Latin American Quiz Queations'

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Latin American Quiz Queations

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    In what way was Latin America different from other regions that remained outside the direct control of Western imperialism?
    • A. 

      Latin America had no economic relationship with the West.

    • B. 

      During the century of imperialism, Latin America cast off previous colonial controls through revolution.

    • C. 

      Unlike other regions, Latin America had no previous political relationship to the West.

    • D. 

      The ideals of the Enlightenment had little or no impact on Latin America.

    • E. 

      It achieved rapid industrialization through the use of capital from the United States.

  • 2. 
    In what century did most Latin American countries achieve their independence?
    • A. 

      16th

    • B. 

      17th

    • C. 

      18th

    • D. 

      19th

    • E. 

      20th

  • 3. 
    Which of the following was NOT one of the beliefs that Latin America shared with the West during the 19th century?
    • A. 

      Belief in "progress"

    • B. 

      Belief in reform

    • C. 

      Belief in absolute monarchy

    • D. 

      Belief in private property

    • E. 

      Belief in democratic ideals

  • 4. 
    Which of the following events was rejected by Creole elites as a model of revolution because of excessive radicalism?
    • A. 

      American Revolution

    • B. 

      French Revolution

    • C. 

      Independence movement in Portugal

    • D. 

      Napoleonic Wars

    • E. 

      English Civil War

  • 5. 
    The leader of the slave independence movement on the island of St. Domingue was
    • A. 

      Bernardino Rivadavia.

    • B. 

      Father Miguel de Hidalgo.

    • C. 

      Simon Bolívar.

    • D. 

      Toussaint L'Overture.

    • E. 

      Ferdinand DeLesseps

  • 6. 
    For whom in Latin America did the independence of Haiti serve as a symbol of freedom and hope?
    • A. 

      The Creole elite

    • B. 

      The Spanish

    • C. 

      The slaves

    • D. 

      Mestizos

    • E. 

      Mexico

  • 7. 
    What was the impact of the Haitian independence movement on Latin America?
    • A. 

      It served as a model for national independence movements throughout South and Central America.

    • B. 

      It demonstrated the power of Creole elites in leading revolutionary movements.

    • C. 

      It led immediately to a general abolition of slavery throughout Latin America.

    • D. 

      Creole elites viewed it with horror as an example of general social upheaval.

    • E. 

      It led to freedom for slaves in Latin America and the United States.

  • 8. 
    What event in 19th-century Europe precipitated the movements for independence in Latin America?
    • A. 

      The forced abdication of the royal family of Spain during the Napoleonic wars

    • B. 

      The conquest of the Mughal empire by the Portuguese

    • C. 

      Spain's loss of colonial territories to the British during the War of Jenkin's Ear

    • D. 

      The Seven Years War and is aftermath

    • E. 

      Beheading of Louis XVI during the French Revolution

  • 9. 
    Who initiated the movement for independence in Mexico by calling on the mestizos and Indians to rebel in 1810?
    • A. 

      Toussaint L'Overture

    • B. 

      Father Miguel de Hidalgo

    • C. 

      Simon Bolívar

    • D. 

      Manuel de Rosas

    • E. 

      Jose Maria Morelos

  • 10. 
    Who was proclaimed the first emperor of Mexico?
    • A. 

      Toussaint L'Overture

    • B. 

      Bernardino Rivadavia

    • C. 

      Manuel de Rosas

    • D. 

      Augustín Iturbide

    • E. 

      Maximilian of Hapsburg

  • 11. 
    Simon Bolívar was responsible for the independence movement in
    • A. 

      Argentina.

    • B. 

      Mexico.

    • C. 

      Northern South America.

    • D. 

      Guatemala.

    • E. 

      Panama.

  • 12. 
    The person responsible for the independence movements in Argentina and Chile was
    • A. 

      Manuel de Rosas.

    • B. 

      Bernardino Rivadavia.

    • C. 

      Simon Bolívar.

    • D. 

      José de San Martín.

    • E. 

      Giuseppe Garbaldi

  • 13. 
    By what date had all of Spanish South America gained its independence?
    • A. 

      1808

    • B. 

      1814

    • C. 

      1816

    • D. 

      1825

    • E. 

      1865

  • 14. 
    In what way was the experience of the Napoleonic wars different for Portugal than for Spain?
    • A. 

      Portugal was allied with the French emperor.

    • B. 

      The French attempted to invade Portugal, but failed.

    • C. 

      The entire royal family fled from the French to Brazil and established their capital there.

    • D. 

      Following the defeat of the Portuguese, the French took over the colonial administration of Brazil.

    • E. 

      The Portuguese were assisted by Britain unlike the Spanish.

  • 15. 
    How was Brazilian independence achieved?
    • A. 

      Through a rebellion led by the Creole elite

    • B. 

      Through a slave rebellion on the model of Haiti

    • C. 

      Because the French freed the colony unilaterally

    • D. 

      Pedro, the prince regent of Brazil, declared independence

    • E. 

      By an act of the Portuguese parliament

  • 16. 
    In what way was the government of independent Brazil different from those of the other newly created Latin American nations?
    • A. 

      Brazil was a monarchy rather than a republic.

    • B. 

      It was the only government that immediately abolished slavery.

    • C. 

      It was ruled by the popular majority of former slaves and people of mixed race.

    • D. 

      It was the only republican form of government established in Latin America.

    • E. 

      It abolished all forms of racial discrimination.

  • 17. 
    Which of the following statements is most accurate?
    • A. 

      While most leaders sought to maintain Catholicism as the official religion of the new states, some sought to end the exclusion of other faiths.

    • B. 

      Roman Catholicism had been the only state religion during the colonial period, and its status as the only permitted religion remained unchallenged after independence.

    • C. 

      The onset of independence was accompanied by a general trend away from Catholicism toward Protestant religions.

    • D. 

      The defense of the Roman Catholic church became a rallying cry for Latin American Liberals.

    • E. 

      As Spanish power declined, so did the power of the Roman Catholic church.

  • 18. 
    In which of the following areas did slavery NOT exist following 1854?
    • A. 

      Cuba

    • B. 

      Puerto Rico

    • C. 

      Mexico

    • D. 

      Brazil

    • E. 

      Southern United States

  • 19. 
    Which of the following states was not part of Gran Colombia?
    • A. 

      Paraguay

    • B. 

      Ecuador

    • C. 

      Venezuela

    • D. 

      Colombia

    • E. 

      Chile

  • 20. 
    Which of the following statements concerning the political organization of Latin America to 1850 is most accurate?
    • A. 

      Most of Latin America was divided up into consolidated units that mirrored the colonial vice royalties.

    • B. 

      The excellent colonial road system enabled the creation of larger states after independence.

    • C. 

      Permanent consolidation and union was more typical of Central America and southern South America than elsewhere.

    • D. 

      Most attempts at consolidation and union had failed.

    • E. 

      Traditional tribal boundaries formed the basis for new nation-states.

  • 21. 
    Independent leaders who dominated local areas by force in defiance of national policies and who sometimes seized the national government were called
    • A. 

      Rurales.

    • B. 

      Caudillos.

    • C. 

      Guano.

    • D. 

      Fazendas.

    • E. 

      Jefes.

  • 22. 
    Which of the following characteristics is most accurately associated with the "centralist" theory of government in Latin America?
    • A. 

      Fiscal and commercial policies set by regional governments

    • B. 

      Recognition of the political rights of Indians and mestizos

    • C. 

      Democracy

    • D. 

      Strong national governments with broad powers

    • E. 

      Multi-party parliamentary governments

  • 23. 
    Which of the following political principles would NOT be associated with Latin American Liberals?
    • A. 

      Rights of individuals

    • B. 

      Secular society modeled on the United States

    • C. 

      The retention of colonial governors and viceroys

    • D. 

      Development of commerce

    • E. 

      Literacy and education

  • 24. 
    In what way were both Liberal and Conservative parties in Latin America similar?
    • A. 

      Their distrust for Roman Catholicism

    • B. 

      Their acceptance of federalist political theory

    • C. 

      Their endorsement of centralist political theory

    • D. 

      The social origins of their leadership

    • E. 

      Their beliefs about economic systems

  • 25. 
    What European nation was the first to offer recognition of the newly independent nations of Latin America?
    • A. 

      Germany

    • B. 

      Britain

    • C. 

      Spain

    • D. 

      Portugal

    • E. 

      Russia

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