Chapter 16 Quiz

16 Questions

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Chapter 16 Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The revolutions that occurred between 1688 and 1789:
    • A. 

      Affirmed the divine right of kings

    • B. 

      Limited power to members of the upper class

    • C. 

      Hurt the expansion of the nation-state concept

    • D. 

      Encouraged effective governmental bureaucracy

  • 2. 
    John Locke argued that:
    • A. 

      People had been forced into the social contract

    • B. 

      People had a right to replace a government that broke the social contract

    • C. 

      Divine-right monarchy was the best form of government

    • D. 

      Individuals found freedom when they acquiesced to the general will of the populace

  • 3. 
    The most fundamental reason for the American Revolution was that:
    • A. 

      American colonists felt they were not being given their full rights as Englishmen

    • B. 

      American colonists did not want to pay higher taxes

    • C. 

      American colonists resented the presence of so many British troops in the colonies

    • D. 

      American colonists wanted the freedom to expand westward across the continent

  • 4. 
    The American Bill of Rights provided for all of the following, except:
    • A. 

      Freedom of religion

    • B. 

      The right to vote

    • C. 

      The right to a trial

    • D. 

      The right to bear arms

  • 5. 
    The 1789 Estates General:
    • A. 

      Was under the control of Louis XVI

    • B. 

      Was called to meet by the first estate

    • C. 

      Had no representation for the lower classes of France

    • D. 

      Had its most radical representatives in the third estate

  • 6. 
    In 1789, the National Assembly:
    • A. 

      Was dominated by the aristocracy and clergy

    • B. 

      Issued the "Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen"

    • C. 

      Decided to maintain serfdom

    • D. 

      Preserved the tithe for the Catholic church

  • 7. 
    The Committee on Public Safety:
    • A. 

      Was formed by the Girondins

    • B. 

      Abolished the national draft

    • C. 

      Executed Robespierre as one of its first orders of business

    • D. 

      Instituted the Reign of Terror

  • 8. 
    Napoleon:
    • A. 

      Was more oppressive than any of the so-called enlightened despots

    • B. 

      Was a traitor to everything the French Revolution stood for

    • C. 

      Sought to export French political and social ideas to other European countries

    • D. 

      Conquered Russia early in his reign

  • 9. 
    Of the following territories, which was never under Napoleon's control?
    • A. 

      Italy

    • B. 

      Spain

    • C. 

      Britain

    • D. 

      Netherlands

  • 10. 
    The Saint-Domingue revolt
    • A. 

      Ended in defeat for the Haitian slaves

    • B. 

      Fractured the hope for unity among black and mulatto armies

    • C. 

      Was the only known successful slave revolution in history

    • D. 

      Led to more oppressive treatment of slaves

  • 11. 
    Despite the abolition of slavery in the United States in 1865, the Atlantic slave trade continued until it was abolished in Brazil in:
    • A. 

      1888

    • B. 

      1950

    • C. 

      1914

    • D. 

      1927

  • 12. 
    The early-nineteenth-century Latin American revolutions:
    • A. 

      Did not begin until the late 1820s

    • B. 

      Were led primarily by creole elites

    • C. 

      Were usually even more radical than the French Revolution

    • D. 

      Did not draw inspiration from either the American or the French revolutions

  • 13. 
    Many new nations of Latin America sought to increase their power by:
    • A. 

      Waging war against their neighbors

    • B. 

      Confiscating Church lands

    • C. 

      Industrializing their economy

    • D. 

      Creating their own empires

  • 14. 
    The most recent transfer of territory from Mexico to the United States was:
    • A. 

      Texas

    • B. 

      California

    • C. 

      New Mexico

    • D. 

      The Gadsden Purchase

  • 15. 
    Which of the following is true of both the French and Mexican revolutions?
    • A. 

      Centrally organized reigns of terror were carried out by each revolutionary regime.

    • B. 

      Rural populations gave wholehearted support to both revolutionary regimes.

    • C. 

      After long struggle, radical social and economic platforms triumphed in the end.

    • D. 

      Early leaders proved unable to keep moderate and radical revolutionaries united.

  • 16. 
    Who were the caudillos in the context of Latin American history?
    • A. 

      Cattle ranchers who developed the southern pampas

    • B. 

      Wealthy plantation owners who dominated agricultural production

    • C. 

      Conservative strongmen who established authoritarian regimes

    • D. 

      Native warriors who rebelled against several post-independence regimes