Chapter 13: Using Alcohol & Other Drugs

25 Questions | Total Attempts: 1288

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Chapter 13: Using Alcohol & Other Drugs

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Children from wealthy families are at _____ risk for drug and alcohol problems
    • A. 

      >

    • B. 

      Lesser

    • C. 

      Comparable

    • D. 

      Almost certain

  • 2. 
    A history of social attitudes towards drunkenness reveals that
    • A. 

      Drunkenness has always been acceptable in wine-drinking countries

    • B. 

      Drunkenness and drinking have been equally condemned

    • C. 

      Drunkenness has generally been acceptable in beer-drinking countries

    • D. 

      Drunkenness has always been unacceptable except for special occasions

  • 3. 
    With regard to the consumption of alcohol in the US, it is most accurate to say that about
    • A. 

      90% of adults drink; about 1/4 abuse alcohol

    • B. 

      75% of adults drink; about 1/10 abuse alcohol

    • C. 

      66% of adults drink; about 20% binge drink

    • D. 

      90% of adults drink; about 5% abuse alcohol

  • 4. 
    The highest rate of binge drinking in the US is among
    • A. 

      Teenagers

    • B. 

      The elderly

    • C. 

      Women

    • D. 

      Young adults, 18 to 25 years of age

  • 5. 
    In general, _____ are less likely to binge or drink heavily, whereas ______ are more likely to be heavy and problem drinkers
    • A. 

      College graduates...high school dropouts

    • B. 

      High school dropouts...college graduates

    • C. 

      College graduates...high school dropouts

    • D. 

      Men...women

  • 6. 
    Carla, a 120-lb. woman, and her twin brother Carlos, a 200-lb. man, decided to celebrate their 21st birthday by equally dividing a six-pack of beer, although neither had consumed much alcohol before this time. You would guess that
    • A. 

      Carla will be more affected by the beer than Carlos

    • B. 

      Carlos will be more affected by the beer than Carla

    • C. 

      The twins will be equally affected by the beer

    • D. 

      Neither will be affected by the beer, because beer does not contain enough alcohol to bring about intoxication

  • 7. 
    When a drug becomes incorporated into the functioning of the body's cells and thus becomes necessary for "normal" functioning, ____ has occurred
    • A. 

      Dependence

    • B. 

      Tolerance

    • C. 

      Withdrawal

    • D. 

      Death

  • 8. 
    Restlessness, irritation, having the "shakes," and other signs that the body is adjusting to functioning without alcohol are called
    • A. 

      Dependence

    • B. 

      Tolerance

    • C. 

      Withdrawal symptoms

    • D. 

      Habituation

  • 9. 
    Erick drinks about seven or eight drinks a day. Besides the risk of addiction Erick's greatest INCREASED risk is that of
    • A. 

      Heart disease

    • B. 

      Oral cancer

    • C. 

      Stroke

    • D. 

      Cirrhosis of the liver

  • 10. 
    Korsakoff's syndrome is sometimes found among long-term, heavy users of alcohol and is characterized by
    • A. 

      Nonfunctional scar tissue on the liver

    • B. 

      Confusion, disorientation, and memory impairment

    • C. 

      High blood pressure and rapid, irregular heartbeat

    • D. 

      Excessive trembling, sweating, anxiety, and hallucinations

  • 11. 
    Women who drink 2-5 drinks a day
    • A. 

      Have decreased risk of breast cancer

    • B. 

      Have increased risk of breast cancer

    • C. 

      Have increased risk of breast cancer if they drink liquor, but no increased risk if they drink beer or wine

    • D. 

      Both b and c are correct

  • 12. 
    Research continues to show that
    • A. 

      Moderate drinkers have a lower death rate than nondrinkers

    • B. 

      Moderate drinkers have a lower death rate than heavy drinkers

    • C. 

      Nondrinkers have a lower death rate than heavy drinkers

    • D. 

      All of these are true

  • 13. 
    In most studies of the relationship betwen drinking and mortality rate, a J-shaped or U-shaped relationship has been found. This pattern suggests that
    • A. 

      Light and moderate drinkers have a higher death rate than heavy drinkers

    • B. 

      Moderate and heavy drinkers have a lower death rate than light drinkers

    • C. 

      Light and nondrinkers have a higher death rate than heavy drinkers

    • D. 

      Light and moderate drinkers have a lower death rate than nondrinkers or heavy drinkers

  • 14. 
    Several explanations have been suggested for the observed J-shaped relationship between alcohol consumption and death from coronary heart disease. Which of these explanations is supported by research?
    • A. 

      Heavy drinkers were biased in their self-reports of drinking

    • B. 

      Former heavy drinkers were listed among the abstainers

    • C. 

      A single personality type is responsible for both drinking and for a low genetic risk of heart disease

    • D. 

      None of these are true

  • 15. 
    Low to moderate levels of drinking decrease the risk for ___, but high levels of drinking increase the risk for ___.
    • A. 

      Automobile crashes...automobile crashes

    • B. 

      Alzheimer's disease...Korsakoff's syndrome

    • C. 

      Bicycle injuries...ulcers

    • D. 

      Gallstones...lung cancer

  • 16. 
    Children of problem drinkers, more often than children of nonproblem drinkers, become problem drinkers. This finding suggests that
    • A. 

      Drinking problems are caused by a specific gene

    • B. 

      There is no interaction of genes and environment that produces problem drinking

    • C. 

      The environment makes no contribution to drinking problems

    • D. 

      Drinking problems have a genetic component

  • 17. 
    The disease model explains why people ___ better than ___.
    • A. 

      Drink too much...why people start drinking

    • B. 

      Epxerience cognitive deficits while drinking...why some people can abstain from drinking

    • C. 

      Model the drinking behavior of others...why people drink too much

    • D. 

      Start drinking...the genetic contributions to alcoholism

  • 18. 
    Claude Steele's alcohol myopia model assumes that
    • A. 

      Alcohol facilitates insightful cognitive processing

    • B. 

      Alcohol alters thoughts related to the self, stress, and social anxiety

    • C. 

      Alcohol consumption leads to impaired vision and coordination

    • D. 

      Alcohol improves one's vision of reality

  • 19. 
    The observation that people in different cultures have different beliefs about alcohol's effects tends to support
    • A. 

      The social learning model

    • B. 

      The self-awareness model

    • C. 

      The tension reduction model

    • D. 

      The alcohol myopia model

  • 20. 
    In order to avoid withdrawal symptoms, Anton has another drink. In fact, Anton drinks in the morning, afternoon, evening, and night. What psychological concept best explains his behavior?
    • A. 

      Positive reinforcement

    • B. 

      Negative reinforcement

    • C. 

      Tension reduction

    • D. 

      Self-efficacy

  • 21. 
    The Alcoholics Anonymous doctrine
    • A. 

      Calls for complete abstinence

    • B. 

      Adopts a psychological approach to quitting drinking

    • C. 

      Holds that most alcoholics will eventually be cured for their problem drinking

    • D. 

      Incldues the notion that its members must give up tobacco products as well as alcohol

  • 22. 
    Motivational interviewing is a psychotherapy technique used for treating problem drinking, and this technique has the advantage of
    • A. 

      Having 90% improvement rate for problem drinking

    • B. 

      Being more effective in group settings than when administered individually

    • C. 

      Being a brief intervetion that requires few sessions

    • D. 

      All of these

  • 23. 
    Studies on controlled drinking have found that
    • A. 

      No true alcoholics can be trained to resume normal drinking

    • B. 

      All subjects were functioning well after three years

    • C. 

      Abstinence-oriented programs sometimes produce controlled drinkers

    • D. 

      Participants trained to abstain were more likely to be successful than those trained to control their drinking

  • 24. 
    The neurotransmitter ___ is involved in the effects of several drugs that affect brain function.
    • A. 

      Dopamine

    • B. 

      Epinephrine

    • C. 

      THC

    • D. 

      Methylapoprobate

  • 25. 
    The drug MDMA ("Ecstasy") produces its effects by
    • A. 

      Prompting neurons to release stored dopamine in greater than normal amounts

    • B. 

      Slowing the release of GABA

    • C. 

      Prompting the massive release of serotonin

    • D. 

      Inhibiting the release of dopamine