently.    
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    Among industrialized nations, the United States has the highest rate of occupational mobility 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    The higher the family income (especially in early childhood), the greater the achievement of children. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    Because of industrialization, a modern class structure was created. As a result,    
    • A. 

      Who were previously the upper class are now the lower class

    • B. 

      Almost everyones life chances and life styles have improved

    • C. 

      Mobility has decreased

  • 17. 
    The term ___________ refers to the average number of children each woman has.    
    • A. 

      Index of motherhood

    • B. 

      Fertility rate

    • C. 

      Average rate of birth

  • 18. 
    The paradox of modernity refers to  
    • A. 

      Increased occupational opportunities for individuals overseas.

    • B. 

      The existence of inequality and opportunity concurrently.

  • 19. 
    In the model of status attainment, educational attainment strongly influences occupational attainment 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    In the twentieth century, many sons of farmers have:    
    • A. 

      Moved to the city, pursued education, and become white-collar workers.

    • B. 

      Become blue collar workers

  • 21. 
    Upward mobility into white-collar jobs is often prevented by lack of necessary skills and lack of respect for that sort of work. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    Most recently, sons of farmers move to the top of the prestige ladder less than 1% of the time. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    Structural Mobility refers to people’s upward rate of movement from their class of origin due to historical changes in the occupational structure. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    Most people are occupationally stable, but a significant (although smaller) proportion are mobile. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    With regard to circulation mobility, long distance moves occur frequently.    
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False