Greek Civilization Questions! History Trivia Quiz

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Questions: 10 | Attempts: 77

Greek Civilization Questions! History Trivia Quiz - Quiz

What do you know about Greek civilization? Could you pass this quiz? Ancient Greece adopted the Christian religion, which was a significant accomplishment. Another one of the most interesting facts about Greece civilization is the 300-year drought. The drought was the downfall of Ancient Greece. It caused the ending of several Mediterranean cultures, including Ancient Greece. Take this quiz to know what you know about Ancient Greece.

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Athens and __________ came to be the two leading city-states that emerged during classical Greece civilization. 

    During the classical Greek civilization, two city-states emerged as the leading powers: Athens and Sparta. These two city-states had different political systems and ideologies. Athens was known for its democracy and emphasis on education, arts, and philosophy. On the other hand, Sparta was known for its militaristic society, focusing on discipline, strength, and military training. Both city-states played crucial roles in shaping the history and culture of ancient Greece.

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  • 2. 

    __________spread the Macedonian Empire through the Middle East, across Persia to the border of India, and southward through Egypt.

    Alexander the Great was a powerful leader who successfully expanded the Macedonian Empire. He spread his empire through various regions, including the Middle East, Persia, India, and Egypt. His military campaigns and conquests allowed him to establish control over these territories, extending his influence and power. Alexander's ambition and military prowess enabled him to conquer vast lands, leaving a lasting impact on the regions he conquered.

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  • 3. 

    Roman conquest spread more widely during the three __________ wars, from 264 to 146 B.C.E., during which Rome fought the armies of the Phoenician city of Carthage, situated on the northern coast of Africa.

    The correct answer is "Punic." The explanation for this is that the Punic Wars were a series of three wars fought between Rome and Carthage from 264 to 146 B.C.E. These wars resulted in Roman conquest and expansion, as Rome emerged victorious and gained control over Carthage's territories in Sicily, Sardinia, and Spain. The Punic Wars were significant in shaping the Roman Empire and establishing Rome as a dominant power in the Mediterranean region.

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  • 4. 

    The word politics comes from the Greek word for city-state, __________ . 

    The word "politics" is derived from the Greek word "polis," which means city-state. This term refers to the ancient Greek city-states that were independent political entities. These city-states had their own governments, laws, and systems of governance. Therefore, the word "politics" is directly linked to the concept of city-states and the political activities and affairs that took place within them.

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  • 5. 

    The first law code of the early Roman republic was the __________ .

    The first law code of the early Roman republic was the Twelve Tables. The Twelve Tables were a set of laws that were written down and displayed in public for all citizens to see. These laws covered a wide range of topics including property rights, marriage, and criminal offenses. They were an important development in Roman law as they provided a written record of the laws and helped to ensure that all citizens were treated fairly and equally under the law.

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  • 6. 

    In Athens, __________ encouraged his pupils to question received wisdom, on the ground that the chief human duty was "the improvement of the soul." 

    Socrates encouraged his pupils to question received wisdom because he believed that the main duty of humans was to improve their soul. He believed in the importance of critical thinking and self-reflection to gain knowledge and understanding. By questioning established beliefs and seeking deeper understanding, individuals could strive for personal growth and moral development. Socrates' emphasis on self-improvement and the pursuit of truth had a profound impact on the development of Western philosophy.

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  • 7. 

    The Greek mathematician __________ produced what was long the world's most widely used compendiums of geometry.

    Euclid, a Greek mathematician, is known for producing the most widely used compendiums of geometry in the world. His work, known as "Elements," consists of thirteen books and covers various aspects of geometry, including definitions, axioms, and proofs. Euclid's "Elements" had a significant influence on the development of mathematics and remained a standard reference for over 2,000 years. His systematic approach and logical reasoning in presenting geometric concepts made his work highly regarded and widely studied.

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  • 8. 

    The Athenian dramatist __________ insightfully portrayed the psychological flaws of his tragic hero Oedipus. 

    Sophocles is the correct answer because he was an Athenian dramatist who is well-known for his plays, including the famous tragedy "Oedipus Rex." In this play, Sophocles skillfully portrayed the psychological flaws of the tragic hero Oedipus, making him a master at depicting complex characters and their inner struggles.

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  • 9. 

    The most important legislative body in classical Rome was __________ . 

    The most important legislative body in classical Rome was the Senate. The Senate was a governing body made up of wealthy and influential individuals who held significant power and authority in Roman politics. They played a crucial role in decision-making, passing laws, and advising the Roman magistrates. The Senate's influence extended beyond legislation, as they also had control over finances, foreign policy, and appointments to important positions in the government. Overall, the Senate was the primary institution responsible for shaping and governing the Roman Republic.

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  • 10. 

    __________ gained control of Rome in 45 B.C.E. and brought an end to the traditional institutions of the Roman state. 

    Julius Caesar gained control of Rome in 45 B.C.E. and brought an end to the traditional institutions of the Roman state. His rise to power marked the transition from the Roman Republic to the Roman Empire. Caesar was a military general and politician who played a crucial role in the downfall of the Roman Republic. He implemented various reforms and centralized power in his own hands, effectively ending the authority of the Senate and other traditional institutions. His actions ultimately led to his assassination in 44 B.C.E., but his legacy as a powerful leader and the catalyst for the transformation of Rome into an empire endured.

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