Chapter 13

28 Questions
Book Quizzes & Trivia
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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    ______________ law is the body of law developed from judicial decisions in English and US courts.
  • 2. 
    A ____________________ is a court decision that furnishes an example or authority for deciding subsequent cases involving identical or similar facts and legal issues.
  • 3. 
    The doctrine under which judges normally are obligated to follow the precedents established by prior court decisions is called ________________.
  • 4. 
    _____________________ law consists of the rules, orders, and decisions of administrative agencies. 
  • 5. 
    _______________ law is the body of law enacted by legislatures.
  • 6. 
    _________ law consists of the rules of law announced in court decisions.
  • 7. 
    ____________ law spells out the duties that individuals in society owe to each other or to their governments, excluding the duty not to commit crimes.
  • 8. 
    Criminal defendants are prosecuted by __________________ on behalf of the government.
  • 9. 
    ________________ is the authority of a court to hear and decide a particular case.
  • 10. 
    The requirement that an individual must have a sufficient stake in a controversy before he or she can bring a lawsuit is called ____________________________.
  • 11. 
    The federal trial courts are called ______________ courts.
  • 12. 
    Currently, there are ____ federal judicial districts.
  • 13. 
    The ________________________ review the transcripts of the trial courts' proceedings and determine whether the trial courts erred in applying the law to the facts and issues involved in a case.
  • 14. 
    There are _____ U.S. courts of appeals in the United States.
  • 15. 
    The decisions of the federal appellate courts may be appealed to the ______________________.
  • 16. 
    The U.S. Supreme Court consists of ______ justices.
  • 17. 
    Most of the Supreme Court's work is as ________________.
  • 18. 
    _____________________ is the order issued by the Supreme Court to a lower court requesting the lower court to send it the record of the case in question.
  • 19. 
    The Supreme Court will not issue a writ unless at least ________ of the justices agree to hear the appeal.
  • 20. 
    _______ arguments are presented to the justices of the Supreme Court by attorneys on behalf of their clients. 
  • 21. 
    Only the ___________ are allowed in the room when the Supreme Court cases are discussed in conference.
  • 22. 
    An opinion written by a justice who agrees with the Court's decision, but for reasons different from those in the majority opinion is called a ______________________ opinion.
  • 23. 
    An opinion written by a justice who disagrees with the Court's decision is called a _________________ opinion.
  • 24. 
    Federal judges are _____________________ by ___________________.
  • 25. 
    A nominee for the Supreme COurt must be confirmed by a ____________ vote of the ____________________.
  • 26. 
    The Supreme Court claimed the power of judicial review in __________________________ (1803).
  • 27. 
    _____________________ describes the belief that the courts should actively use their powers to check the activities of the legislative and executive branches to ensure that they do not exceed their authority. 
  • 28. 
    ________________ describes the belief that the courts should defer to the decisions of the legislative and executive branches.