Chapter 2 Philosophy Quiz

25 Questions | Total Attempts: 103

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Philosophy Quizzes & Trivia

Most people who pick up philosophy in class hope to answer some questions on existence and why we behave the way we do. Are you a philosophy student? The test below is the second to help you understand some of the things covered in class this semester. Give it a shot and see if your memory is fresh on the topics.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Behaviorism is:
    • A. 

      A school of psychology that restricts the study of human nature to what can be observed rather than to states of consciousness.

    • B. 

      The way of looking at things apart from technical or special training

    • C. 

      A theory that claims humans should be thought of as complicated computers.

  • 2. 
    Common sense:
    • A. 

      A theory that claims humans should be thought of as complicated computers.

    • B. 

      The way of looking at things apart from technical or special training

    • C. 

      The metaphysical view that reality ultimately consist of two kinds of things. Distinctions are made between substantive and property dualistic views.

  • 3. 
    Dualism:
    • A. 

      The metaphysical view that reality ultimately consist of two kinds of things. Distinctions are made between substantive and property

    • B. 

      A theory that claims humans should be thought of as complicated computers.

    • C. 

      The metaphysical view that reality ultimately consist of two kinds of things. Distinctions are made between substantive and property dualistic views.

  • 4. 
    Functionalism:
    • A. 

      A theory that claims humans should be thought of as complicated computers.

    • B. 

      The metaphysical view that reality ultimately consist of two kinds of things. Distinctions are made between substantive and property

    • C. 

      The way of looking at things apart from technical or special training

  • 5. 
    Interactionsism:
    • A. 

      The metaphysical position that reality is ultimately composed of matter.

    • B. 

      The theory that the mind and the body interact, originally associated with Descartes.

    • C. 

      The idea that one kind of thing is, or can be defined as, another kind of thing.

  • 6. 
    Materialism:
    • A. 

      The idea that one kind of thing is, or can be defined as, another kind of thing.

    • B. 

      The theory that the mind and the body interact, originally associated with Descartes.

    • C. 

      The metaphysical position that reality is ultimately composed of matter.

  • 7. 
    Reductionism:
    • A. 

      The metaphysical position that reality is ultimately composed of matter.

    • B. 

      The idea that one kind of thing is, or can be defined as, another kind of thing.

    • C. 

      The theory that the mind and the body interact, originally associated

  • 8. 
    Turing Test:
    • A. 

      The metaphysical position that reality is ultimately composed of matter.

    • B. 

      A test for judging when a computer has reached the equivalent of a human mind by determining outputs a computer generates.

    • C. 

      The metaphysical view that reality ultimately consist of two kinds of things. Distinctions are made between substantive and property

  • 9. 
    The metaphysical view that claims reality ultimately consists of two kinds of things is:
    • A. 

      Materialism

    • B. 

      Dualism

    • C. 

      Pluralism

    • D. 

      Dadaism

  • 10. 
    The scientific conception of the nature of the mind tends to take the metaphysical view of:
    • A. 

      Dualism

    • B. 

      Materialism

    • C. 

      Skepticism

    • D. 

      Deism

  • 11. 
    The seventeenth century philosopher who gave us analytic geometry and focused munch attention upon  the theory of dualism was:
    • A. 

      Thomas Hobbes

    • B. 

      Rene' Descartes

    • C. 

      David Hume

    • D. 

      Hilary Putnam

  • 12. 
    Traditionally, one of the most formidable problems facing any metaphysical theory of dualism is:
    • A. 

      How a mind and body can interact

    • B. 

      How a mind can think logically and non-logically

    • C. 

      How souls can be immortal

  • 13. 
    From a scientific point of view, dualism lacks feasibility since it:
    • A. 

      Is most strongly associated with the French

    • B. 

      Tends to be defended by religious thinkers

    • C. 

      Claims that bodies are essentially extended.

  • 14. 
    Thomas Hobbes, a contemporary and critic of Decartes, argued that reality ultimately consist of :
    • A. 

      Is most strongly associated with the French

    • B. 

      Claims that bodies are essentially extended.

    • C. 

      Matter in motion

  • 15. 
    Which of the following contemporary theories of the mind would be considered a version of metaphysical materialism:
    • A. 

      Claims that bodies are essentially extended.

    • B. 

      Behaviorism

    • C. 

      How souls can be immortal

  • 16. 
    A fundamental problem with all forms of behaviorism is:
    • A. 

      Claims that bodies are essentially extended.

    • B. 

      Being unable to distinguish between the responses of a computer and those of a human.claims that bodies are essentially extended.

    • C. 

      Accounting for the subjective feature of all consciousness

  • 17. 
    The Turing Test for determining artificial intelligence involves:
    • A. 

      Being unable to distinguish between the responses of a computer and those of a human.claims that bodies are essentially extended.

    • B. 

      Accounting for the subjective feature of all consciousness

    • C. 

      The brain distributes its load over time but a computer distributes over space

  • 18. 
    According to John Searle's Chinese Room argument:
    • A. 

      The brain distributes its load over time but a computer distributes over space

    • B. 

      Computers only manipulate formal symbols

    • C. 

      Accounting for the subjective feature of all consciousness

  • 19. 
    A fundamental distinction between a computer processing information and the brain processing information is that:
    • A. 

      Computers only manipulate formal symbols

    • B. 

      Accounting for the subjective feature of all consciousness

    • C. 

      The brain distributes its load over time but a computer distributes over space

  • 20. 
    Theories claiming that mental phenomena are really some type of physical phenomena are considered to be:
    • A. 

      Reductionist theories

    • B. 

      Synthetic theories

    • C. 

      Ad hoc hypotheses

  • 21. 
    Descartes held that thinking is part of the essence of the self:
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    Traditional dualism holds that a human is composed of a material body and an immaterial mind:
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    According to J.J.C. Smart there is a contingent identity between sensations and brain states:
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    Hillary Putnam uses the example of a "superactor" and a "superspartan" to prove behaviorism is true:
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    Functionalism holds that we should explain mental activities and states in terms of inputs and outputs
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

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