Chapter 17 Avoiding Tobacco, Alcohol And Substance Abuse

30 Questions | Total Attempts: 56

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Substance Abuse Quizzes & Trivia

Chapter 17 Avoiding Tobacco, Alcohol and Substance AbuseStarting on page 366 of our book. Pretty simple questions, but a great overview of the whole chapter. For instance: I did not add definitions for "prescriptions drugs, or "over the counter drugs" because, really, that is wasting precious study time. Basically, it is the need to know info, and not fluff that we already know.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A disability present in addition to the substance use disability is called:
    • A. 

      Comorbidity

    • B. 

      Drug abuse

    • C. 

      Combined medications

  • 2. 
    Approximately how many deaths, per year, are related to smoking in the United States?
    • A. 

      320,000

    • B. 

      440,000

    • C. 

      500,000

  • 3. 
    There are approximately how many deaths per year, related to alcohol?
    • A. 

      100,000

    • B. 

      150,00

    • C. 

      300,00

  • 4. 
    There are approximately how many deaths per year, related to drugs?
    • A. 

      10,000

    • B. 

      15,000

    • C. 

      20,000

  • 5. 
    __________ are defined as, any substance that, when taken into a living organism, may modify one or more of its functions and all of them affect the processes of the mind or body,Starts with DR
  • 6. 
    Check the four BASIC sources from which drugs are derived:
    • A. 

      Plants

    • B. 

      Animals

    • C. 

      Family

    • D. 

      Mineral

    • E. 

      Synthetic chemicals

  • 7. 
    There are THREE major categories of drugs:  Prescription, Non-prescription and..
    • A. 

      Psychotropic

    • B. 

      Polypharmacy

    • C. 

      Philanthropic

  • 8. 
    _________________  drugs are a specific major category of drugs that affect psychic function, behavior, or experience. These drugs, modify mental activity and not generally used to treat mental disorders.
  • 9. 
    This neurotransmitter can slow the body processes, enabling rest and sleep to occur.HINT:  it is involved in the synaptic response for SSRI's  (selective BLANK reuptake inhibitors)
    • A. 

      Serotonin

    • B. 

      Melatonin

    • C. 

      Ephinephrine

  • 10. 
    Psychotropic drugs act directly on the ________ cells and their neurotransmitters to alter brain chemistry and function.
    • A. 

      Skin

    • B. 

      Nerve

  • 11. 
    According to the book, drug misuse can occur if a drug is used inappropriately. The book also says drug "misuse generally results from a lack of understanding of the directions for use or from polypharmacy".  My questions is:  Does our book specifically state drug "misuse generally results from a lack of understanding of the directions for use or from polypharmacy"Yes, or No?You can check page 369 for the answer or you can check ALL answers at the end of the quiz.
    • A. 

      Yes

    • B. 

      No

  • 12. 
    _____________ occurs when multiple medications are used without the knowledge a supervising physician or nurse practitioner.
    • A. 

      Monopharmacy

    • B. 

      Polypharmacy

    • C. 

      Pharmaceutical maintanance

  • 13. 
    When does drug abuse begin?I made the answer obvious, because it may show up on the exams, verbatim.
    • A. 

      When a person makes a conscious decision to continue the use of the drug for the altered feeling it produces.

    • B. 

      The first time it is taken.

    • C. 

      As soon as the doctor prescribes a medication.

  • 14. 
    When does addiction occur?
    • A. 

      As an overstimulated process of the body from using polypharmacy

    • B. 

      As soon as you need more

    • C. 

      As a gradual process that occurs when a person has developed both a biological and a physiological dependence on the substance of use.

  • 15. 
    The biological BASIS for addiction is that it alters the normal process of chemical neurotransmission.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    The __________ life of a drug is half the time it takes for the tddrug to be metabolized out of the system.
  • 17. 
    When does a drug's half life produce its perceived positive effects, or altered state of consciousness?
    • A. 

      First part of the drugs half life

    • B. 

      Middle part of the drugs half life

    • C. 

      Last part of the drugs half life

  • 18. 
    ___________________ refers to taking an individual who is using drugs, off the drug.Starts with a D and ends with IFICATION
  • 19. 
    Whats is a cross tolerance?
    • A. 

      Satisfying a craving with many drugs

    • B. 

      Drugs that are similar to each other and produce similar effects on the body and brain

    • C. 

      Building a resistance to a drug

  • 20. 
    _______________ is when a progressive increase int he amount of a drug is required to obtain desired effects.Starts with a T
  • 21. 
    On page 370, our book says drugs condition and control behaviors by acting as positive and negative reinforcement.  So, what is positive reinforcement and what is negative reinforcement?
    • A. 

      Positive Reinforcement is: when the social environment is perceived as good. Negative Reinforcement is: when a social environment is perceived as bad

    • B. 

      Positive Reinforcement: occurs when an event (a reinforcer) is experienced as negative Negative Reinforcement: occurs when an event (a reinforcer) is experienced as positive

    • C. 

      Positive Reinforcement is: when an event ( a reinforcer) is experienced as pleasurable and positive which increases likelihood that the behavior will happen again. Negative Reinforcement: occurs when a negative event is taken away when a behavior occurs, and the removal of the negative event increases the likelihood that the behavior will occur.

  • 22. 
    The brain has its own natural opiate receptors, or, called the endogenous opined system.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    Opiates act to excite the central nervous system.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    An example of stimulants are  caffeine and nicotine, which activate the dopaminergic neurotransmitter pathways.  Will humans choose stimulants OVER sex and food?Answer on page 372 of the book
    • A. 

      Yes

    • B. 

      No

  • 25. 
    Environmental _____________ smoke (ETS) is known as involuntary, sidestream, or secondhand smoke and is known to be detrimental to smokers and nonsmokers of all ages.Starts with a TOB