Chapter 2: The Emergence Of A Global System Of States, 1500-today

10 Questions

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Chapter 2: The Emergence Of A Global System Of States, 1500-today

Test your knowledge of the history of the international system.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Before the 2003 Iraq War, President George Bush warned against inaction, alluding to a past conflict in which ‘some chose to appease murderous dictators whose threats were allowed to grow into genocide and global war.’  Bush was most likely referring to which of the following?
    • A. 

      Accommodation of Hitler’s demands by other European powers before World War II

    • B. 

      American willingness to cooperate with Josef Stalin during and after World War II, allowing him to rise to power in Russia

    • C. 

      Western leaders’ casual stance on Japan, allowing Emperor Hirohito to rise to power and militarize the country

    • D. 

      The soft position taken by France and Britain on fascism after World War I, allowing Benito Mussolini to rise to power in Italy

  • 2. 
    The actual fighting of the Cold War was primarily done by_____________.
    • A. 

      Nuclear attacks on important strategic locations

    • B. 

      Ground battles between Soviet and American troops

    • C. 

      Proxy wars, such as Vietnam, Korea, and Afghanistan

    • D. 

      The triple Entente against Germany and the USSR (allied by the Nazi-Soviet non-aggression pact

  • 3. 
    The Treaty of Westphalia’s greatest lasting significance for the international system is__________.
    • A. 

      Ending the Thirty Years War, thereby allowing France and Britain to begin a long and successful alliance

    • B. 

      Ending World War I and, in doing so, bridging the Atlantic to bring the US and Western Europe into alliance

    • C. 

      Leading directly to the creation of the United Nations

    • D. 

      Dividing Europe into states akin to the ones we see today, thereby giving rise to the current state-based international order

  • 4. 
    The results of the Rum Triangle best demonstrate______________________.
    • A. 

      The advantages of imperialism for European imperialist powers, at the expense of conquered populations

    • B. 

      The integration of Africa as a major player in the international system

    • C. 

      The rise to prominence of Brazil, India, and China

    • D. 

      The importance of trans-Pacific trade to international political economy

  • 5. 
    In the first three decades after World War II (1946–1976), numerous new states were created by_____________________.
    • A. 

      The process of decolonization

    • B. 

      The collapse of the Soviet Union

    • C. 

      The relinquishing of conquered nations by Germany

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 6. 
    Which of the following factors was a primary advantage that allowed European countries to emerge ahead of Asian countries as major players in the international system?
    • A. 

      Climate

    • B. 

      Geography

    • C. 

      History of disease

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 7. 
    In the decades following World War I, US foreign policy is best described as ____________.
    • A. 

      Active. The US maintained high troop levels in Europe, created and entered the League of Nations, and played a primary role in European affairs.

    • B. 

      Aggressive. The US took advantage of its relatively undamaged position after the war to pursue one-sided trade engagements and alliances and greatly increased its imperialist activity.

    • C. 

      Isolationist. In the aftermath of the war, the US decided it was best to stay out of foreign conflicts and focus on domestic affairs, avoiding the membership in the League of Nations and declining to ratify the Treaty of Versailles or alliances with France and Britain.

    • D. 

      Friendly. Emerging victorious, the US sought to use its power to avoid future conflicts by allying with France and Britain via the Treaty of Versailles, offering generous surrender terms to Germany and its allies, providing substantial aid to war-torn economies, and negotiating settlements between the European powers.

  • 8. 
    Which of the following was a primary cause of World War I?
    • A. 

      European leaders established alliances that instilled mutual fear and suspicion

    • B. 

      European leaders harbored false beliefs about the ease of winning a war

    • C. 

      Europeans leaders lost control of a regional crisis

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 9. 
    The Non-Aligned Movement, UNCTAD, the Group of 77, and OPEC can all be viewed as______________.
    • A. 

      Attempts by poorer, weaker states to either band together to balance the strength of the great powers or focus on common issues of economic development

    • B. 

      Unsuccessful guerrilla movements attempting to overthrow communism in their home countries

    • C. 

      US political movements or organizations dedicated to changing US foreign policy to make it more reflective of citizens’ concerns

    • D. 

      Coalitions of anti-American states attempting to overthrow US unipolarity and establish an entirely equal international order

  • 10. 
    The doctrine of mercantilism led to a significant increase in_________________.
    • A. 

      Communism

    • B. 

      Imperialism

    • C. 

      Isolationism

    • D. 

      Fascism