A. Both the abortion rate and the birth rate among adolescents are continuing to increase.
B. By age 18 to 19, the majority of adolescents have had sexual experience.
C. Teenage pregnancy in the United States was at its highest in decade between 2000 and 2010.
D. Teenage pregnancy in the United States is lower than that in at least four other industrialized nations.
A. Parents beliefs and values
B. Peer pressure and the need to belong to a group of peers
C. Educational programs presented in the school
D. Religious beliefs
A. Avoiding situations in which temptation and opportunity may be available.
B. Continuing to believe in a strong moral code that forbids sexual intercourse.
C. Engaging in oral sex instead.
D. Taking a pledge to remain a virgin until marriage.
A. The adolescent does not know how to use or obtain birth control.
B. The adolescent feels the need to belong to a group of peers, and those peers have suggested not using contraception.
C. The adolescent fears that condom use will interfere with the sensations enjoyed during intercourse.
D. The adolescent prefers to have sex on a spontaneous couldnt help myself basis.
A. Ambivalent about sex education, with restricted access to contraception.
B. Focused on abstinence-only programs with or without parental approval.
C. Restricted to federal funding for clinics for financially disadvantaged adolescents.
D. Supportive of comprehensive sex education, including contraceptive services.
A. Female adolescents desire intimacy, whereas male adolescents enjoy the physical pleasure and social status.
B. Female adolescents love the acceptance and attention, whereas male adolescents enjoy the control and power.
C. Female adolescents want to be like everyone else, whereas male adolescents consider sex a game.
D. Female adolescents try to keep male adolescents interested in them, whereas male adolescents want to report a conquest.
A. Academic motivation and orientation toward the future
B. Availability and cost of contraceptives
C. Gender and socioeconomic status
D. Racial/ethnic group
A. Teenagers from single-parent homes
B. Teenagers who are doing well in school and planning to attend college
C. Teenagers who are or have been sexually abused
D. Teenagers who engage in smoking, drinking, and using drugs
A. Alcoholism and heavy drug use.
B. Depression and suicide.
C. Ridicule and harassment by peers who are not sexually active.
D. Unemployment and financial hardships.
A. Infected men are usually aware that they have an STD.
B. Of the 10 most prevalent infectious diseases, 5 are STDs.
C. Most STD infections are spread by direct contact.
D. More men than women are infected with STDs.
A. The rate of adolescent pregnancies is lower in the United States than in most other industrialized nations.
B. The rate of adolescent pregnancies is about the same in the United States as in other industrialized nations.
C. The rate of adolescent pregnancies is higher in the United States than in most other industrialized nations.
D. The rate of adolescent pregnancies is lower in the United States than in most other industrialized nations but is rising rapidly.
A. It remained consistent from 2004 to 2009.
B. It has continued to rise.
C. It has been fluctuating rather wildly.
D. It has remained high, but rates are decreasing.
A. Abort the products of conception.
B. Keep her newborn.
C. Marry the father and make a mutual decision.
D. Put her infant up for adoption.
A. African American teenagers have the highest number of pregnancies and births.
B. Asian or Pacific Islander teenagers have the highest number of pregnancies and births.
C. White teenagers have the highest number of pregnancies and births.
D. Hispanic teenagers have the highest number of pregnancies and births.
A. The abortion rate is lower in the United States than in other industrialized nations.
B. The abortion rate is about the same in the United States as in other industrialized nations.
C. The abortion rate is higher in the United States than in other industrialized nations.
D. The abortion rate is higher among white teenagers in the United States than among white teenagers from other industrialized nations.
A. Teenage pregnancy is inconsistent with community values and norms.
B. Pregnant teenagers are poor role models for younger children.
C. The community pays financially for the consequences of teenage pregnancy.
D. There are cultural and social sanctions against adolescent sexuality.
A. Increased attention
B. Increased risk of health problems
C. Increased incidence of high birth weights
D. Increased success in school
A. The family will draw closer together as they confront this new family crisis.
B. The family will likely distance themselves from their daughter.
C. The family will be excited to play with the new baby.
D. The family will have unexpected economic and emotional pressure.
A. About the same age as the teenage mother.
B. Several years older than the teenage mother.
C. Undetermined; studies have not yet determined this information.
D. Younger than the teenage mother.
A. Fathers are involved through delivery, but then the relationship dissipates.
B. Fathers are not involved with the mother once the pregnancy is known.
C. Fathers contribute financially to the childs upbringing as much as they are able.
D. Fathers remain involved with the mother and her infant for several years.
A. She and her 17-year-old boyfriend have been living in their own apartment for 6 months.
B. She has worked part-time for years while attending high school.
C. She is employed as an aide in a legal office on Saturdays and might sue the health care agency if she does not receive the care she is requesting.
D. She is living with her grandmother, not her parents.
A. Although she can consent to her newborns care, she needs parental consent for her own.
B. The young mother could not have an immunization while breast-feeding a baby.
C. The young mother should not have an immunization until she has had her postpartum checkup.
D. The period after childbirth is an inappropriate time for a new mother to receive an immunization.
A. Intense human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention education program with distribution of free condoms
B. Group meetings and counseling of new mothers to help with family coping
C. Peer counselors visiting pregnant teenagers and offering suggestions
D. Volunteers educating the families of pregnant teenagers to ensure early prenatal care
A. They persuade young persons to postpone sexual activity.
B. They help young persons avoid pregnancy and transmission of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).
C. They are ineffective in reducing sexual activity, STDs, and pregnancies.
D. They reinforce the reasons to avoid sexual activity until after marriage.
A. Need adoption counseling.
B. Have poor nutrition and lifestyle habits.
C. Ignore their pregnancy.
D. Have gestational diabetes.