Chapter 38 - Respiratory System

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 438

SettingsSettingsSettings
Please wait...
Chapter 38 - Respiratory System

Respiratory questions


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    While assessing a client's respiratory system, the nurse remembers that a normal finding of the respiratory assessment is:
    • A. 

      Asymmetry of the chest wall and occasional use of the accessory muscles

    • B. 

      Bronchial breath sounds over the anterior chest of high pitch and long duration

    • C. 

      Vesicular breath sounds over the majority of the lung fields with occasional fine crackles

    • D. 

      Bronchovesicular breath sounds by the scapulae posteriorly and near the sternum anteriorly

  • 2. 
    A client has an increased risk for a pulmonary embolism if she is:
    • A. 

      On Coumadin therapy

    • B. 

      Diabetic or uses oral contraceptive pills

    • C. 

      Between the ages of 20 and 35

    • D. 

      Anemic and has episodes of dyspnea

  • 3. 
    During a physical assessment of the client, the nurse notes Cheyne-Stokes respirations.  The description of this respiratory pattern is:
    • A. 

      Irregular periods of increased rate and depth of respiration

    • B. 

      Apnea alternating with short periods of shallow respirations

    • C. 

      Abnormally slow breathing of increased depth and associated cyanosis

    • D. 

      Slow, shallow respirations increasing in rate and depth, alternating with apnea

  • 4. 
    A nurse is caring for a client with a chest tube in place.  If the chest tube is dislodged, the first action of the nurse will be to:
    • A. 

      Evaluate respiratory effort and notify the physician

    • B. 

      Replace the tube using sterile gloves and aseptic technique

    • C. 

      Cover the opening with petrolatum gauze and apply pressure

    • D. 

      Assess the opening on the chest wall for lacerations and drainage

  • 5. 
    The nurse is examining a client with pneumonia.  what abnormal assessment findings are likely to be noted?
    • A. 

      Friction rub and stridor

    • B. 

      Fine and course crackles

    • C. 

      Hyperresonance and fever

    • D. 

      Bronchovesicular breath sounds

  • 6. 
    The nurse suspects pulmonary edema in a client who has:
    • A. 

      A chronic cough with purulent sputum

    • B. 

      Noticeable wheezing and pain on inspiration

    • C. 

      A cough that produces a large amount of pink, frothy sputum

    • D. 

      Absent breath sounds with a mediastinum shift toward the affected side

  • 7. 
    Chemoreceptors normally initiate respiration in response to a(n)______________ of carbon dioxide in the blood.
    • A. 

      Change

    • B. 

      Decrease

    • C. 

      Increase

    • D. 

      Low level

  • 8. 
    A client with _________________ is more likely to exhibit wheezing.
    • A. 

      Congestive heart failure or atelectasis

    • B. 

      A lung abscess or pleurisy

    • C. 

      Pneumonia or atelectasis

    • D. 

      Bronchitis or asthma

  • 9. 
    Group A beta-hemalytic streptococci infections of the upper respiratory system are associated with serious sequelae such as
    • A. 

      Laryngitis

    • B. 

      Rheumatic fever

    • C. 

      Sinusitis

    • D. 

      Pharyngitis

  • 10. 
    Which of the following states a change that does not occur in an elderly client's respiratory status?
    • A. 

      The cough reflex increases

    • B. 

      The aspiration risk increases

    • C. 

      Ciliary activity diminishes

    • D. 

      The medulla becomes less sensitive to changes in carbon dioxide levels

Back to Top Back to top