Chapter 4 Themes Of Anthropology: Culture

43 Questions | Total Attempts: 1626

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Chapter 4 Themes Of Anthropology: Culture

This is a practice test I am doing for myself, I mean no copyright infringement and this is just for personal testing of my knowledge.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The behavior of a dog learning commands shares all the following characteristics with a cultural behavior EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      It is acquired extragenetically

    • B. 

      It involves ideas

    • C. 

      It can be shared with other members of the same species

    • D. 

      It can generate generalizations

  • 2. 
    When we say that culture is shared "extragenetically" we mean it:
    • A. 

      Involves more than one gene (that is, "extra" genes)

    • B. 

      It is transmitted by something other than genes

    • C. 

      It has to rely on inheritance to be shared

    • D. 

      There is something in addition to genes involved in its sharing

  • 3. 
    An artifact is:
    • A. 

      Any manufactured item

    • B. 

      An work of art

    • C. 

      Only something made by a human

    • D. 

      Something that has been consciously manufactured

  • 4. 
    What is the most accurate statement regarding cultural behavior?
    • A. 

      It is possessed only by humans

    • B. 

      It is possessed to some extent by all animals

    • C. 

      It is the sole property of Homo sapiens

    • D. 

      It characterizes some behaviors of some other primates

  • 5. 
    The food washing of the Japanese macaques has all the characteristics of culture EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Learned behavior

    • B. 

      Involves abstractions and generalizations

    • C. 

      Is shared extragenetically

    • D. 

      Involves artifacts

  • 6. 
    The food washing of the Japanese macaques can be considered:
    • A. 

      Cultural

    • B. 

      Noncultural

    • C. 

      Protocultural

    • D. 

      Instinctive

  • 7. 
    It could be said that culture has a biological basis.  This is because:
    • A. 

      It is a genetic trait

    • B. 

      The potential for it is in the structure and function of our brains

    • C. 

      Cultural behaviors are basically instinctive

    • D. 

      All cultural behaviors derive from some past biological behavior

  • 8. 
    MacLean's triune brain model says that:
    • A. 

      The brain comes in three independent parts

    • B. 

      As the brain evolved new parts took over from old ones

    • C. 

      Brain evolution involves new parts interacting with old ones

    • D. 

      Old parts of our brains are present but are now inactive

  • 9. 
    Which part of the triune brain is involved with basic self-preservation functions?
    • A. 

      R-complex

    • B. 

      Medulla

    • C. 

      Limbic system

    • D. 

      Neocortex

  • 10. 
    Which part of the triune brain is involved with strong emotions, sex, and smell?
    • A. 

      R-complex

    • B. 

      Medulla

    • C. 

      Limbic system

    • D. 

      Neocortex

  • 11. 
    Which part of the triune brain is involved with deliberation, spatial reasoning, vision and hearing, and the exchange of information between brain and body?
    • A. 

      R-complex

    • B. 

      Medulla

    • C. 

      Limbic system

    • D. 

      Neocortex

  • 12. 
    Which is true of the neocortex?
    • A. 

      Only humans have one

    • B. 

      It has taken over all important brain functions in humans

    • C. 

      Humans have the largest neocortex

    • D. 

      Only primates have one

  • 13. 
    A society's basic set of assumptions about its world is known as its:
    • A. 

      Religion

    • B. 

      Legal system

    • C. 

      Philosophy

    • D. 

      World view

  • 14. 
    The world view of a society is based on its people's collective response to and interpretation of:
    • A. 

      Their religion and ethical/philosophical system

    • B. 

      The natural environment

    • C. 

      The cultural environment

    • D. 

      The interaction of the natural and cultural environments

  • 15. 
    What is the relationship between world view and religion?
    • A. 

      They are essentially the same

    • B. 

      Religion is the means used to formalize, talk about, and share world view

    • C. 

      World view derives from a society's religious beliefs

    • D. 

      World view is a primitive form of religion

  • 16. 
    When we say that a cultural system is "integrated" we mean:
    • A. 

      A culture operates as a system of interrelated parts

    • B. 

      All races possess culture

    • C. 

      Culture is intimately connected to and derived from biology

    • D. 

      Once established a cultural system never changes

  • 17. 
    Which best describes the world view of the Eskimo (at least prior to European contact)?
    • A. 

      They felt in scientific control over their world

    • B. 

      They felt completely at the mercy of the natural environment

    • C. 

      They felt their world was under absolute control of a single, all-powerful god

    • D. 

      They felt they were one with the environment, with limited, tenuous control

  • 18. 
    The Eskimo are polytheistic which means:
    • A. 

      The people have many different religious beliefs

    • B. 

      Different people worship different supernatural beings

    • C. 

      The culture recognizes multiple supernatural beings

    • D. 

      The people have migrated from many different cultural backgrounds

  • 19. 
    The world view of farmers from Southwest Asia changed because:
    • A. 

      Their natural environment changed drastically

    • B. 

      They stopped believing in multiple gods

    • C. 

      There was a cultural change in their relationship with the environment

    • D. 

      Christianity was founded

  • 20. 
    Which best describes the world view of Southwest Asian societies after the invention of food producing techniques?
    • A. 

      They felt at the mercy of the natural environment

    • B. 

      They felt they were one with the environment, with limited, tenuous control

    • C. 

      They felt a sense of control over the environment

    • D. 

      They felt under the control of a pantheon of gods and other supernatural beings

  • 21. 
    The religions that arose in food producing Southwest Asia can be described as monotheistic.  This means that:
    • A. 

      They recognized one supreme being over which humans had no control

    • B. 

      They recognized one supreme being over which humans had limited influence

    • C. 

      Everyone in that region held the same religious beliefs

    • D. 

      All cultures in that region descended from the same cultural source

  • 22. 
    Which of the following is NOT an aspect of the worldview of modern America?
    • A. 

      Value placed on individualism

    • B. 

      Expectation and value of change

    • C. 

      Importance of size

    • D. 

      Stress on conformity to a single set of cultural norms

  • 23. 
    The point of the necktie story is:
    • A. 

      Some cultural phenomena can't be explained

    • B. 

      Not all societies symbolize status differences

    • C. 

      All cultural features are related to a society's world view

    • D. 

      Clothing styles are an important reflection of a society's history

  • 24. 
    Which is NOT a reason that archaeology, of all the subfields of anthropology, is the most distinct?
    • A. 

      It is the oldest formal specialty

    • B. 

      It is essentially the popular activity of art collecting

    • C. 

      It involves special problems of collection and analysis

    • D. 

      It involves a specialized set of skills and techniques

  • 25. 
    The designs of old New England gravestones are most directly a reflection of:
    • A. 

      Religious belief

    • B. 

      Political atmosphere

    • C. 

      The state or colony in which they were made

    • D. 

      The specific time period involved

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