Chapter 22 Philosophy

22 Questions | Total Attempts: 36

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Philosophy Quizzes & Trivia

Chapter 22 Philosophy test


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Autonomous being:
    • A. 

      According to Immanuel Kant, a self-directed, rational being

    • B. 

      A type of ethical theory that evaluates moral worth according to the nature of consequences, which result from some action, policy, or practice

    • C. 

      A perplexity that seemingly confounds the understanding.

  • 2. 
    Consequentialism:
    • A. 

      The philosophical study of morality

    • B. 

      A type of ethical theory that evaluates moral worth according to the nature of consequences, which result from some action, policy, or practice

    • C. 

      Immanuel Kant's ethical theroy, which applies the categorical imperative as the moral test of action.

  • 3. 
    Dilemma:
    • A. 

      Ethical theory which defines right-ness as the maximization of non-moral good.

    • B. 

      He philosophical study of morality

    • C. 

      A perplexity that seemingly confounds the understanding. Cases that are not covered by available concepts or theories.

  • 4. 
    Ethics:
    • A. 

      A perplexity that seemingly confounds the understanding. Cases that are not covered by available concepts or theories.

    • B. 

      The philosophical study of morality

    • C. 

      Ethical theory which defines right-ness as the maximization of non-moral good.

  • 5. 
    Kantianism:
    • A. 

      According to Immanuel Kant, a self-directed, rational being

    • B. 

      A type of ethical theory that evaluates moral worth according to the nature of consequences, which result from some action, policy, or practice

    • C. 

      Immanuel Kant's ethical theroy, which applies the categorical imperative as the moral test of action.

  • 6. 
    Moral dilemma:
    • A. 

      Premature infants

    • B. 

      The philosophical study of morality

    • C. 

      Ethical theory which defines right-ness as the maximization of non-moral good.

  • 7. 
    Utilitarianism:
    • A. 

      A perplexity that seemingly confounds the understanding. Cases that are not covered by available concepts or theories.

    • B. 

      According to Immanuel Kant, a self-directed, rational being

    • C. 

      Ethical theory which defines right-ness as the maximization of non-moral good.

  • 8. 
    Virtue Ethics:
    • A. 

      Immanuel Kant's ethical theroy, which applies the categorical imperative as the moral test of action.

    • B. 

      A non-formula based ethical theory, which emphasizes character traits as excellence's.

    • C. 

      A perplexity that seemingly confounds the understanding.

  • 9. 
    The moral dilemma discussed in this case concerns saving:
    • A. 

      Starving children

    • B. 

      Premature infants

    • C. 

      Innocent victims in war

  • 10. 
    • A. 

      There is an extended medical discussion about saving the infant

    • B. 

      The parents are immediately consulted as to how the medical response should proceed.

    • C. 

      They are always treated

  • 11. 
    To take a Kantian moral point of view in the sort of situation would be to place first priority on:
    • A. 

      The dignity of and respect for the infant

    • B. 

      The best overall consequences of any course of action

    • C. 

      What seems the most natural course

  • 12. 
    To take a utilitarian moral point of view in the sort of situation would be to place first priority on:
    • A. 

      The dignity of and respect for the infant

    • B. 

      The best overall consequences of any course of action

    • C. 

      What seems the most natural course

  • 13. 
    To take a virtues-based moral point of view in this sort of situation would be to place first priority on:
    • A. 

      The dignity of and respect for the infant

    • B. 

      The character and whole life of the infant and those involved with it.

    • C. 

      What seems the most natural course

  • 14. 
    Which of the following is Kant's categorical imperative?
    • A. 

      Act so to maximize the good for the greatest number.

    • B. 

      Act so as to maximize the good for yourself

    • C. 

      Act so that the maxim of your action could be a universal law of nature

  • 15. 
    Kant seemed to believe that good will and good intentions would automatically lead to:
    • A. 

      Principle or rule-based theories

    • B. 

      Virtue-based theories

    • C. 

      Divinely-based theories

  • 16. 
    Virtue ethics are sometimes contrasted to Kantian or utilitarian ethical theories in that they do not:
    • A. 

      Tell the individual what he or she ought to do

    • B. 

      Do reply upon a fixed set of rules or principles

    • C. 

      Deal with issues of happiness

  • 17. 
    Of the three ethical theories studied here, which one offers a clear-cut answer to the moral dilemmas faced in this episode?
    • A. 

      Kantian theories

    • B. 

      Utilitarian theories

    • C. 

      Virtue theories

    • D. 

      All offer critical considerations, but none offer an irrefutable answer

  • 18. 
    The imperfect stat of ethical theories demonstrates the importance of rejecting them
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    Richard Hare adopts a utilitarian approach to ethics to prove that abortion is always morally right.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    Jane English shows that abortion is always wrong by using a Kantian approach to ethics.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    The natural law position on euthanasia argues that life is a fundamental good that should not be destroyed.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    Jame Rachels uses both a utilitarian and a Kantian approach to ethics to show that active euthanasia is sometimes morally acceptable
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False