Chapter 34

65 Questions | Total Attempts: 75

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Syndrome Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    During times of respiratory distress, the infant's chest wall may flex inward and limit functional respiratory capacity because the chest wall -_____________ andn ____________.
    • A. 

      Flexibility and compliance

    • B. 

      Muscluature and rigidity

  • 2. 
    At birth, the infant has small, immature alveoli that cause  _____________ to airflow.
    • A. 

      No limits

    • B. 

      Increased resistance

  • 3. 
    Surfactant production begins by_____________ weeks gestation,
    • A. 

      18-22

    • B. 

      20-24

    • C. 

      230-34

  • 4. 
    Failure to prodcuce surfactant at brith results in severe__________ and RDS of the newborn
    • A. 

      Atelactesis

    • B. 

      Pain

  • 5. 
    ____________ is a disease process primarlly caused by hyperresponsive airways that are sensitive to certain environmental triggers.
    • A. 

      Emphysema

    • B. 

      Asthma

  • 6. 
    Children have greater__________ and )__________________ than adutls
    • A. 

      Flexibility cilia

    • B. 

      Metabolic rates and O2 consumption

  • 7. 
    Epiglottitis is charcterized by
    • A. 

      Gradual onset

    • B. 

      Severe stridor

    • C. 

      Harsh cough

    • D. 

      Nasal discharge

  • 8. 
    Laryngotracheobronchitis is characterized by
    • A. 

      Drooling

    • B. 

      H- Flu infections

    • C. 

      Group A streptococcal infections

    • D. 

      Inflammation from vacal cords to bronchial lumina

  • 9. 
    The most common cause of bronchiolitis is
    • A. 

      H. influenza

    • B. 

      Exposure to allergens

    • C. 

      Parainfluenza virus

    • D. 

      RSV

  • 10. 
    Most children who aspirate foreign objects:
    • A. 

      Exhibit quiescent intervals before symptoms appear

    • B. 

      Remove the offending object by coughing

    • C. 

      Lodged in the trachea exhibit wheezing

    • D. 

      Lodged in airways, exhibit stridor

  • 11. 
    Staphylococcal pneumonia results in:
    • A. 

      Mild system symptoms

    • B. 

      Upper respiratory tract involvement

    • C. 

      Lobar involvement

    • D. 

      A typical pneumonia

  • 12. 
    Which is true of childhood pneumonias?
    • A. 

      All pneumonia's are mostly lobar

    • B. 

      Systemic involvement is greater involvement in viral than in bacterial pneumonias

    • C. 

      Viral pneumonia's are often preceded by a cold

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 13. 
    Which statement about SIDS is true?
    • A. 

      It commonly occurs during autumn

    • B. 

      Its etiology is known

    • C. 

      Is occurs between 3 and 4 months of age

    • D. 

      It may be effectively treated

  • 14. 
    Cystic fibrosis is
    • A. 

      A multisystem disease

    • B. 

      A defect that results in overproduction of viscous mucus

    • C. 

      A disease for which is it difficult to detect carriers through genetic testing

    • D. 

      Diagnosed by sweat chloride testing

    • E. 

      A, b and d

  • 15. 
    Asthma
    • A. 

      Triggers include allergens and viruses

    • B. 

      Of affected individuals may be assumed to be cured if ther are asymptomatic for a number of years

    • C. 

      Is characterized by hyperresponsive airways

    • D. 

      Both a and c are correct

    • E. 

      A, b and c are correct

  • 16. 
    Respiratory distress syndrome of the newborn:
    • A. 

      Exhibits vasodilation of the pulmonary vascular bed

    • B. 

      Develops less capillary permeability, which causes fibrin deposits

    • C. 

      Can be treated with nitric oxide to alleviate pulmonary htn

    • D. 

      Can be treated at birth by the administration of glucocorticoids

  • 17. 
    Match the circumstance or cause with the alteration: (may have more than one answer) Chronic condition
    • A. 

      Asthma

    • B. 

      Cystic fibrosis

    • C. 

      Laryngotracheobronchitis

    • D. 

      Bronchopulmonary dysplasia

    • E. 

      Epiglottitis

    • F. 

      Respiratory distress syndrome

  • 18. 
    Match the circumstance or cause with the alteration: (may have more than one answer) genetic predisposition
    • A. 

      Asthma

    • B. 

      Cystic fibrosis

    • C. 

      Laryngotracheobronchitis

    • D. 

      Bronchopulmonary dysplasia

    • E. 

      Epiglottitis

    • F. 

      Respiratory distress syndrome

  • 19. 
    Match the circumstance or cause with the alteration: (may have more than one answer) may result in persistant fetal circulation
    • A. 

      Asthma

    • B. 

      Cystic fibrosis

    • C. 

      Laryngotracheobronchitis

    • D. 

      Bronchopulmonary dysplasia

    • E. 

      Epiglottitis

    • F. 

      Respiratory distress syndrome

  • 20. 
    Match the circumstance or cause with the alteration: (may have more than one answer) may be a consequence of prematurity
    • A. 

      Asthma

    • B. 

      Cystic fibrosis

    • C. 

      Laryngotracheobronchitis

    • D. 

      Bronchopulmonary dysplasia

    • E. 

      Epiglottitis

    • F. 

      Respiratory distress syndrome

  • 21. 
    Match the circumstance or cause with the alteration: (may have more than one answer) Acute, life threatening infection
    • A. 

      Asthma

    • B. 

      Cystic fibrosis

    • C. 

      Laryngotracheobronchitis

    • D. 

      Bronchopulmonary dysplasia

    • E. 

      Epiglottitis

    • F. 

      Respiratory distress syndrome

  • 22. 
    Match the circumstance or cause with the alteration: (may have more than one answer) Parainfluenza virus
    • A. 

      Asthma

    • B. 

      Cystic fibrosis

    • C. 

      Laryngotracheobronchitis

    • D. 

      Bronchopulmonary dysplasia

    • E. 

      Epiglottitis

    • F. 

      Respiratory distress syndrome

  • 23. 
    Match the circumstance or cause with the alteration: (may have more than one answer)   Neonatal chronic lung disesae
    • A. 

      Asthma

    • B. 

      Cystic fibrosis

    • C. 

      Laryngotracheobronchitis

    • D. 

      Bronchopulmonary dysplasia

    • E. 

      Epiglottitis

    • F. 

      Respiratory distress syndrome

  • 24. 
    Match the circumstance or cause with the alteration: (may have more than one answer) Occurs epidemically in the fall and winter
    • A. 

      Asthma

    • B. 

      Cystic fibrosis

    • C. 

      Laryngotracheobronchitis

    • D. 

      Bronchopulmonary dysplasia

    • E. 

      Epiglottitis

    • F. 

      Respiratory distress syndrome

  • 25. 
    Match the circumstance or cause with the alteration: (may have more than one answer) Inflammatory basis with hyperresponsive airways
    • A. 

      Asthma

    • B. 

      Cystic fibrosis

    • C. 

      Laryngotracheobronchitis

    • D. 

      Bronchopulmonary dysplasia

    • E. 

      Epiglottitis

    • F. 

      Respiratory distress syndrome